Guide to the L.V. McWhorter Photograph Collection
PC 85

Summary Information

Repository
Manuscripts, Archives, and Special Collections, Washington State University Libraries
Creator
Lucullus Virgil McWhorter
Title
L.V. McWhorter Photograph Collection
ID
PC 85
Extent
19.0 boxes
General Physical Description note
12 linear feet of shelf space
Language
English
Abstract
Photographs and glass negatives of the Nez Perce and Yakama peoples complied by McWhorter for research purposes and inclusion in his books.

Preferred Citation note

[Item Description]. PC 85, Guide to the L.V. McWhorter Photograph Collection. Manuscripts, Archives, and Special Collections, Washington State University Libraries, Pullman, WA.

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Biographical/Historical note

Lucullus Virgil McWhorter was born on the upper waters of the Monongahela River in Harrison County Virginia (later West Virginia) on January 29, 1860. He was one of twelve children born to the Reverend John Minion McWhorter and Rosetta Marple McWhorter, both native Virginians. McWhorter's youthful orientation to life on the land mirrored his rejection of formal education. Summarizing his formal schooling in a biographical questionnaire, McWhorter observed that he did "Four months annual winter terms [roughly the 3rd grade] of indifferent instruction, during years of minority only." He was a voracious if highly focused reader then and throughout his life. His interest in regional history, folklore, and archaeology originated with youthful forays into the woods and countryside of West Virginia where he hunted for archaeological remains of Indians and early settlers. McWhorter's critical study of 19th century American history and his romantic appreciation of nature combined to form his view that the American Indian was the true "aboriginal American". In the course of his life he became an ardent ally and supporter of various Indian tribes, strongly sympathizing with their resentment over the often bad treatment meted out to them by early white settlers and later by the military, "Indian grafters," and the Federal bureaucracy. In his teens his father took him into the family livestock business (breeding devon cattle) in Berlin, West Virginia. Acting on the impulse for adventure and to see Indians first-hand, McWhorter set out on a lark in 1881 to trek through the coastal regions of Mississippi, Louisiana, and Texas. Eventually, he saw his first Indians in Oklahoma, where he nearly encountered Chief Joseph and the exiled Nez Perces.

In 1883 he returned to cattle ranching in Berlin, West Virginia, and married Ardelia Adaline Swisher on March 17th of that year. She and McWhorter had three children: Ovid Tullius (b. 1884); Iris Oresta (b. 1886); and Virgil Oneco (b. 1888). Their marriage was tragically cut short when Ardelia died in December of 1893. During the 1890s McWhorter actively maintained his interest in archaeology and Indian affairs while he continued his work as a cattle rancher. On June 22, 1895, he married C. Annie Bowman. For the next two years the McWhorter family lived in Upshur County, West Virginia, before moving to Darke County, Ohio, in 1897. McWhorter's dream of settling near Native Americans never wavered. After selling off what he could of disposable property, he and his family left Ohio, moving to the Yakima River Valley in Washington state in 1903. It was there that his involvement with Indian history and culture matured and continued throughout the remainder of his life.

In Washington state McWhorter continued ranching and building his archive of material relating to the conflicts between the Federal government and the Nez Perce and Yakama tribes. (On June 9, 1909, McWhorter became an adopted member of the Yakima Nation. His Indian moniker "Big Foot" attested to the high esteem and affection in which he was held by his Indian friends and associates.) At the same time, he gathered material relating to Indian culture and the legal status of various tribes after the conclusion of the Indian wars in the 1870s. In 1914 McWhorter met author Cristal McLeod, or Mourning Dove, a Colville (Washington) woman of mixed Indian-white descent who had worked up a draft of a semi-autobiographical novel called Co-ge-we-a, The Half Blood: A Depiction of the Great Montana Cattle Range. In a collaborative effort, McWhorter and McLeod devoted much time and expense on finally getting Cogewea published in 1927. Prior to this, McWhorter had completed work on a historical manuscript dealing with the settlement of the western region of Virginia. This title, The Border Settlers of Northwestern Virginia from 1768 to 1795, was published in 1915. In 1917 his research on the Yakima uprising of 1855 resulted in the publication of The Tragedy of the Wahk-Shum: Prelude to the Yakima Indian War, 1855-1856. McWhorter also worked to advance and secure Indian rights locally and nationally during this time, but the Washington years were especially important in terms of his labors as an amateur historian, linguist, and anthropologist (he was a member of various historical organizations, including the Washington State Historical Society).

Purely by chance, a fateful meeting with prominent Nez Perce War veteran Yellow Wolf in October of 1907 helped McWhorter in his future investigation of the 1877 Nez Perce War and the Nez Perces generally. (Yellow Wolf needed temporary boarding for his horse, and McWhorter courteously obliged!) In the course of compiling material for this posthumously published "Field History" McWhorter worked diligently to acquire and appraise primary and secondary sources. He recorded first-hand Indian oral testimony, maintained an extensive correspondence, and made direct assessments of battle-sites in an effort to establish an accurate and comprehensive account of the 1877 conflict between the Nez Perces and the Federal government. Significantly, his research also included interviews with survivors from the armies of generals Howard, Sturgis, Gibbon, and Miles. McWhorter's historical efforts had the signal value of providing a fresh version of those events based on primary source materials; his books supplemented, supported, or contradicted previously published accounts and interpretations of the same events. Working with Yellow Wolf, and by utilizing the extensive mass of material (including photographs) he had gathered during years of research, McWhorter published Yellow Wolf: His Own Story in 1940. After his death in 1944, Mrs. Ruth Bordin and Professor Herman Deutsch edited and completed McWhorter's larger account of the 1877 Nez Perce War. The manuscript material known as the "Field History" was first published as Hear Me, My Chiefs! in 1952. Lucullus Virgil McWhorter died at the age of 84 in Prosser (North Yakima), Washington, on October 10, 1944. He reflected on his dual role as an advocate and amateur historian of the American Indian in a June 2, 1941 letter to former State College of Washington President E.O. Holland. On being notified that officials at the College had voted to confer on him a Certificate of Merit for his contributions to agriculture and rural life, McWhorter observed that he possessed "No scholastic attainments whatever. My trail just that of a wild, rough and ready field delver. My activities in the Indian domain has [sic] not elevated me in the estimation of the local populace in general."

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Scope and Contents note

The material includes some photocopies of correspondence related to the photographs and individuals therein depicted.

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Arrangement note

The order for these photographs is primarily by format, and within that in a loose subject-based order which parallels their original order.

Boxes 1-7 comprise photographs, boxes 8-11 contain glass plate negatives, and boxes 11-14 are photoengraving plates used in producing McWhorter’s publications. Boxes 16-17 include photographs, with more glass plate negatives at the end of 17. Box 18 is oversized materials, and then box 19 is yet more photographs. Within these, the photographs in box 1 are those used in McWhorter’s books “Hear Me, My Chiefs,” and “Yellow Wolf: His Story.”

In many cases, identifiers of the format yy-nnn are included after an image. These refer to photographic negatives made from the originals between 1970 and 1995 (the pre-digital era), and while those negatives were retained and likely still exist in MASC (PC 149), the numbers are retained here primarily for academic purposes, as they were occasionally used in citing these materials.

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Administrative Information

Publication Information

Manuscripts, Archives, and Special Collections, Washington State University Libraries © 1998

http://www.wsulibs.wsu.edu/masc
Terrell Library
P.O. Box 645610
Pullman, WA, 99164-5610
509-335-6691
mascref@wsu.edu

Conditions Governing Access note

This collection is open for research use.

Processing Information note

The majority of the L.V. McWhorter papers, including photographs, were received at the Washington State University (the Washington State College) Libraries in 1945, and the first comprehensive index was produced in 1959 by Nelson Ault. Circa 1987, the photographs were removed from the papers and redescribed by Carol Lichtenberg. In 2005, the photographs were slightly rearranged by students Katrina Paxton and Mark O’English, primarily maintaining their existing order but collocating identical or similar photographs.

Existence and Location of Copies note

Selected images from this collection have been digitized and can be found online in the: Lucullus V. McWhorter Digital Collection.

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Related Materials

Related Archival Materials note

L.V. McWhorter Native American Artifact Digital Collection

WSU Museum of Anthropology L.V. McWhorter Collection Administrative Records, circa 1959-1999

Separated Materials note

An inventory to the McWhorter Papers ( L.V. McWhorter Papers, 1848-1945, Cage 55) is also available.

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Controlled Access Headings

Corporate Name(s)

  • Historical Photograph Collections. waps --Archives
  • Nez Perce Indians--History
  • Nez Perce Indians--Wars, 1877
  • Nez Perce Indians
  • Yakama Indians--History

Genre(s)

  • Glass negatives. gmgpc waps
  • Portrait photographs. gmgpc waps

Geographic Name(s)

  • Big Hole National Battlefield (Mont.)

