Guide to the George and Frank C. Hirahara Photograph Collection of Heart Mountain, Wyoming 1932-2016
SC 014

Summary Information

Repository
Manuscripts, Archives, and Special Collections, Washington State University Libraries
Creator
Hirahara, George and Frank C.
Title
George and Frank C. Hirahara Photograph Collection of Heart Mountain, Wyoming
ID
SC 014
Date [inclusive]
1932-2016
Extent
32.0 boxes
General Physical Description note
27.5 linear feet of shelf space
Language
English
Abstract
The main focus of this collection is the Heart Mountain Relocation Center, Wyoming, where the Hirahara family was interned during World War II.

Preferred Citation note

George and Frank C. Hirahara Photograph Collection of Heart Mountain, Wyoming 1943-1945

Manuscripts, Archives, and Special Collections, Washington State University Libraries, Pullman, WA.

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Biographical/Historical note

In 1907, the Hirahara family immigrated to the Yakima Valley where they owned a farm and ran the Pacific Hotel. In 1942, they were removed from the Yakima Valley by the War Relocation Authority as part of the mass incarceration of Japanese Americans authorized by Executive Order 9066. The Hiraharas were sent to the Portland Assembly Center before their internment at Heart Mountain Relocation Center in Wyoming. The Hirahara family, including grandfather Motokichi, grandmother Sato, father George, mother Koto, and son Frank, were among nearly eleven thousand people of Japanese ancestry incarcerated at the Heart Mountain Relocation Center from 1942 to 1945.

In 1943, the Hirahara family purchased photography equipment from a Sears, Roebuck, and Co. catalog and built a darkroom beneath his family barrack. George and his son, Frank, took thousands of pictures that portrayed life at the Heart Mountain Relocation Center, including daily practices, festivals, funerals, sports, and the Heart Mountain School. George Hirahara (1905-2000) took numerous family and individual portraits, and Frank C. Hirahara (1926-2006) served as a photographer for the 1945 Heart Mountain High School Tempo Yearbook his senior year. Both George and Frank also took many landscape portraits, as well as photographs of their family trips to nearby destinations like Yellowstone National Park.

Frank C. Hirahara left the Heart Mountain Relocation Center in January 1945 to attend Washington State College (later Washington State University). While at WSC, Frank participated on the school track team. Later in 1945, he returned to the Heart Mountain Relocation Center to attend a funeral for his grandfather Motokichi Hirahara. Frank graduated WSC in 1948 with a degree in Electrical Engineering and later served as an engineer for the Bonneville Power Administration.

At the closure of the Heart Mountain Relocation Center in 1945, George and Koto Hirahara returned to Yakima, Washington, where they resumed their lives, until moving to California in 1992.

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Scope and Contents note

The main focus of this collection is the Heart Mountain Relocation Center, Wyoming, where the Hirahara family was interned during World War II. It includes: 2712 photographs, photography equipment used by George and Frank C. Hirahara at Heart Mountain, and a substantial amount of related non-photographic material (manuscripts, artifacts, and printed items). In addition to the Heart Mountain materials, the collection also includes photographs, papers, and memorabilia from Washington State College, as well as documents related to the Hirahara family.

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Arrangement note

The documents in this collection are arranged in four series: Photographs, Manuscripts, Printed Materials, and Artifacts.

SERIES LIST

Series 1:

Photographs, 1943-2016. This series contains both negatives and prints. These photographs are arranged in five subseries.

Subseries 1.1:

Reference prints. This subseries consists of reference copies of all photographs within this collection.

Subseries 1.2:

George and Frank C. Hirahara negatives and prints of Heart Mountain Relocation Center, 1943-2016. This subseries contains original negatives and prints.

Subseries 1.3:

Other photographers' prints and negatives of Heart Mountain Relocation Center, 1943-1945.

Subseries 1.4:

Frank C. Hirahara negatives and prints of Washington State College, 1945-1948.

Subseries 1.5:

Miscellaneous negatives and prints, 1940s-1982.

