Guide to the Tom Hide Collection 1925-2016
SC 014.1

Summary Information

Manuscripts, Archives, and Special Collections, Washington State University Libraries
Hide, Tom, 1927-2012
Tom Hide collection
SC 014.1
Date [inclusive]
17.0 containers
General Physical Description note
11.0 linear feet of shelf space
The Tom Hide Collection consists of materials related to the incarceration of the Hide family at Heart Mountain Relocation Center, Wyoming as well as efforts to commemorate the internment experience. The collection also includes materials on Tom Hide’s time at Washington State College from 1944-1948, and published materials about Japanese American experience before and during the camps. This collection includes correspondence, photographs, artifacts, newspapers, published materials, audio-visual materials, and directories.

Preferred Citation note

[Item description]. Tom Hide Collection, 1925-2016. Manuscripts, Archives, and Special Collections, Washington State University Libraries, Pullman, WA.

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Biographical Note

Terumi (Tom) Hide was born to Japanese immigrants Mantaro and Kiyo in Washington State’s Yakima Valley in 1927. The Hide family was removed from the Yakima Valley to the Portland Assembly Center in 1942 by the War Relocation Authority as part of the mass incarceration of Japanese Americans authorized by Executive Order 9066. The family was eventually incarcerated at Heart Mountain Relocation Center, Wyoming. During their years of internment, the family spent a portion of 1943 in Lyman, Nebraska on work leave. In 1944, Tom entered his freshman year at Washington State College, where he competed as runner on the track and field team and was a member of the Reserve Officers' Training Corps (ROTC). By 1945, Tom’s older brother, Makio (Mike) entered the army.

After graduating from Washington State College, Tom moved to southern California where he started a nursery in Garden Grove and was part of the Southern California Flower Growers Association. As interest in the commemoration and history of the camps increased, Tom Hide played an active role in preserving the memory of Heart Mountain Relocation Center. Hide assisted in the transport of a Heart Mountain barrack to the Japanese American National Museum in Los Angeles and served on the Heart Mountain Reunion Committee. Tom Hide passed away on November 3, 2012 while residing in Anaheim, California.

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Scope and Contents note

The bulk of this collection relates to Tom Hide’s experience as an internee at Heart Mountain Relocation Center and efforts to commemorate the internment experience. Materials from camp include a series of photographs, photocopies of the Heart Mountain high school newspaper, and pamphlets and artifacts from the camps. Materials on commemoration include papers and souvenirs from Heart Mountain reunions, materials related to the planning of Heart Mountain restoration projects, and materials documenting educational efforts related to incarceration. A much smaller portion of the collection consists of memorabilia from Washington State College. The collection also contains several published items about Japanese American experiences prior to and during World War II. Many of the published items are in Japanese.

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Arrangement note

The documents in this collection are arranged in five series: Biographical Materials, Incarceration, Washington State College, Published Materials, and Miscellaneous Materials.

Series 1: Biographical Materials, 1925-2012. This series contains materials on Tom Hide. It includes an obituary, his funeral program, and photographs of the Hide family prior to and after the camps.

Series 2: Incarceration, 1942-2016. This series consists of materials about the Hides' incarceration at Heart Mountain Relocation Center, Wyoming and efforts to commemorate the internment. This series is divided into 5 subseries. Materials in each subseries are arranged in chronological order.

Subseries 1: Documents from the Detention Camps and Assembly Centers, 1942-2016. This subseries consists mainly of ephemera from the camps, including pamphlets on resettlement, directories, ration books, programs from Heart Mountain High School, and photocopies of the school newspaper. This subseries also includes a scrapbook containing articles from the Rocky Shimpo during World War II and articles from Japanese language newspapers from Los Angeles after the war.

Subseries 2: Documents on the Preservation and Memory of the Camps, 1942-2012. This subseries consists primarily of materials related to the preservation and memory of Heart Mountain Relocation Center. This includes public programming about the camp, efforts to restore or transport barracks from the site, planning for the interpretive center built on the site in 2011, and reunions for those interned at Heart Mountain. This subseries also includes articles reflecting on the significance of the camps and articles about redress.