Personal Name(s)

  • Joseph, Nez Perce Chief, 1840-1904--Portraits.
  • McWhorter, Lucullus Virgil, 1860-1944--Portraits.
  • McWhorter, Lucullus Virgil, 1860-1944. --Archives
  • Mourning Dove, 1888-1936--Portraits.
  • Yellow Wolf, 1855-1935--Portraits.

Subject(s)

  • Idaho
  • Indians of North America--Idaho
  • Montana
  • Native Americans
  • Photographs
  • Washington (State)

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Collection Inventory

Photographs 

PHOTOGRAPHS USED IN "YELLOW WOLF, HIS OWN STORY" 

Box Folder

(l to r): Thomas Hart, interpreter, Yellow Wolf and McWhorter, with note, 1908 

1 1

Medal presented to Yellow Wolf by McWhorter, 1909, 82-040 

1 1

Indian Agent John B. Monteith, c. 18??, 81-002, 81-094 

1 1

Yellow Wolf, 1908, 70-250 

1 1

Ayatootonmi (Yellow Wolf's wife), and son 

1 1

Jasper, with note, 1908, 82-05 

1 1

Nez Perce camp on L.V. McWhorter's ranch, Yakima, WA with note, 1908, 70-228 

1 1

Lepeet Hessemdooks (Two Moons), with note, 1908, 82-055 

1 1

Wetyetmas Wahyakt (Swan Necklace, also known as John Minthon, Minthorn), 82-017 

1 1

Northernmost cemetery butte, White Bird Battlefield, with note, 1930, 82-062 

1 1

Chelloyeen (Bow and Arrow Case), later known as Phillip Evans, with note, 1932, 82-063 

1 1

Yellow Wolf's rifle, with note, 82-035 

1 1

Looking toward the Clearwater Battlefield, with note, 82-059, 1930 

1 1

Rock-crowned butte, White Bird Battlefield, with note, 82-061, 1930 

1 1

South end of White Bird Battlefield, 82-060 

1 1

Slope above the Big Hole River, 1927, 82-005 

1 1

Hunting bow and arrows (Pahka Pahtahnk's) used in the Battle of the Big Hole, 82-041 

1 1

The Smoking Lodge, 1930, 82-048 

1 1

Down the Clearwater from the battlefield, 1930, 82-059 

1 1

Wetatonmi (WeWetatommi), wife of Ollokot, with note, 82-051 

1 1

White Feather (Andrew Garcia's wife) 1878, 82-068 

1 1

Timbered slope to which soldiers retreated, 1937, 82-047 

1 1

Yellow Wolf re-enacting a battle scene, 1927, 87-008 

1 1

Penahwenonmi (Helping Another), wife of Wounded Head, 1927, 91-142 

1 1

Looking at battle site (Yellow Wolf and Many Wounds), 81-051, 1927 

1 1

Looking north on the battlefield, 1937, 82-046 

1 1

Relics of the Nez Perce War 

1 1

Bear Paw Battlefield, looking south, 1932, 82-014 

1 1

Yellow Wolf at Chief Joseph's grave, 1926, 82-058 

1 1

Yellow Wolf's grave in Colville Indian Reservation, 82-029 

1 1

Col. Gibbon's ill-fated howitzer 

1 1

Chuslum Moxmox (Yellow Bull), 82-021 

1 1

The last stand of Lieutenant Rains, 2 views, with notes, 1932, 70-232, 82-057 

1 1

Chief Ollokot (with Middle Bear and Wetyetmas Likleinen, also known as Circling Swan), with note, 1876, 80-014 

1 1

Chief Joseph, 82-052 

1 1

Wottolen and his son Many Wounds, 1926, 82-054 

1 1

Panoramic view of White Bird Battlefield, 1930 

1 1

South end of White Bird Battlefield, 1929, 82-064, 82-065 

1 1

Northwest slope of Clearwater Battlefield, 82-049 with note, 1929 

1 1

Diagramming the Big Hole Battlefield, 2 views of Yellow Wolf and Many Wounds, 1927, 82-009, 82-010 

1 1

Bend of river, Big Hole Battlefield, 1927, 82-045 

1 1

Yellow Wolf demonstrating position of dead soldier, 1927, 82-007 

1 1

Eloosykasit (John Pinkham, One Standing on a High Point Signaling), 82-053 

1 1

Yiyi Wasumwah, Yellow Wolf's mother, 80-035 

1 1

Where Ollokot fell, 82-044 

1 1

Nez Perce rifle pit on Bear Paw Battlefield, with note, 1932 

1 1

Re-enacting the fate of Wahlitits, with note 1927, 82-006 

1 1

Wahlitits' Enfield rifle, with note 

1 1

Yellow Wolf's aids in battle, 82-034 

1 1

South end of White Bird Battlefield, 1930, 82-064, 82-065 

1 2

Northwest Slope of Clearwater Battlefield, 82-049 

1 2

Panoramic view of White Bird Battlefield 

1 2

Yellow Wolf, 1908 

1 2

Weyetmas Wahyakt (Swan Lace) 

1 2

Relics of the Nez Perce War: Husis Owyen's drinking horn, Peo Peo Tholekt's war whistle, Chief Joseph's quirt and pipe 

1 2

Chuslum Moxmox (Yellow Bull) 

1 2

Wetatonmi (WeWetatommi), wife of Ollokot 

1 2

PHOTOGRAPHS USED IN "HEAR ME, MY CHIEFS" 

Box Folder

Chief Ollokot (left), and Wetyetmas Likleinen, 1876 Wallowa Lake, OR (HM), 70-225 

1 3

Indian Agent John B. Monteith with James Reuben, Archie Lawyer, and Mark Billy, Nez Perce converts, circa 1879, with notes (HM), 81-094 

1 3

Original Lapwai Indian Agency, 2 copies with note (HM), 70-226 

1 3

Yellow Wolf's tipi and son Jasper at McWhorter's ranch, Yakima, WA, 1908, 2 copies, 70-227, 70-267 

1 3

Nez Perce camp at McWhorter's ranch, Yakima, WA, 1908, 2 views, with copies (YW), 70-228 

1 3

Nez Perce women breaking camp, McWhorter's ranch, Yakima, WA, 1908, 3 copies with note, 70-229 

1 3

Oldest house on the Nez Perce Indian Reservation 1939, 3 copies 

1 3

The Old Spalding Mission, 3 copies (HM), 81-095 

1 3

Old cabin built by Jackson Sundown, Nez Perce, on the Indian Reservation, 1930, 2 copies (HM), 81-096 

1 3

cabin used by Chief Joseph at the Nez Perce Reservation at Lapwai, ID, (HM), 70-230 

1 3

Home of Chief Peo Peo Tholekt near Spalding, ID, 2 copies (HM), 81-097 

1 3

Upper portion of Whitebird Canyon; view toward Whitebird Village, 1932 

1 3

Whitebird Canyon, 1932, 4 photos 

1 3

Looking Glass' village site; l to r: Many Wounds, McWhorter, Yellow Wolf, and Peo Peo Tholekt, 2 copies (HM), 81-098 

1 3

Nez Perce Rock breast-works and trenches at the Clearwater Battlefield, 1927, 2 views, 2 copies each 

1 3

Cliff on the Clearwater River, with note, 2 copies, 1934 

1 3

Crest of cliff, Clearwater River with notes, 2 copies, 1934 

1 3

White Bird Canyon Looking up the Caches, l to 'r': L.V. McWhorter, Many Wounds, Peo Peo Tholekt, 2 copies, 1928 

1 3

Burial buttes, White Bird Battlefield, 2 copies 

1 3

Grave of William Foster 

1 3

White Bird Canyon looking toward Salmon River, 2 copies 

1 3

Overlooking the Whitebird Battlefield 2 copies(HM), 81-099 

1 3

The "Smoker" rocks barricade, Clearwater Battlefield, 1930 

1 3

Monument at site Nez Perce War started, 1932 

1 3

Nez Perce rifle pits, Clearwater Battlefield, l to r: Peo Peo and L.V. McWhorter, 1930, 2 cop, 70-231 

1 3

Boulder group erroneously claimed to be site of Lt. Rains party's last stand, with note, 1939 

1 3

Rock cluster where Lt. Rains and company supposedly fell, Cottonwood skirmish, 2 views, (YW), 82-057 

1 3

Rock formation where Lt. Rains and company were killed, Clearwater Battlefield, 4 copies, 70-232 