Access note: Patrons will be asked to use reference prints. Original photographs will be made available upon request.

Additional information and images available: Item level descriptions and a selection of photographs from this collection are available in the related digital collection: George and Frank C. Hirahara Photograph Collection of Heart Mountain, Wyoming 1943-1945.

Note about image identifiers and physical arrangement: The photographs within each subseries are arranged in the original sequence in which they were received. A unique identifier has been assigned to each image, incorporating information about the original physical location of the photograph (example: sc14b01f0429n07a refers to the top portion of the seventh negative in the 429th folder received in box 1).

Series 2:

Manuscripts, 1942-2012. This series consists of papers and records pertaining to the Heart Mountain Relocation Center and the Hirahara family. These documents are arranged in four subseries.

Subseries 2.1:

Heart Mountain Relocation Center, 1942-1945.

Subseries 2.2:

Frank C. Hirahara papers (Washington State College), 1945-1948.

Subseries 2.3:

Frank C. Hirahara papers (photography), 1940s-1980s.

Subseries 2.4:

Miscellaneous supporting materials (Heart Mountain Relocation Center and Hirahara family), 1942-2016.

Series 3:

Printed Materials, 1932-2009. This series includes a yearbook from Heart Mountain High School, and several books on photography.

Series 4:

Artifacts, 1940s-1980s. This series consists of realia from George and Frank C. Hirahara, Heart Mountain Relocation Center, and Washington State College.

Subseries 4.1:

George and Frank C. Hirahara photography equipment and supplies, 1940s-1950s.

Subseries 4.2:

Heart Mountain Relocation Center memorabilia, 1940s.

Subseries 4.3:

Washington State College memorabilia, 1945-1948.

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Administrative Information

Publication Information

Manuscripts, Archives, and Special Collections, Washington State University Libraries © 2016

http://www.libraries.wsu.edu/masc
Terrell Library
P.O. Box 645610
Pullman, WA, 99164-5610
509-335-6691
mascref@wsu.edu

Conditions Governing Access note

This collection is open and available for research use.

Conditions Governing Use note

Copyright restrictions apply.

For photographs, patrons will be asked to use reference prints. Original negatives and prints will be made available upon request.

Immediate Source of Acquisition note

The George and Frank C. Hirahara Photograph Collection of Heart Mountain, Wyoming was donated to Washington State University by Patti Hirahara, the granddaughter of George Hirahara and daughter of Frank Hirahara. It was received in multiple installments from 2010 to 2016 (MS 2010-35; MS 2011-07; MS 2001-11; MS 2011-12; MS 2011-12; MS 2011-26; MS 2011-31; MS 2011-39; MS 2012-01; MS 2012-05; MS 2013-32; MS 2016-32).

Processing Information note

Jacki Hedlund Tyler processed the collection in 2012. A Japanese American Confinement Sites (JACS) grant provided funding for processing, and for digitization of photographs from Heart Mountain. The JACS grant was administered by the National Parks Service. Steven Bingo processed accessions arriving from 2013-2016.

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Related Materials

Related Archival Materials note

Tom T. Hide Collection (SC 14.1)

Heart Mountain High School Tempo (SC 14.10)

Terry Ishihara Collection (SC 14.8)

Mike Mackey Collection (SC 14.9)

George B. and Doris G. McIntyre Papers (SC 14.5)

Fusataro Nakaya Photographs (SC 14.11)

Kenneth Nishiyori Collection (SC 14.4)

Takeda Family Collection (SC 14.3)

Okubara Family Collection (SC 14.2)

Mari Tsuruyama Okumura Collection (SC 14.6)

Separated Materials note

The following items were removed for separate cataloging:

Ehrlich, Gretel. Heart Mountain: A Novel. New York: Viking, 1984. (PS3555.H72 H4 1988)

Hirabayashi, Lane Ryo. Japanese American Resettlement Through the Lens: Hikaru Iwasaki and the WRA's Photographic Section, 1943-1945. Boulder: University Press of Colorado, 2009. (D769.8 A6 H578 2009)

Memories: The Buddhist Church Experience in the Camps, 1942-1945. Eiko Irene Masuyama, 2007. (D769.8 A6 M46 2007)

Murata, Alica. Japanese Americans in Chicago. Charleston, South Carolina: Arcadia Publishing, 2002.