Subseries 3: Photographs and Audio-Visual Materials, 1944-2001. This subseries consists of a series of photographs from the Hide family's time at Heart Mountain and on their work assignment in Nebraska during the incarceration. It also contains photographs of Makio (Mike) Hide in military uniform, video cassette recordings of Heart Mountain events and television shows, a DVD recording featuring an interview with Gail Nomura and Steve Sumida, audio cassette recordings of events about internment and music played by Japanese American musicians during World War II.

Subseries 4: Realia, 1942-1995. This subseries consists of artifacts from Heart Mountain and memorabilia from Heart Mountain reunions. This includes autograph books created at Heart Mountain, a bag used by Tom Hide during the incarceration, and several souvenirs from Heart Mountain reunions such as a rice paddle and baseball cap.

Subseries 5: Research Materials, 1940-2009. This subseries consists of research materials gathered by Tom Hide including a series of transcripts of Wyoming newspaper articles and materials found in the American Heritage Center in Laramie, Wyoming and the Bancroft Library in Berkeley, California.

Series 3: Washington State College, 1944-1947. This series consists of memorabilia from Washington State College, including Tom Hide’s sweater, a pennant, photographic materials, an Reserve Officers' Training Corps (ROTC) patch and pin, and a suitcase with a WSC decal on the lid.

Series 4: Printed Materials, 1926-circa 1988. This series consists of several volumes related either to Japanese Americans prior to World War II or life in the detention camps in the United States and Canada. Of particular note are two volumes, one specific to the Japanese American community in the Yakima Valley and the other about Japanese Americans in Washington State. This series also contains materials about the Japanese American community of which Hide was a part following World War II in the South Bay city of Gardena in Los Angeles County and a series of Kokugo readers, which were printed to instruct readers on the official national dialect of Japan. Some of the volumes in this series are in Japanese.

Series 5: Miscellaneous Materials, 1950-2010. This series consists mainly of records related to Tom Hide's nursery in southern California, including business records, a history and photographs of the Southern California Flower Growers, and a film of Hide's nursery in Garden Grove, California.

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Administrative Information

Publication Information

Manuscripts, Archives, and Special Collections, Washington State University Libraries © 2016
Terrell Library
P.O. Box 645610
Pullman, WA, 99164-5610

Conditions Governing Access note

This collection is open and available for research use.

Conditions Governing Use note

Copyright restrictions apply.

Immediate Source of Acquisition note

The Tom Hide Collection was donated to Washington State University by Patti Hirahara and Tom Hide. It was received in multiple installments from 2010 to 2016 (MS 2010-37; MS 2011-25; MS 2011-31; MS 2011-38; MS 2013-01; MS 2013-02; MS 2013-05; MS 2013-14; MS 2014-29; MS 2016-25; MS 2016-31).

Processing Information note

This collection was processed by Steven Bingo 2012. A grant from the National Park Service provided funding for processing and digitization of materials about Heart Mountain.

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Related Materials

Related Archival Materials note

George and Frank C. Hirahara Photograph Collection (SC 14)

Heart Mountain High School Tempo (SC 14.10)

Terry Ishihara Collection (SC 14.8)

Mike Mackey Collection (SC 14.9)

George B. and Doris G. McIntyre Collection (SC 14.5)

Fusataro Nakaya Photographs (SC 14.11)

Kenneth Nishiyori Collection (SC 14.4)

Takeda Family Collection (SC 14.3)

Okubara Family Collection (SC 14.2)

Mari Tsuruyama Okumura Collection (SC 14.6)

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Controlled Access Headings

Corporate Name(s)

  • Heart Mountain Relocation Center (Wyo.) -- History -- Sources

Personal Name(s)