1 3

Scene of Rains fight 

1 3

Battlefield site with Chief Joseph's memorial on left, Foster's grave on right, arrow marking rock cluster 

1 3

Clearwater Battlefield, 2 views, 4 copies 

1 3

Clearwater Battlefield; arrow points to rock formation where Lt. Rains and company had their last stand, with letter, notes, 1935 

1 3

Site where Nez Perce crossed the Clearwater River (Kamiah Crossing), beginning their retreat over the Lolo Trail, 2 copies, (HM), 82-001 

1 3

Joseph's memorial (across from Foster's Grave), with Yellow Wolf, Peo Peo Tholekt, and Many Wounds, 2 copies, 70-231 

1 3

Lolo Trail, over which the Nez Perce retreated (HM), 82-002 

1 3

Marker at site of Fort Fizzle 

1 3

Flathead Indians at Medicine Tree, Bitterroot Valley (HM), 82-003 

1 3

Flathead Chief Charlot (Charlow?), with Sherrill brothers 

1 3

Flathead Chief Charlot, with letters 

1 3

Medicine Tree, Bitterroot Valley, with letters, and compass location diagram (HM), 82-004 

1 3

Chief White Hawk at Medicine Tree, Lolo Trail, 1935 

2 4

3 views of Big Hole Battlefield, 1930, 1933 

2 4

Tree felled by Gibbon's men to check snipers, with letters, 1913, 81-052 

2 5

Nez Perce campsite, Big Hole Valley, time of Col. Gibbon's attack, 79-099 

2 5

View of the area to which Gibbon's troops withdrew after initial attack, Big Hole Battlefield (HM), 70-236 

2 5

View down draw, Big Hole Battlefield, 81-090 

2 5

Draw where several soldiers were killed, Big Hole Battlefield 

2 5

Rifle pit remains, Big Hole Battlefield 

2 6

Soldiers' rifle pits remains, Big Hole Battlefield (HM), 70-235 

2 6

Twin trees Where Indian sharpshooter was located, Big Hole Battlefield 

2 6

Bullet holes in trees, Big Hole Battlefield 

2 6

Cannon captured by Indians, Big Hole Battlefield, 70-233 

2 6

Slope above Big Hole River Where first Indian (Natalekin) was killed by Gibbon's men, 1927, 2 copies, (YW), 82-005 

2 7

Yellow Wolf at site Where Hohots Elohot was saved, Big Hole Battlefield, 1927, (YW), 81-051 

2 7

Where Wahlitits was killed, Big Hole Battlefield, 2 views, 3 copies on one, 2 of other, (1927?), 82-006 

2 7

Where Rainbow was killed, Big Hole Battlefield, 2 copies, 1927, 70-234 

2 7

Yellow Wolf demonstrating death of a soldier, 3 copies, 1927, (YW), 82-007 

2 8

Location of a warrior's death, Big Hole Battlefield, 2 copies, 1927 

2 8

Yellow Wolf re-enacting a battle scene, Big Hole Battlefield, 2 copies, 1927, 82-008 

2 8

Yellow Wolf and Many Wounds Diagramming the Big Hole Battlefield, 2 views, 2 copies each, 1927, (YW), 82-009, 82-010 

2 8

View of Big Hole Valley, 1933, 82-011 

2 8

Lone pine tree N.E. of soldier entrenchments, Big Hole Battlefield, 1927 

2 8

Scene of the Camas Meadows Battle, 2 copies with letters, map in Oversize Box 18 (HM), 82-012, 82-013 

2 9

Scenes of the Camas Meadows Battlefield, numbered 1-7, 9, 11, and A-J, 2 copies of each 

2 9

Bugler Brooks' grave, 82-013 

2 10

11 scenes of Camas Meadows, 1950 

2 10

Indian trail markers, with note, 1935 

2 10

Where Nez Perce forded the Yellowstone River, (HM), 70-237 

2 10

At Baronett's Bridge, Yellowstone River, where Gen. Howard's troops crossed 

2 10

View across Canyon Creek Battlefield, with letter, 1935, 70-238 

2 11

Canyon Creek, 1933, 70-239 

2 11

Entrance Canyon Creek Gorge, 2 copies (HM), 70-240 

2 11

Where Gen. Howard lowered his wagon by rope at Canyon Creek, Yellowstone River, 2 views, 70-246 

2 11

scene Where wagon train was destroyed at Cow Creek, 2 views, 70-242, 70-243 

2 11

Nez Perce camp in Bear Paw Mountains (HM), 70-241 

2 12

Battlefield in Bear Paw Mountains, 8 views, 1932, 82-014 

2 12

Point of rocks -- Bear Paw Mountain Battlefield, 4 views, (HM), 70-244 

2 12

Scene of Ollokot's death, 2 copies, (HM), 82-015 

2 13

Site of Peo Peo Tholekt's duel with a Cheyenne, Bear Paw Mountains, 2 views, 3 copies of one, with letters 

2 13

Soldiers' burial pit, Bear Paw Mountains Battlefield, 1932, 70-245 

2 13

Bullet-marked boulders, Bear Paw Mountains Battlefield, 2 views, with letter, 1932 

2 13

Battle monuments, Bear Paw Mountains Battlefield 2 copies, 1932 

2 13

Plaque commemorating Chief Joseph's surrender to Col. Miles, Bear Paw Mountains Battlefield, 2 views, 1931 

2 13

Nez Perce rock pits at Battle of Clearwater, 2 copies, 1928 (HM), 82-016 

2 13

Half Moon (Nez Perce), 2 copies, 70-273 

2 14

John Minthon (Minthorn, Wetyetmas Wahyakt or Swan Necklace) (YW), 82-017 

2 14

Chief Joseph and A.C. Smith, 3 copies 

2 14

Chief Joseph, 3 views with letter, 1938 (HM), 70-0149, 82-052 

2 15

Yellow Wolf, 1909, 80-040 

2 15

Yellow Wolf, enlargement in Oversize Box 18, 1908 (HM), 70-249 

2 15

Ayatootonmi and Jasper (Yellow Wolf's wife and son), 4 copies, 1908, 80-056 

2 15

Home of Yellow Wolf, 1935 

2 15

Many Wounds (Sam Lott), interpreter, 2 copies, 1931 (HM), 82-018 

2 15

Many Wounds, 2 views, 1931 

2 15

Many Wounds, 2 copies 

2 15

Sam Lott (Many Wounds) at home in Lapwai, ID, 2 copies 

2 15

Sam Lott's daughter (Rena Katherine Lott Ramsey), 2 copies, 91-075 

2 15

Ollokot, brother of Chief Joseph, 4 copies, 1 drypoint etching, 1877, (HM), 82-019 

2 16

Black Eagle, 3 views, 3 copies of one, 1931, and 1 snapshot, with letter from Lott 1943, 82-020 

2 16

Black Eagle's family 

2 16

Comedown (George Comedown, Eagle-Making-a-Roar, Roaring 

2 16

Chief Yellow Bull, 3 copies, (YW) 

2 16

Rascal Grizzly Youth, circa 1909, 2 copies 

2 17

Yellow Bear or Yellow Grizzly (Ka-koch Mox-mox-hin) with wife Pe-walo-zon-mi, circa 1896, 2 copies, with letter and note re picture of Kue-kul-lis-li-lihkin, Yellow Bear, Charley Moses, Ips-tsu-la-nen (picture not included) 

2 17

Indians who negotiated ineffective Treaty of 1863 (1868?); seated: Timothy (Tamootssu), [Chief] Lawyer, and [Chief]Jason; standing: unidentified, Robert Newell, unidentified, unidentified, 3 copies with letters notes, (Ugen-mal-ligkin mentioned, no picture) (HM), 70-251 

2 17

Pekt-telkl and Meltz, both Flatheads, 2 copies, circa 1896 

2 17

Unidentified, Chief Joseph, A.B. Meacham, Yellow Bull, Arthur I. Chapman, with letter, 70-252 

2 17

Thomas Waters, interpreter; 2 copies with letter, note, 87-109 

2 17

Andrew Garcia, 3 views 

2 18

Thomas Lindsey (Lindsley) (Wat-yu-tsa-kaun), with letter 2 cop, Thomas Lindsey (Lindsley) and family in wagon, 3 views 84-038 

2 18

Kau-ul-kis-kis (Kau-ul-kish-kish), Nez Perce warrior, 2 copies 

2 18

Charley Moses, Nez Perce, 2 copies 

2 18

Sergeant Charles N. Loynes, 2 copies, (HM), 82-022 

2 19

Loynes's bullet-pierced shirt, 2 copies of 2 views, with notes 

2 19

William C. Slaper, Troop M, 7th Cavalry (1876-1877) 