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Controlled Access Headings

Corporate Name(s)

  • Heart Mountain Relocation Center (Wyo.) -- History -- Sources
  • Washington State University -- History -- Sources

Family Name(s)

  • Hirahara family -- History -- Sources

Subject(s)

  • Black-and-white photography -- Social aspects -- United States -- History -- 20th century
  • Civil Rights
  • Japanese Americans
  • Japanese Americans -- Evacuation and relocation, 1942-1945
  • Photography -- Equipment and supplies

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Collection Inventory

Series 1: Photographs 

Subseries 1.1: Reference prints 

Box Folder

Reference prints (identifiers sc14b01f0001n01-sc14b01f0148n02a) 

1.1 1

Reference prints (identifiers sc14b01f0148n02b-sc14b01f0269n06a) 

1.1 2

Reference prints (identifiers sc14b01f0269n06b-sc14b01f409n05) 

1.1 3

Reference prints (identifiers sc14b01f0409n06-sc14b01f0565n01) 

1.1 4

Reference prints (identifiers sc14b01f0566n01-print-sc14b02f0057n01-print) 

1.1 5

Reference prints (identifiers sc14b02f0058n01-sc14b03f002p07) 

1.1 6

Reference prints (identifiers sc14b03f002p08-scrapbook_section8_18) 

1.1 7

Subseries 1.2: George and Frank C. Hirahara negatives and prints of the Heart Mountain Relocation Center, 1943-2016 

Box

Negatives (identifiers sc14b01f00001n01-sc14b01f0118n09b) 

1.2

Negatives (identifiers sc14b01f0119n01a-sc14b01f0235n04) 

1.3

Negatives (identifiers sc14b01f236n01-sc14b01f0315n01) 

1.4

Negatives (identifiers sc14b01f316n01-sc14b01f0420n02-print) 

1.5

Negatives (identifiers sc14b01f0421n01-sc14b01f0533n02) 

1.6

Negatives (identifiers sc14b01f0534n01-sc14b01f0587n08-print) 

1.7

Negatives (identifiers sc14b02f0001n01-sc14b02f0120n01) 

2.1

Negatives (identifiers sc14b02f0121n01a-sc14b02f0172n04) 

2.2
Box Folder

Negatives (identifiers sc14b01f0612n01a-sc14b01f0613n03c) 

2.3 8

Prints (identifiers sc14b02f0170n01-print-sc14b02f0170n31) 

2.3 9

Prints (identifiers sc14b02f0171n01-print-sc14b02f0171n48-print) 

2.3 10

Prints (identifiers sc14b03f001p01-sc14b03f001p03) 

3.1 11

Prints (identifiers sc14b03f002p01-sc14b03f002p12) 

3.1 12

Prints (identifiers sc14b03f003p01-sc14b03f003p12) 

3.1 13

Prints (identifiers sc14b03f004p01-sc14b03f004p11) 

3.1 14

Prints (identifiers sc14b03f005p01-sc14b03f005p03) 

3.1 15

Prints (identifiers sc14b03f006p01-sc14b03f006p19) 

3.1 16

Prints (identifiers sc14b03f007p01-sc14b03f007n20) 

3.1 17

Prints (identifiers sc14b03f0008n01-sc14b03f008p12) 

3.1 18

Prints (identifiers sc14b03f009-sc14b03f009p09) 

3.1 19

Prints (identifiers sc14b03f010p01-sc14b03f010p03) 

3.1 20

Prints (identifiers sc14b03f011p01-sc14b03f011p005) 