  • Hide, Tom, 1927-2012 --Archives


  • Artifacts
  • Black-and-white photography -- Social aspects -- United States -- History -- 20th century
  • Japanese Americans
  • Japanese Americans -- Evacuation and relocation, 1942-1945
  • Japanese Americans--Washington (State)--History
  • Photographs
  • Washington (State)
  • Washington State University -- History -- Sources

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Collection Inventory

 Series 1 Biographical materials 1925-2012 

Box Folder

Obituary, program, and WRA data 2010-2012 

1 1

Photographs of Hide family and compact disc with scanned images 1925-1969 

1 2

Articles about Tom Hide 1998-2010 

16 46

Kiyo Hide funeral program 1988 

17 84

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 Series 2 Incarceration 1942-2016 

 Subseries 1 Documents from detention camps and assembly centers 1942-2016 

Box Folder

Newsletters from Portland Assembly Center 1942 

1 3

The Relocation Program May 1942 

16 47

Hide family ration books and luggage tags 1942-1944 

1 4

Tom Hide’s ration books, luggage tags, and pamphlets 1942-1945 

1 5

Adult English class exercises circa 1943 

16 48

Hospital laundry list circa 1943 

16 49

Photocopies of Heart Mountain Eagle October 19, 1943-February 22, 1944 

1 6

Programs from Heart Mountain High School 1943-1944 

1 7

Pamphlets on resettlement 1943-1945 

1 8

Scrapbook 1943-1965 

6 33

Hato Mauten Bungei (Heart Mountain Bungei) 1944 

16 50

Heart Mountain High School dance ephemera 1944 

16 51

Leave documents 1944 

16 52

Memoirs, Hunt High School yearbook 1944 

17 82

Miscellaneous records 1944 

16 53

Heart Mountain Sentinel August 12, 1944 

Map Drawer

Leave and work documents 1944-1945 

16 54

Takashi Enkoji biographical information 1944, 2016 

17 83

Tom Hide's Cleveland relocation 1945 

16 55

Heart Mountain directories 1945 

1 9

Selective Service documents 1945 

16 56

 Subseries 2 Documents on the preservation and memory of the camps 1942-2012 

Box Folder

Articles about Heart Mountain 1942-2010 

6 34

Pacific Citizen and Rafu Shimpo 1944-1946, 1989-1990 

6 35

Heart Mountain memory and restoration 1944, 1992-2011 

1 10-11

Article on opposition to mass incarceration December 26-29, 1969 

Map Drawer

Pacific Citizen Holiday Issues 1981 and 1997 

6 35.1

Ephemera on remembering incarceration 1981-2011 

7 36

Heart Mountain Reunion program and registration materials 1982 

1 12

Hunt High School class reunion program 1983 

1 12.1

Heart Mountain reunions, oversized materials 1983-1995 

Map Drawer

Articles about Redress 1983-1989 

7 36.1

Heart Mountain reunions 1985-2002 

1 13-13.1

Correspondence about Redress 1987-1988 

2 13.2

Pacific Citizen and Rafu Shimpo 1990-2012 

7 37

Articles about incarceration and its legacy 1991-2012 

7 38

Certificate and correspondence from the United States government 1992 and 1995 

2 14

Educational kit about incarceration June 25, 1995 

2 15

Nisei Research Project correspondence 1995-1997 

16 67

Heart Mountain Wyoming Foundation planning documents 1996-2010 

16 68

Alberta Kassing correspondence 2002 

16 69

Heart Mountain Interpretive Learning Center plans April 2010 

7 39

Heart Mountain cards undated 

2 16

Posters undated 

Map Drawer

 Subseries 3 Photographs and audio-visual materials 1944-2005 

Box Folder

Photographs of Makio (Mike) Hide and Heart Mountain Relocation Center 1944-1945 

2 17


2 18-19

Contact sheet produced from negatives 

2 20

Video recording of Heart Mountain Barracks Project 1994 


Video recordings of shows about Heart Mountain 1994 


Video recording of Heart Mountain 50th year reunion 1994 


Video recording of 1997 Heart Mountain reunion 1997 


Video recording Heart Mountain Reunion VI 1997 


Video recordings of shows about Heart Mountain 1997 


Audio recording of Health Consequences of the Internment 1997 


Topaz Relocation Center photographs circa 1998 

16 57

Heart Mountain Relocation Center photographs 1999 

16 58

Heart Mountain reunion 2000 

16 59

Video recording of Heart Mountain interviews 2001 


Video recording of ninth Heart Mountain reunion 2005 


Audio recording of Heart Mountain dedication undated 


Copy of Japanese Americans in Washington State 


Music to Remember: A Tribute to Japanese American Musicians and Singers of the 40s undated 