2 19

Sergeant John P. Schorr, 2 copies, 82-023 

2 19

Lt. Harry Lee Bailey, 4 copies, 1881 

2 20

Barnett H. Wilkins; 1 photo, with letter, 1877 

2 20

Stanton Gilbert Fisher, chief scout for Gen. Howard, with letter, circa 1905 

2 20

Col. W.R. Parnell, 4 copies with letter, 70-254 

2 20

Theodore W. Goldin, 7th U.S. Cavalry 

2 20

Lt. Lovell H. Jerome, 1871, 70-255 

2 21

Pine tree with Indian markings, Bear Gulch, ID; with poem/let, notes (HM), 82-024 

2 21

Peo Peo Tholekt on bluff overlooking Whitebird, 2 copies 

2 21

Peo Peo Tholekt's sweathouse, 2 copies (HM), 82-025 

2 21

Chief Peo Peo Tholekt, 3 copies, 1931 (HM), 91-143 

2 21

Chief Peo Peo Tholekt, 70-248 

2 21

Chief Peo Peo Tholekt, 6 views (some with McWhorter), 2 copies of one, 1911-17, enlargement in Oversize Box 18 

2 21

Peo Peo Tholekt, 4 photos 

2 21

Peo Peo Tholekt with gun and horse Wild Eye, 2 views, 1909 

2 21

Peo Peo Tholekt, 2 views 

2 21

"The Invocation," Peo Peo Tholekt, 2 copies, 1911, 2 enlargements in Oversize Box 18, 70-265 

2 21

"The Invocation," (side view) Peo Peo Tholekt, 4 copies, 1911, enlargement in Oversize Box 18 

2 21

Peo Peo Tholekt on a war pony, 2 copies, 1911, 79-121 

2 21

Peo Peo Tholekt, 2 views, 91-074 

2 21

Peo Peo Tholekt, 4 views, 1917-1927 

2 21

Pre-War Nez Perce Dreamers, taken Where they lived prior to War of 1877, 3 copies (HM), 82-026 

2 21

Battle of Big Hole and Nez Perce camp, drawn by Peo Peo Tholekt, 1927. Drawing in Map Case, 83-058, 70-256 

2 22

Tipi used by L.V. McWhorter and painted by Peo Peo Tholekt depicting his meeting with Sitting Bull in Canada, in 1877, 4 copies (HM), 82-027 

2 22

Capt. William Clark's Flathead Indian descendants, circa 1913, 2 copies with notes, 70-257 

2 22

Calamity Jane's Cabin--there is a photo but cannot confirm if Jane's- see notes on back of photo 

2 22

Site of Chief Joseph's funeral feast, Nespelem, WA, 2 copies (HM), 82-028 

2 22

Yellow Wolf's grave at Nespelem, WA, 2 views with letter, 80-229 

2 23

Yellow Wolf Monument erected by L.V. McWhorter and friends, 8 copies, 1 neg 

2 23

Yellow Wolf's grave, with marker, 2 views, 1944 

2 23

Reenactment of the burial of Old Chief Joseph, (Wellamotkin), 2 views, (HM), 82-030, 82-031 

2 23

Monument for Old Chief Joseph (Wellamotkin), Wallowa, 2 copies 

2 23

Penahwenonmi or Penah-we-nomi-mi (Helping Another) (seated) wife of Old Shot-in-Head's (Wounded Head), Mrs. Susie White (daughter), and granddaughter, 2 copies, circa 1926 

2 24

Penahwenonmi or Penah-we-nomi-mi (Helping Another), circa 1928 

2 24

Nez Perce warriors Peo Peo Tholekt, Paul Slickpoo, Black Eagle, unidentified, circa 1930, 83-039 

2 24

Black Feather and Many Wounds, 2 views, 2 copies of one 

2 24

Chief Joseph's pipe, pipe stem, and quirt, 2 copies (HM), 82-032 

2 24

Peo Peo Tholekt's drawing of Bear Paw and Big Hole battles, 1911 Drawing in Map Case, negatives included (HM) 

2 24

Saddle made by Penahwenonmi or Penah-we-nomi-mi (Helping Another) (HM), 82-033 

2 24

Yellow Wolf's war club and whistle, 3 copies (YW), 82-034 

3 25

Yellow Wolf's rifle, bow, arrows and quiver, 2 photos, 2 copies of each, 82-035, 82-036 

3 25

Husis Owyen's (Wounded Head or Shot In Head) drinking horn, (HM), 82-037 

3 25

Peo Peo Tholekt's drinking horn, war whistle, flute, 2 copies (HM), 82-038 

3 25

Wounded Head's (Shot In Head) drinking horn and wolfskin fetish, 2 copies (HM), 82-039 

3 25

Yellow Wolf's medal from L.V. McWhorter, 2 copies (YW), 82-040 

3 25

Woman's stirrups of Chief Joseph's war, 2 views 

3 26

Pahka Pahtahank's bow and arrows, 82-041 

3 26

Husis Owyen's cup, Peo Peo Tholekt's whistle, Chief Joseph's quirt and pipe, 82-042 

3 26

Group of Nez Perce: Yellow Wolf, Thomas Lindsey (Lindsley), Ha-waw-no-ilp-ilp (First-Feather-of-the-Wing), unidentified, Crow Blanket, 3 views, 70-258, 70-259 

3 26

Bullet-scarred tree, Big Hole Battlefield (HM) 2 views, 80-044 

3 27

Site of Young Chief Joseph's death, Mrs. Kamiaken standing in field, 3 views with copies, 1935, 82-043 

3 27

Where Ollokot fell, Bear Paw c. 1935, 82-044 

3 27

Rock of no importance, Big Hole Battlefield 

3 28

13 views of Big Hole Battlefield, 2 copies of some, 1937, 82-045, 82-046, 82-047 

3 28

Big Hole Battlefield, 2 photos of trees, 1 of stakes, 1937 

3 28

Big Hole Battlefield stake tabulation, stakes 103, 104 (six views), 125 (2 views), 1938, with letters 

3 29

Stake 125, 4 views, Big Hole Battlefield, 1938, 81-050 

3 29

John Pinkham, Nez Perce, 4 views, 1937, 90-145, 90-146, 90-147, 90-148 

3 29

John Pinkham's barn, Yakama Reservation, 1932 

3 29

Bullet-marked rock at Bear Paw, 2 copies 

3 30

Nez Perce rifle pits, 2 views, Clearwater, 2 and 3 copies each, respectively 

3 30

Big Hole Battlefield, 2 views of area; 2 views of stakes 103, 104, 123, and 125, 1938 

3 30

Site of Nez Perce rendezvous, Yellow Wolf standing, 1927 

3 30

Road to Cook City, 1877 

3 30

Site of Gen. Howard's Camp Cowan, 1929 

3 30

site Where tourists were attacked by Indians 

3 30

Where Nez Perce came Down after Big Hole battle 

3 30

Tolo Lake, Camas Prairie, ID, 2 views 1939 

3 30

Canyon Nez Perce escaped up after Clearwater Battle, 1930 

3 30

Tree cut by relic hunters, 

3 30

Big Hole rifle pit, Big Hole, 1913 

3 30

Looking down the Clearwater River, Idaho, 1930 

3 30

scene on highway leading up the camp, Looking north 

3 30

Big Hole rifle pit, Big Hole, 1913 

3 30

Lapwai Mission Monument 

3 31

7 scenes of Clearwater Battlefield, 1930 

3 31

Soldier's skull, Big Hole Battlefield, 1913 

3 31

Clearwater River 

3 31

Looking across White Bird Highway, 1935 

3 31

Stones at Bear Paw, 1932 

3 31

camp Cowan Marker 

3 31

Gen. Howard's wagon train descent by rope, marker 

3 31

Bear Paw Battlefield with Chief Joseph monument (Missing?, 10-05) 

3 31

Bitterroot Medicine Tree 

3 31

Looking over wheat lands west of Grangeville, Idaho, 1932 

3 31

3 Views from Foster Battlefield, Cottonwood, ID 

3 32

Big Hole Battlefield, MT, 4 views, 2 copies each 

3 32

on the Lolo Trail, White Hawk on rocks 

3 32

Point of Rocks, Bear Paw Mountains Battlefield, 2 views 

3 32

Site where Yellow Wolf killed a soldier, Big Hole, 1938 

3 32

Group on grounds of Clearwater Battle, l to r: unidentified, unidentified, Peo Peo Tholekt, Yellow Wolf, Many Wounds, L.V. McWhorter, (Thomas Hart ?), 2 copies 