3.1 21

Prints (identifiers sc14b03f012p01-sc14b03f012p11) 

3.1 22

Prints (identifiers sc14b03f013p01-sc14b03f013p13) 

3.1 23

Prints (identifiers sc14b03f014p01-sc14b03f014p06) 

3.1 24

Prints (identifiers sc14b03f015p01-sc14b03f015p08) 

3.1 25

Prints (identifiers sc14b03f016p01-sc14b03f016p33) 

3.1 26

Prints (identifiers sc14b21f001p01-sc14b03f016p02) 1943 

21 81

Frank C. Hirahara and Kunio Yamamoto 1944, undated 

21 96

Betty Nitake Murata circa 1944, 2016 

21 97

Sumiji Tamaki circa 1944, 1985-2016 

21 98

Subseries 1.3: Other photographers' prints and negatives of the Heart Mountain Relocation Center, 1943-1945 

Box Folder

Other photographers' Heart Mountain negatives (identifiers sc14b01f0487n01a-sc14b01f0487n01b) 

3.2 27

Other photographers' Heart Mountain negatives (identifiers sc14b01f0588n01a-sc14c01f0611n01b) 

3.2 28

Other photographers' Heart Mountain prints (identifiers sc14b02f0170n28-print-sc14b02f0170n29-print) 

3.2 29

Other photographers' Heart Mountain prints (identifiers sc14b03f017n01-print-sc14b03f017n03-print) 

3.2 30

Heart Mountain High School Tempo yearbook production materials 

3.3

Subseries 1.4: Frank C. Hirahara photographs of Washington State College, 1945-1948 

Box Folder

Negatives (identifiers sc14b04f01n01a-sc14b04f01n14-print) 

4.1 31

Prints (identifiers sc14b04f01n15-print-sc14b4f01n22-print) 

4.1 32

Negatives (identifiers sc14b04f01n23a-sc14b04f01n59b) 

4.1 33

Slides 

4.1 34

Prints of Nicky Morgan 1947 

21 82

Prints and negatives 1947 

21 83

Prints, slides, and negatives circa 1947 

21 84

Prints and negatives of Pullman flood circa 1947 

21 85

Subseries 1.5: Miscellaneous negatives and prints, 1940s-1982 

Box Folder

Frank C. Hirahara Oregon Camera Club prints (identifiers sc14b04f02n01-print-sc14b04f02n19-print) 

4.1 35

Frank C. Hirahara Oregon Camera Club prints (identifiers sc14b04f02n14-print-sc14b04f02n19-print) 

4.2 36

Miscellaneous prints and negatives (identifiers sc14b04f03n01-print-sc14b04f03n07-print) 

4.3 37

Portrait of Frank C. Hirahara 

4.3 38

Photo album. First Heart Mountain Reunion Dinner, Hyatt Regency Hotel, Los Angeles, California. 1982 April 3. 

4.3 38

Print of Seattle circa 1947 

21 86

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Series 2: Manuscripts, 1942-2012 

Subseries 2.1: Heart Mountain Relocation Center, 1942-1945 

Box Folder

Letter to George Hirahara from Koto Hirahara. "Letter and envelope sent to George Hirahara in Pasco, Washington, from Koto Hirahara at Heart Mountain Relocation Center, Wyoming." 1943. 

5 39

Letter to Frank C. Hirahara from Bud Aoyama. "Letter and envelope sent to Frank C. Hirahara at Heart Mountain Relocation Center, Wyoming, by Bud Aoyama at Denver, Colorado." 1945. 

5 39

Letters to George, Koto, and Sato Hirahara from Frank C. Hirahara. 1948. 

5 39

Letters and an envelope sent to George Hirahara at Wapato, Washington, by Frank C. Hirahara at Washington State College. 1948. 

5 39

Postcards. "Various postcards and a Valentine's Day card acquired by the Hirahara family or sent to the Hirahara family at Heart Mountain Relocation Center, Wyoming." 1942-1945. 