 Subseries 4 Realia 1942-1995 

Box Folder

Autograph books 1942 and 1944 


Bag used by Tom Hide at Heart Mountain circa 1943 


Souvenir plaque from Lyman, Nebraska circa 1943 


Commemorative rice paddle 1985 


Heart Mountain reunion hat and buttons 1985 


2 commemorative hand towels 1986 


Heart Mountain Reunion name badges 1986 and 1994 


Heart Mountain Barracks Reunion bag 1989 


Heart Mountain Barracks Project t-shirt 1994 


Flag flown over the Capitol Building in 1995 


Suburban Optimist Club name badge undated 


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 Series 3 Washington State College 1943-1947 

Box Folder

Ephemera 1943-1945 

17 85

Ephemera 1943-1945 

16 60

Admissions documents 1944 

16 61

Chemistry notebook 1944 

18 86

Chemistry workbook 1944 

17 70

Financial documents 1944 

16 62

Horticulture notebooks 1944-1945 

17 71

Photographs 1944-1945 

16 63

ROTC assignments 1944-1945 

18 87

Fusser's Guide 1945 

16 64

Reminiscence of freshman year 1945 and undated 

2 21

Photographs and postcards 1945 and undated 

2 22

Chemistry assignments circa 1945 

18 88

Decals circa 1945 

16 65

Class notebooks circa 1947 

16 66

Washington State College pennant 


Washington State College pendant and ROTC patch and pin 


Washington State College ROTC uniform 


Washington State College sweater 


Washington State College track warmups 


Suitcase with Washington State College decal on lid 


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 Series 4 Published Materials 1926-circa 1988 

Box Folder

Amerika Seikatsu, Sasabune Sasaki 1937 

3 23

Bloomin' News, Volume 8 1956 

13 40

Chinook 1945 

13 41

Famous biographies in Northern California 1939 

3 24

Famous Poems 1926 

3 25

The First 50 Years, Gardena Buddhist Church 1977 

13 42

Gila River Relocation Center 50 Year Reunion Souvenir Booklet 1995 

17 72

Gila River Relocation Center Monument Dedication program 1995 

17 73

Japanese Canadian poetry club 1972 

4 26

Kokoro no Kate, volumes 3-4 circa 1988 

4 27

Kokugo readers 1948 

14 43

Nisei VFW 7th Annual Reunion program 1957 

17 74

Nisei VFW 40th Annual Reunion program 1990 

17 75

Orations and Essays by the Japanese Second Generation in America, edited by Paul T. Hirohata 1935 

4 28

Poems by internee at Crystal City 1959 

4 29

Recollections of 60 Years in America, Toshichi Mitoma and Yoshie Mitoma 1970 

4 30

Sakimura book for the Yakima Valley 1938 

4 31

Shining Wheel, Gardena Buddhist Church 1953 

14 44

Southern California Flower Growers Japanese language publication undated 

14 45

United States-Japan and younger generation photos 1935 

5 32

Yakima 1928 Yearbook and Summary (English translation) 1928 

17 76

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 Series 5 Miscellaneous materials 1950-2010 

Box Folder

Business records 1950-1955 

17 77

Southern California Flower Growers history 1950-1963 

17 78

Southern California Flower Growers photographs 1956-1959 

17 79

Norio Hide film of the Hide-Nishi nursery (transferred to DVD) 1965 

17 80

United States Olympic Committee certificates 2010 

17 81

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