3 32

Trench lines, Big Hole Battlefield, 3 views, 1913 

3 32

Smoking Lodge, 

3 32

Clearwater Battle, 3 views, 1913, 82-048 

3 32

N.W. slope, Clearwater Battlefield, 2 views, 82-049 

3 32

Looking Down Clearwater River toward Battlefield, 82-050 

3 32

Clearwater Bluffs 

3 32

Yellow Wolf and Cabin, 3 views with copies 

3 33

Yellow Wolf's mother (yi-yi-wa-som-way or Geese Lighting), 4 copies, 80-035 

3 33

Ollokot's wife (Wetatonmi, WeWetatommi) and children, 2 copies, 82-051 

3 33

John Minthorn, 3 copies 

3 33

John Pinkham, 82-053 

3 33

Thomas L. Broncheau, 2 copies, with note, 87-110 

3 33

Henry Miller, 2 copies, 1930 

3 33

Etwamish (No-Stink), 4 copies 

3 33

Many Wounds and Wottolen82-54 

3 33

Indians on visit to Agate Springs, 1931 

3 33

First Red Feather of the Wing (Ha-waw-no-ilp-ilp), 4 views, 1911, 91-076 

3 33

Two Moons (Lepeet Hessemdooks), 6 copies, 82-055 

3 34

Two Moons and wife (Lets-koho-kates-Weinien), 8 copies, 1908, 80-036, 81-071 

3 34

Chief Joseph, 70-264 

3 34

Chief Joseph's Monument, Nespelem, WA, 5 views 

3 34

Jim Yearn's stone house 

3 34

Mrs. Myrtle Big Man, 1935 

3 34

Big Man and his family (Crow Indians), 3 views, 1935 

3 34

Eagle-Making-a-Roar (Tipye-la-meh-e-la-sinch, George Comedown), 3 poses 

3 35

Yellow Wolf, 1915, 91-077 

3 35

Tree, Bear Paw Mountains, 2 copies 

3 35

Schuyler Colfax wearing war hat and shirt of Lokaut, 2 poses with copies, 1918, plus shirt of Qualchan, 91-109 

3 35

Mrs. Minnie Joe and baby (baby contest winners) 3 copies, with note, copy of news item, 1911 

3 35

Phillip Evans (Chellooyeen), and his home, 2 copies each, 1930 

3 35

Phillip Evans's home, 2 copies, 1935 

3 35

Sitting Rock, his barn, his washtub, and his Summer kitchen, 2 copies each of 3 photos 

3 35

L.V. McWhorter (left) at burial site of Old Chief Joseph, 

3.1 36

Mountain flower growing on Chief Joseph's grave (Wellamotkin), 2 views 

3.1 36

Mourning Dove, Big Foot, Yellow Wolf, Many Wounds, Peo Peo Tholekt (hand only) at Clearwater Battle Monument, 2 copies with note 

3.1 36

Whitebird Battlefield marker, 1932 

3.1 36

Bear Paw Battlefield Monument, 4 views, 1930, 1932 

3.1 36

Monument to Chief Joseph's Surrender, 3 views, 1932 

3.1 36

Wallowa Valley, OR, 2 copies 

3.1 36

Big Hole Battlefield Monument, 1913, 3 views 

3.1 36

Big Hole Chief Joseph Monument, 6 photos, 1928, 1933 

3.1 37

Chief Joseph's Grave 

3.1 37

Yellow Wolf at Chief Joseph's Grave, Nespelem, WA, 1926, 2 copies, 82-058 

3.1 37

Fort Fizzle marker, Lolo Pass, 2 copies, 1935, 80-087 

3.1 37

Chellooyeen (Phillip Evans), 1932 (YW), 82-063 

3.1 38

Cemetery Buttes, Whitebird Canyon, 2 views (YW), 82-062 

3.1 38

Whitebird Battlefield, 2 views (YW), 82-060, 82-061 

3.1 38

Whitebird Canyon, 4 views, 82-064 to, 82-067 

3.1 38

-William Foster's grave, Whitebird Battlefield 

3.1 38

Down the Clearwater from the Battlefield (YW), 82-059 

3.1 38

Salmon River, 2 views 

3.1 38

(Whitebird Battlefield ?) 

3.1 38

"Battle Between the Ant and the Yellow-Jacket," 3 photos of place this Nez Perce legend occurs, 2 copies of each, 1927 

3.1 39

Fort Marion, Florida, 2 copies, 1930 

3.1 40

Villa Serena, Florida, 3 views, 1930 

3.1 40

Royal Palms Drive, Fort Meyer, Florida, 1930 

3.1 40

Captain James H Cook's home, 1932 

3.1 40

Mitche Tavern, birthplace of Patrick Henry, 1930 

3.1 40

John McLaughlin House, Oregon City, Oregon, 1930 

3.1 40

Statue of De Mores, North Dakota, 2 views, 1932 

3.1 40

Location of the Gettysburg Address Monument, 1930 

3.1 40

Monument to Niels Anderson and Mary Christoffersen Anderson Massacred in Idaho by Mormons, 1931, 

3.1 40

Marker of Old Wells Fargo Building, Sacramento, California, 1931 

3.1 40

Marker of Pony Express Terminal, Sacramento, California, 1932 

3.1 40

Marker in memory of Pony Express Riders, Sacramento, California, 2 views, 1932 

3.1 40

Stanford University, Palo Alto, California, 1932 

3.1 40

El Capitan, Yosemite Valley, California, 1932 

3.1 40

Grain fields, Grangeville, Idaho, 1932 

3.1 41

Lewiston, Idaho, 1932 

3.1 41

Big Bend, Soda Springs, Idaho, 1932 

3.1 41

Steamboat Rock, Grand Coulee, Washington, 2 views, 1931, 1932 

3.1 41

Totem Pole, Everett, Washington, 1931 

3.1 41

Dry Falls of the Columbia River, Grand Coulee, Washington, 1931 

3.1 41

Whitman Monument, Waiilatpu, Washington, 1931 

3.1 41

Valley across Seven Devil Mountains, Idaho, 1932 

3.1 41

Multnomah Falls, Oregon, 1932 

3.1 41

Coal Strip Mining, Montana, 6 views, 1930 

3.1 41

View across Death Valley, 1931 

3.1 41

Mitchell Pass on the Old Oregon Trail, 1932 

3.1 41

Road Agents grave markers, Boone Helm, Haze Lyons, and George Lane, Virginia City, Montana 1930 

3.1 41

Teapot Rock, 1932 

3.1 41

Wind Rivers Canyon, Wyoming, 1927 

3.1 41

Bad Lands, South Dakota, 2 views, 1929, 1931 

3.1 41

Devil's Tower, Wyoming, 1931 

3.1 41

Jim Red Cloud's group at James H. Cook's ranch, Agate, NE, 2 photos with notes, 1931 

3.1 42

Medicine Lodge Peace Treaty Pageant, 3 views, with notes, 1932 

3.1 42

Young Comanche Woman, Walters, Oklahoma, 1932 

3.1 42

Scene on Blue Creek, Battle of Ash Hollow, 1931 

3.1 42

View of valley from Fort Benton, 1932 

3.1 42

View of valley of Red Fork, 3 views, 1928 

3.1 42

Looking up the Sand Creek site of the Sand Creek Massacre, 2 views 1931 

3.1 42

Wounded Knee Battlefield, South Dakota, 3 views, 1931 

3.1 42

Marker on battlefield of Beecher Island, 2 copies, 1931 

3.1 42

Fort Laramie, Wyoming, 1932 

3.1 42

Medicine Wheel, Big Horn Mountains, 2 photos, with notes, 1932 

3.1 43

Battle of Little Big Horn, 3 views, 1932 

3.1 43

Scenes from Custer Battlefield Site, Little Big Horn, 22 photos with notes, 1932 

3.1 43

Camas Meadows Battle, 2 photos with letter 

3.1 43

Political cartoon of Carl Schurz and the Indian Bureau, 1879 

3.1 44

Chief Crow Blanket, Nez Perce, (of Chief Joseph's band), 2 views, 1909 

3.1 44

Captain J.L. Humble, 80-039 

3.1 44

Photo of Drawing of the Lower Falls at Yellowstone taken from unidentified book 

3.1 44

Unidentified Individual, Umatilla or Nez Perce Indian 

3.1 44

Ollokot, incorrectly identified as Chief Joseph, with letter, 1877, 80-042 

3.1 44

Lewis and Clark canoe postcard, with note of introduction by Chief Many Wounds, 1935 

3.1 44

Photo of bronze medallion of Kamiakin with letters from James A. Wehn 

3.1 44

Marker at Dead Indian Hill Summit, Park County Wyoming, 1940 

3.1 45

Yellow Wolf with war club and gun, 2 copies, 1917, 80-041 

3.1 45

Duncan McDonald, 5 views with letters, notes, (1922-1927?), 70-253, 80-038, 80-043 