5 39

Incineration certificate for Motokichi Hirahara. "Letter and envelope from the Great Falls Mausoleum, Inc., from Great Falls, Montana, sent to the Hirahara family certifying the incineration of Motokichi Hirahara." 1945. 

5 39

Letter from War Relocation Authority Relocation Officer confirming relocation of the Hirahara family. October 4, 1945. 

5 39

Photocopy of Heart Mountain Eagle. December 7, 1943. 

21 87

Frank Hirahara's War Relocation Authority indefinite leave card. 1944. 

21 95

Subseries 2.2: Frank C. Hirahara papers (Washington State College), 1945-1977 

Box Folder

Washington State College transcript for Frank C. Hirahara. "Frank C. Hirahara's final transcript from Washington State College received upon completion of a Bachelor of Science in Electric Engineering." 1948 December. 

5 40

Final Exam Questions. "A copy of the final exam questions for Civil Engineering 115, with notes by Frank C. Hirahara, at Washington State College." 1947 June 10. 

5 40

Paper on Vibration Characteristics. "Frank C. Hirahara's copy of a paper on Vibration Characteristics of Type H-H Copper Conductor With and Without Dampers by Bernard Fried and M.A. Gudor at the State College of Washington." 

5 40

Washington State College stickers. "Three different stickers portraying the Washington State College logo and name." 1945-1948. 

5 40

Graduation Card. 1948. "A greetings card and envelope celebrating Frank C. Hirahara's graduation from Washington State College." 1948. 

5 40

Washington State University decal and donation form, 1973 

21 88

Subseries 2.3: Frank C. Hirahara papers (photography), 1940s-1980s 

Box Folder

Certificate of Active Membership for the Photographic Society of America. "A certificate presented to Frank C. Hirahara for being an active member of the Photographic Society of America." 1948. 

5 41

Certificate of Active Membership for the Photographic Society of America. "A certificate presented to Frank C. Hirahara for being an active member of the Photographic Society of American." 

5 41

Certificate of Membership for the Portland Photographic Society. "A certificate presented to Frank C. Hirahara for being a member of good standing of the Portland Photographic Society." 1948. 

5 41

First Prize Certificate from the Oregon Camera Club. "A certificate presented to Frank C. Hirahara for first prize in the Fall Quarterly Salon award." 1951. 

5 41

Newspaper Clipping. "A newspaper clipping from the Sunday Journal Magazine of Frank C. Hirahara's photographs of Jean Chesler, as part of an Oregon Camera Club event." 1951 August 12. 

5 41

Newspaper clipping. "A newspaper clipping from the Sunday Journal Magazine of Frank C. Hirahara's photograph of young boy being held by his father for the Oregon Camera Club's photo competition." 1952 August 3. 

5 41

Newspaper clipping. "A newspaper clipping from the Sunday Oregonian Magazine of Frank C. Hirahara's photograph of Patti Throop, Miss Oregon and the Oregon Camera Club's 'Favorite Model.'" 1953 July 10. 

5 41

Newspaper clipping. "A newspaper clipping that contains the photographs 'Sunday in the Park' and 'Refreshment' by Frank C. Hirahara as part of an Oregon Camera Club competition. The photos displayed in this newspaper clipping were runners-up for the competition." 

5 41

Camera insurance form, 1953 

21 89

Subseries 2.4: Miscellaneous supporting materials (Heart Mountain Relocation Center and Hirahara family), 1942-2013 

Box Folder

Miscellaneous manuscripts. 1947-1948. 

5 42

Selective Service documents, 1948-1954 

21 90

Scrapbook: The Hirahara Family: The Yakima Buddhist Church and Buddhism in the Pacific Northwest, 1948-2011. Compiled by Patti Hirahara. 2011. 

5 43-53

Programs and recordings related to Hirahara photographs, 1990-2013 

21 91

Supporting materials, documents, films, and reproduced photographs pertaining to the Heart Mountain Relocation Center and the Hirahara family, 1942-2015. 

6-7 54-61

Clippings on Yellowstone National Park, Heart Mountain reunions, and the 442nd infantry regiment 2013-2016 

21 99

Heart Mountain Buddhist and Buddhist Temple of Chicago (photocopies) 1943-2016 

21 100

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Series 3: Printed Materials, 1932-2009 

Box Folder

Allied Radio Corporation. Allied's Radio Builder's Handbook: A Simplified Radio Handbook for Beginners and Experimenters. Chicago: Allied Radio Corporation, 1946. 

8 62

Bond, Fred. Kodachrome and Ektachrome: From All Angles. San Francisco: Camera Craft Publishing Co., 1949. 

8 63

Boucher, Paul E. Fundamentals of Photography: With Laboratory Experiments. Second Edition. New York: D. Van Nostrand Company, Inc., 1947. 

8 64

Camera Technique for Professional Photographers. Rochester, N.Y.: Eastman Kodak Co., 1952 

21 92

Central Station Engineers of Westinghouse Electric and Manufacturing Company. Electrical Transmission and Distribution Reference Book. Third Edition. East Pittsburgh: Westinghouse Electric and Manufacturing Co., 1944. 

8 65

Conrad, Edith Underwood. Show Me How to Write in Manuscript: Book Two. New York: A.N. Palmer Co., 1940. 

8 66

Engineering Handbook. Harrison: Hyatt Bearing Division, General Motors Corporation, 1946. 

8 67

Falk, Samuel F., ed. Universal Photo Almanac. New York: Falk Publishing Co., 1948. 

8 68

Heart Mountain Reunion, XI. West Covina: Heart Mountain Committee, 2009. 

9 69

How to Make Good Pictures: A Book for the Every-Day Photographer. Twenty-third edition. Rochester, N.Y.: Eastman Kodak Co., circa 1940 

21 93

Lake, Barbara, ed. The 1945 Chinook: Washington State College. Associated Students of the State College of Washington, 1945. 

9 70

Lessenberry, D. D. and S. J. Wanous, eds. College Typewriting: Intensive Course. Fourth Edition. Cincinnati: South-Western Publishing Co., 1948. 

9 71

Mitchell, Dorothy and Virginia McMath, eds. The 1946 Chinook: Washington State College. Associated Students of the State College of Washington, 1946. 

9 72

Moulton, Powers. Best Jokes For All Occasions. New York: Permabooks, 1948. 

9 73

Pen to fude de no Tegami no kakikata. Japan, 1932. 

9 74

Picture taking with the No. 3A Kodak Series II 

21 101

Pierson, Averill. The Chinook 1947: Washington State College. Associated Students of the State College of Washington, 1947. 

10 75

Power Line Carrier Equipment for Relaying, Telemetering, Load Control, Remote Trip and Emergency Communication. Newark: Westinghouse Electric Corporation, 1946. 

10 76

Sanseido's New Concise Japanese-English Dictionary. Japan, 1952. 

10 77

The 1944 Tempo: Heart Mountain High School Yearbook. Prairie Publishing Co., 1944. 

10 78

Van Wadenoyen, Hugo. Photographing People: Ways to New Portraiture. New York: Focal Press Inc., 1948. 

10 79

Yellowstone National Park postcards. Salt Lake City: Intermountain Tourist Supply, Inc. 

21 94

Young Buddhist Companion. San Francisco: Commission of Buddhist Research and Publication, 1948. 

10 80

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Series 4: Artifacts, 1940s-1980s 

Subseries 4.1: George and Frank C. Hirahara photography equipment and supplies, 1940s-1950s 

Box

George and Frank C. Hirahara photography equipment and supplies, 1940s-1950s. 

11-18

Subseries 4.2: Heart Mountain Relocation Center memorabilia, 1940s 

Box

Heart Mountain Relocation Center memorabilia, 1940s 

18-19

Subseries 4.3: Washington State College memorabilia, 1945-1948 

Box

Washington State College memorabilia, 1945-1948 

20

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