3.1 45

Yellow Wolf and Many Wounds at a Chief Joseph Marker at White Bird, 91-073 

3.1 45

Nez Perce war artifacts in L.V. McWhorter's study 

3.1 46

L.V McWhorter 96-028 

3.1 46

L.V McWhorter, 3 negatives ca. 1940 

3.1 46

L.V. McWhorter, 3 views in his study, 1930, with letters, 91-078 

3.1 46

Charley Olney (Yakama), 1940 (2 images: 1 print, 1 negative) 

3.1 46

Chief Enes (Yakama), 2 copies 

3.1 46

Mildred Schmidtman and her paintings, 1941, with letters 

3.1 46

Homer Morrison 

3.1 46

Nipo Strongheart, with notes, 1927, 70-291 

3.1 46

Yakama warrior, Astoria Centennial, 2 copies, 1911, with copyright note 

4 47

2 Yakamas in war dress with bows drawn, 3 copies, 1911. 2 enlargements in Oversize Box 18 

4 47

Yakama scouts in ambush, 2 copies, 1911 

4 47

Yakama Indian warriors, 2 copies, 1911, 79-124 

4 47

Yakama Indian scouts, 2 copies, 1911 

4 47

"The Interview": L.V. McWhorter writing (Yakama) Indian history, 4 copies, 1911 

4 47

"He-mene Ka-wan (Old Wolf) and Ukut-och-ise (Wild Eye)," 2 copies, 1911 

4 47

Yakama hunter, Tieton Canyon, 2 views, 6 copies, 1923 

4 47

"The Defiance," Yakama rider on hillside, 2 copies, 1911, 79-122 

4 48

"The Challenge," or "Buffalo Boy" of the Yakamas in war regalia, 5 copies, 1911, enlargement in Oversize Box 18, 79-123 

4 48

Two Yakama warriors on horseback (under trees), One identified as Willie John, enlargement in Oversize Box 18 

4 49

Two mounted Yakama warriors (close-up), 3 copies, 1911, 2 enlargements in Oversize Box 18 (ident as Wah-nok-pi and Twee-chan-wish-ah), 79-125 

4 49

Nez Perce at McWhorter's Yakima ranch, 1908, 70-228 

4 49

2 views of two Yakama warriors on horseback (one photograph) 

4 50

Collection of Indian weapons 

4 50

Rush mat lodge, 5 copies, 1912 

4 50

Left and right view of mounted (Yakama?) warrior, 2 copies of each 

4 50

Group of Indians and horses at water trough, 2 copies 

4 50

Large group of Indians in front of their camp, 2 views 

4 50

Photographer photographing a group of Indians 

4 50

Dining room at an Indian village, Kate and Cesar Williams, 91-110 

4 50

Four (Nez Perce ?) before a tipi, Peo Peo Tholekt 3rd from left, 2 copies 

4 50

Histo, also called White Earth, Topplish, or Oyster, 4 views, 1911, 81-060 

4 51

Scene on the Satus River (Tom-man-cha-tah-nee-kohpt), 3 views, 1906, 90-051 

4 51

Kate and Cesar Williams and family, 70-266, 70-267, 70-414 

4 51

Two (Yakama?) mothers with babies, 2 views 

4 51

Indian graves (Yah-ya-tosh) on the Yakama Reservation, 2 views, 1912, 1913 

4 51

Indian mother and Two children 

4 51

Yakama Indian hunters 4 views, 1912 

4 51

Elder woman before tipi, 2 copies 

4 52

Che-che-mah (Frank So-Happy), 1913, 70-268 

4 52

Two views each of three unidentified chiefs 

4 52

3 postcards of Unidentified Indians 

4 52

Postcard from Mexico 

4 52

2 views, girl and baby, Sunnyside Dam, 1924 

4 53

3 scenes at Wanawish Fishery, Yakima River 90-064, 90-065 

4 53

5 scenes at Selilo (Celilo) Falls, Columbia River, 1930, 1939 

4 53

3 views, Indians fishing at Sunnyside Dam, 1918 

4 53

William Charley's boy catching grasshoppers and fishing with them, 6 photo series, 2 copies of each 

4 53

Tipi at Sunnyside fishing camp, 2 copies, 1925 

4 54

Girl with two pet coyotes, Sunnyside fishing camp, 2 copies, 1925 

4 54

Indians fishing at Prosser Dam, 2 copies, 1918 90-061 

4 54

4 fishing scenes, Sunnyside Dam, Yakama Indians, 2 copies of each, 1925 

4 54

Fishing from scaffolding at Sunnyside Dam, 2 copies with note, 1925 

4 54

An Indian (Olney's) family's fishing camp, 8 photos, with notes 

4 54

Indian dances, Astoria Centennial, 1911, 70-269 

4 55

Ancient war dance of the Yakamas, 1911, 70-270 

4 55

Indian camp (Yakama Village) at Astoria Centennial grounds, 

4 55

3 views, 1911, enlargement in Oversize Box 18 

4 55

Astoria Centennial, scenes from the play Bridge of the Gods, 1911 

4 55

3 scenes from the drama "Bridge of the Gods," 1911 

4 55

Looking up Young River from Centennial Park, 1911 

4 55

Yakama Indians, Astoria Centennial, 1911 

4 55

Astoria Centennial Exhibit Building, 1911 

4 55

Goodwin children fishing, 1918 

4 56

The Goodwin children and lambs, Wenas, WA, 3 views, 1918 

4 56

Indian woman in her garden, 2 views 

4 56

Indian family in front of White Swan Grill 

4 56

Two diseased horses - Humane work 

4 57

Horse corpse 

4 57

Yakima irrigation: Louis Mann and L.V. McWhorter at Ahtanum Canal headgate, 1911 

4 57

9 photos of unidentified Yakama Indians 

4 57

Jim Wallahee, 1917 

4 57

5 photos of Minnie McCoy, 1917 

4 57

Tam-a-wash, Wife of Captain Billie, 1918 

4 57

5 scenes of funeral feast of wife of Chief We-yallup Wa-yacica 

4 57

Scene on David Tulee Ranch, Satus, WA, 2 copies, 1919 

4 58

Chief Sluskin's house 

4 58

2 views, belongs to James Paches, Wapato, WA 

4 58

7 views, Simon George's water flume, head of Payute Ditch, with copies, 1920 

4 58

Battle of Toppenish - Smartlowit, with Emmet Peters, Tokiaken Twi-wash, and Joe Smartlowit, 9 photos, 2 copies of each, with notes, 1920 

4 59

Rock circle barricades, Battle of Toppenish, Yakama Indian War, 1917 

4 59

Front view of Butte, Battle of Toppenish, Yakama Indian War, 3 views 1917, 70-271 

4 59

Gambling - Bone Game, Yakamas, 3 copies, 1915 

4 59

Women gambling, Yakamas, 3 copies, 1915 

4 59

Great Bone Game, Yakamas, 2 views, 1915 

4 59

Gambling - Yakama mid-summer celebration, 3 copies, 1915 

4 59

Fort Simcoe, 1932, 70-284 

4 60

Small blockhouse outside Fort Casey, Whidbey Island, 2 copies, 1917 

4 60

Cannon found in wreckage on Cannon Beach, 1925 

4 60

Blockhouse, City Park, Goldendale, WA 

4 60

Old Port in Chehalis Co., WA 

4 60

14 colored picture postcards Chief Bear Goes in the Wood, Chief Lone Wolf, Chief Little White Cloud, Wanita Redbird, Unidentified Cherokee, Unidentified Blackfeet, Unidentified Comanche, 

4 61

4 colored picture postcards, Blackfeet in Glacier National Park, Montana, 1912 

4 61

2 souvenir folders: "Blackfeet Indians - Glacier National Park" 

4 61

1 colored picture postcard, Basket Weavers, Seattle, Washington, 1910 

4 61

1 colored picture postcard, Umatilla Reservation, Washington 

4 61

11 colored picture postcards, River scenes of Washington State 

4 61

Colored picture postcard, Logging in Elwha Valley, Washington 

4 61

19 colored picture postcards, nature and miscellaneous scenes from California, Oregon, Idaho, Montana, Iowa, Missouri, West Virginia, Minnesota, Massachusetts, New Jersey, unidentified locations 

4 61

Unidentified Indian Woman with children 

4 62

Chief Robert Spott. One pho toin Army uniform, One in tribal dress 

4 62

Black and white postcard, Umatilla Chiefs at Pendleton, Oregon Roundup, 1911 

4 62

Black and White picture postcard, Smoholly and brother, leader of the Dreamers 

4 62

Black and White picture postcard, Bannock Indians, Salmon, Idaho 

4 62

3 black and white picture postcards, Unidentified Indians 

4 62

20 black-and-white picture postcards, various subjects (incl. Fink Monument, West Virginia, Col. William McWhorter grave, "Bridge of the Gods") 

4 62

7 scenes of the Walla Walla Frontier Days, 1915, with note, let, 70-272 

4 63

Unidentified house or barn 

4 63

Primitive Tipi, Yo-kosh (Horn) and wife, Yakama Reservation, Washington 

4 63

Falls of Tom-wan-cha-tah nee, Satus River, Yakama Indian Reservation, Washington 

4 63

Indian Grave, Yakama Indian Reservation, Washington, 1912 

4 63

Ferry on the Columbia River, 1911 

4 63

Indian Dug Out boat, Pacific Ocean, 2 views 

4 63

Yakama Indian Reservation, Washington 

4 63

Unidentified men and women on horseback, 7 views with copies 

4 63

Tipis on foothills, unidentified men and women, 3 views 

4 63

Mrs. Josephine Augustus Yemowat, 2 copies, 1912 

4 63

Whe-ach (sweat house), 2 copies, 1911 

4 63

Sweat house & LV McWhorter, Priest Rapids, 1938. 

4 63

A summer house of the Yakamas, 1906 

4 63

Typical Yakama Indian barn, 1912 

4 63

Yakama Tribal Wedding Scene, Bridal Party Arriving with Gifts, 1911 

4 63

Unidentified landscape, 3 views 

4 63

Unidentified family in front of Home 

4 63

Picture postcard of Unidentified Indian Man and Woman 

4 63

Indian built house, Yakama Indian Reservation, 2 views with copies, 1918 

4 63

27 photos, detailed below, considered and used in The Continued Crime Against the Yakimas, 1915, with caption cards 

4.1 64

Home of Charley 3 copies, Ross, 1915 

4.1 64

View of Sam Goudy's 40 acres, 2 copies, 1915 

4.1 64

Abandoned home of Jonnie Klickitat, 1915 

4.1 64

Ruins of Sam Goudy's ditch, 1915 

4.1 64

Former home of Albert Tepa-le-ka, 1915 

4.1 64

Remains of Charley Roses's orchard, 1915 

4.1 64

Abandoned sixty acres of Luke Wappit, 1915 

4.1 64

Home of Joe Minot, 1915 

4.1 64

Louis Mann looking for water, 1915 

4.1 64

Mower in Mr. Peterson's forty acre alfalfa, 1915 

4.1 64

Mr. Peterson's orchard irrigated with stolen water, 1915 

4.1 64

Taylor home and orchard supplied with stolen water, 1915 

4.1 64

Louis Mann's useless and dry water flume, 1915 

4.1 64

Simon Goudy and his water wheel, 1915 

4.1 64

Abandoned home William Adams, 1915 

4.1 64

Unidentified individuals in front of McWhorter's home, 5 views 

4.1 64

McWhorter with Unidentified Woman in front of Home 

4.1 64

Automobile on dirt road, driver not identified, 2 copies 

4.1 64

Fields, 4 views 

4.1 64

David Williams on horseback, 1910 

4.1 64

Group (at Walla Walla Frontier Days ?): David Williams, Lepeet Hessemdooks (Two Moons), Yellow Wolf, Peo Peo Tholekt, (Many Wounds ?), L.V. McWhorter, Jackson Sundown,, 91-112 

4.1 64

White Feather, wife of Andrew Garcia, 2 copies, 82-068 

4.1 64

6 photos of drawings from Frank D. Carpenter's The Wonders of Geyser Land 

4.1 64

Yakama Indian barn 

4.1 65

Yakama storage building, 2 copies, 1917 

4.1 65

Yakama irrigating his garden by hand pump, 2 copies, 1917 

4.1 65

Louis Mann and his dry flume, 2 views, 1915 

4.1 65

2 scenes, Yakama Indians picking strawberries, May, 1918, 84-036 

4.1 65

Unidentified farm scene 

4.1 65

Hay harvest 

4.1 65

Indian woman spinning wool carded by hand with young girl looking on, 3 views, 1918 

4.1 65

Yakama Indian children running foot races on banks of the Columbia, 1918 

4.1 65

Yakama hunters, April, 1925, 2 copies 

4.1 66

Yakama hunters on horseback, 2 copies, 1925 (?) 

4.1 66

Yakama hunters, April, 1925, 2 copies 

4.1 66

Yakama hunters camp scene, 2 views, 2 copies each, 1925 

4.1 66

Two hunters at campsite; three campers at campsite, 2 copies each 

4.1 66

Cooking supper, Columbia River, May, 1918, 2 views, 2 copies, 1918, 90-062 

4.1 67

Yakama gathering a medicine herb seed, 2 copies, 1917 

4.1 67

Baking camas roots and edible moss, 2 copies, 1917 

4.1 67

Home of Wasco Jim, (Wasco Jim Peters, Sitting Rock, Ie-keep-swah) 3 copies, 1918, 90-063 

4.1 67

Ho-lite's (Captain Billie) long house, 2 copies, 1918 

4.1 67

Ho-lite (Captain Billie) gathering wood, 2 views, 3 copies, 1918 

4.1 67

An-a-who-a (Mary Pilkins), narrator of Bridge of the Gods, May, 3 copies, 1917 

4.1 67

Feed corral of Billie Captain (Ho-lite), 2 views, 5 copies, 1918 

4.1 67

Billie Captain (Ho-lite), 2 views, 5 copies1918 

4.1 67

Drying eels on the Columbia River, 4 copies, 1918 

4.1 67

Yakama hunters, 3 copies, 1912 

4.1 68

Hunting camp, 2copies, 1932 84-067 

4.1 68

Hunting camp next to unidentified river, 2 copies 

4.1 68

Gambling scene, hunting trip, 2 copies with note, 1921 

4.1 68

Canvas tent in woods, 2 copies 

4.1 68

Hunters on horseback, 2 views, 1924 90-057 

4.1 68

Unidentified men in camp, 3 copies, circa 1924 

4.1 68

Indian hunters, 5 views, 8 copies, with notes, 1924 

4.1 69

Tribal hunt, 4 views, 1924 

4.1 69

Mounted Yakama hunters, 2 views, 4 copies, 1925 

4.1 69

Tribal hunt camp, Wenas Creek, 1927 

4.1 69

Hunting camp, 5 views, 5 copies 

4.1 69

Elk hunters butchering and drying meat, 4 views 

4.1 69

Two unidentified men on hillside, 2 views, 4 copies 

4.1 69

Nature scene near pond, 2 copies 

4.1 69

Young women posing in front of a model T automobile 

4.1 69

Yellow Wolf, 11 views, 12 copies, 1909-1926, 70-275 

4.1 70

Yellow Wolf with McWhorter and 3 unidentified individuals, studio portrait 

4.1 70

Yellow Wolf with McWhorter and child, 3 views 

4.1 70

White Hawk and Unidentified Man 

4.1 70

White Hawk, McWhorter, and Unidentified individuals in front of Stephen Tyng Mather's marker, 5 views 

4.1 70

Unidentified individuals standing next to Bear's Paw Battle Field marker, circa 1920s 

4.1 70

Hiker Looking over scenic vista 

4.1 70

Unidentified Chief 

4.1 70

Simon Goudy, 4 copies 1912 

4.1 70

Simon Goudy's children and nephew (on left), Yakamas, 2 views, 3 copies, 1918, 85-095 

4.1 70

Part of Simon Goudy's cattle herd, 2 copies, 1918 

4.1 70

Simon Goudy's children and nephew (on left), Yakamas, 2 views, 1918 

4.1 70

In horse Heaven country, Yakima Co. 

4.1 70

Mrs. Kate Williams (Yes-to-lah-lemy), 2 views 

4.1 70

Pack train, Goldendale County, Washington, circa 1916 

5 71

On the English warship "Shearwater", Astoria, OR 16 photos with letter, Yakama and Nez Perce on board, 1911 

5 71

Mourning Dove, 9 poses, 5 copies of one, 2 are enlargements in Oversize Box 18 (CO), 70-287, 70-289, 79-002, 81-008, 83-077, 89-052, 95-133, 95-134, 95-135 

5 71

Yellow Wolf White Thunder, 1911, 2 copies 

5 71

6 photos of Yakama infants and children, circa 1918 

5 72

Yakama young girls, studio portrait, "Yakama's Belles" 

5 72

6 photos of underground structures and feature, 2 copies of each 

5 72

Locating the scene of the Bolon tragedy, with notes, 4 views, June, 1917 

5 72

Locating scene of the Bolon tragedy, 8 photos with copies, notes 

5 73

Dedication of the Bolon Monument, 2 views, 1918 

5 73

Views of the Bolon Monument and grave, 6 photos, with copies, notes 

5 73

L.V. McWhorter and William Charley at the Bolon Monument, 5 views, 1915, 1917 

5 73

William Charley and wife (Ni-yah-tut or Hah-his-tan) at the Bolon Monument, 1918 

5 73

Ni-yah'-tut or Hah-his-tan, Yakama (wife of William Charley) 

5 73

Mrs. William Charley with baby doing beadwork, 2 photos with copies, 1917 

5 73

Chipmunk's Burial Ground (legend place), Yakama Reservation, 4 views, with copies, 17 photos, 1917 

5 73

Charlie Saluskin on Mt. Tahoma (Rainier), as warrior, fisherman, and bathing, 12 photos with copies, 1925,1926 

5 74

Small figurine of a hunter 

5 74

Cracking hazelnuts around campfire, Yakama Village, Tahoma National Park, 1 copy, 1925 

5 74

Jim Meninock (1918) and the feast at his camp (1917), 6 photos with copies, notes 90-059 

5 74

Yakama gambling, card game, Chief We-yallap Wa-ya-cika on right, 1917 

5 75

Yakama Council regarding registering for military service, Chief Meninocts present, with notes, 2 copies, 1915 

5 75

Yakamas gambling after close of council, with notes, 2 copies, 1917 

5 75

Yakama version of game horse shoes, after close of council, with notes, 2 copies, 1917 

5 75

Yakamas day after close of horse roundup, with notes, 2 copies, 1917 

5 75

George Wynico on horse, 2 copies, 1924 

5 75

Trail scene, Dry Creek Canyon, Yakama Indian Reservation, 3 views with copies, 1917 

5 75

Wild horses on Yakama Indian Reservation, 1915 

5 75

Trail scenes with horses and unidentified individual, 2 views 

5 75

Magpie nest on a desert sage, 2 copies with note, 1920 

5 75

Waterfall, Boulder Cave, 4 copies, 1921 

5 75

4 views of rattlesnakes, with copies 

5 75

Dead horse on road, 2 views with copies 

5 75

Yakamas Dance Pavilion near White Swan, WA, 4 copies, 1918 

5 76

Typical rush mat house of the Yakamas, 9 views with copies, 1906-1919 

5 76

Yakama Pom-pom house, Yakama Reservation, 2 views with copies 

5 76

Yakama Root Diggers in Camp, 2 copies, 1917 

5 76

Weasel Skin in front of rush mat tipi, 2 copies, 1915 

5 76

Unidentified man on horseback in front of tipi, 3 copies 

5 76

Yellow Wolf's tipi, 1928 

5 76

Eley Smarty and baby before tipi, 2 copies, 1915 

5 76

Chief "Memnock's" Fishing Camp, Yakama Indian Reservation, 2 views with copies, 1917, 1919 

5 76

Indian hunters off for the canyon, Yakama Indian Reservation, 2 copies, 1912 

5 76

Yakama Root Diggers camped near timberline, Yakama Indian Reservation 

5 76

Unidentified Girl in front of Tipi 

5 76

Two unidentified Yakama men with infant in cradle board, 3 views 

5 76

Two Unidentified children, Tipi in background 

5 76

Yakama tipi, 15 photos with copies, 1911-1917 

5 76

Tipi of the Sokults, Columbia River, 3 copies, 1918 

5 76

Yakama child and play tipi, 2 views with copies, 1915 

5 76

Two Yakama girls in front of play Tipi 

5 76

Sweathouses: construction and use, identified individuals include William Charley and Chief Sluskin, 28 scenes with copies and notes, 1917-1928, 91-102, 91-103 

5 77

Disturbed graves and restoration Scenes, Ancient graves, Satus Indian Grave Yard Yakama Indian Cemetery, 11 photos with copies 

5 77

Indian cemetery and death hut, fenced with 21 barbed wires against grave robbers, 2 views, Yakama Indian Reservation, Satus, Washington, 1920 

5 77

7 views of horses, several of the horse Wana-wish 

5 78

4 views of flint quarry in Grouse Canyon, with note, 1921 

5 78

The Smartlowit family, 5 views, 1920 

5 78

Unidentified family of Four dressed in winter clothes 

5 78

Unidentified individuals (Crow?) in traditional dress, 6 views 

5 78

13 trapping scenes (coyote), with copies, 1918 

5 79

Flag given the Yakamas by Gov. Isaac Stevens at the Treaty of Walla Walla in 1855, 3 copies, 1915 

5 79

Workers for the Red Star (Animal Relief), 2 photos with copies 

5 79

Young girl with sheep, Red Star on sheep's head, 4 views with copies 

5 79

21 views of Louis Mann, his family, fields and home, 1912-1921 (2 from Crime Against the Yakimas) 

5.1 80

2 Yakama barns, 1912 

5.1 80

Home of Snahtups, Yakama, 1912 

5.1 80

Yakama Reservation irrigation canals, 2 views 

5.1 80

Aged grandmother with granddaughters (Yakamas), 2 views with copies 

5.1 80

2 Young women at morning ablution, 2 copies, 1925, 91-104 

5.1 80

Giant Elder tree, 2 views, 2 copies, 1918 

5.1 81

Remnants of underground or winter village, 4 views with copies, Yakama Indian Reservation, 1918 

5.1 81

Look out post used by Indian Scouts, Yakama Indian Reservation, 2 copies, 1918 

5.1 81

Priest Rapids Indians, 6 views, 1938 

5.1 81

Priest Rapids, Rush Mat Houses, 5 views, 91-107 

5.1 81

Priest Rapids, Sweat house(?) 

5.1 81

Priest Rapids, boulders, see also Legends of the Priest Rapids 

5.1 81

Priest Rapids, boulders with hieroglyphs, see also Legends of the Priest Rapids 

5.1 81

Artificial hollow place (out post) in rockslide for Indian scouts, Yakama Indian Reservation, 2 copies, 1918 

5.1 81

Frank So-Happy, 2 photos 

5.1 81

John Buck (Buck-ki-a-tut), Priest Rapids, photographed as a young man, 2 copies 

5.1 81

John Buck (Buck-ki-a-tut, Puckya Toot) and group, 7 photos with letters, 91-113 

5.1 81

7 photos various pictographs, rock alignments 

5.1 82

Pictographs on Naches River (Indian Painted Rocks State Historical Site), Yakama, 12 photos with copies and notes, 1908 (Tracings of same in Oversize Box 18), 70-281 

5.1 82

Pictographs, Selah, 4 photos with copies, 1925 

5.1 82

White Hawk, Laverne Schmitz, and Many Wounds, 2 copies, 1935 

5.1 83

Tent of a blind eighty-two-year-old man, winter, requested McWhorter's help with notes 

5.1 83

Shack holding Two poor families with notes 

5.1 83

Widow living with her brother and his family in Shack with notes 

5.1 83

Carlton McWhorter's children, 3 views 

5.1 83

Captain Jack and Histo at an Indian gathering, film damaged by sun, notes, circa 1914 

5.1 83

Chief Moses, James Erwin, and White Swan, 1894 

5.1 83

2 unidentified Indian Chiefs 

5.1 83

Him-mot-shim-no-to-lo and wife, 1911 

5.1 83

Rare Arrow types once in the L.V. McWhorter Collection 

5.1 83

an unidentified house and a wagon 

5.1 83

Unidentified party in front of house, image is badly faded 

5.1 83

Chief Charley ( Nouh?) Sluskin (also Saluskin, Sa-lus-kin, Sluiskin, Sluskin, We-ow-ikt), Puyallup Fair, 2 views, 1926 

5.1 84

Chief Charley ( Nouh?) Sluskin (also Saluskin, Sa-lus-kin, Sluiskin, Sluskin, We-ow-ikt) making speech at the unveiling of the Taw-taw-nah-hee monument, his last public appearance, 1917 

5.1 84

Fair Photo booths. Caesar Williams and wife Kate with Unidentified group 

5.1 84

Frank-so-happy, Cesar Williams, and wife Kate, 2 copies 

5.1 84

Chief We-yal-lup Wa-ya-cika, 2 views with copies (The Crime Against the Yakima) 

5.1 84

9 Yakama Parade scenes with copies, one man identified as Buffalo Jack, July, 1915 

5.1 84

Yakama War Battle Pah-qy-ti-koot, Two Butte, 2 views with copies, 1917 

5.1 84

2 Markers to Captain A.J. Hembree, 7 views with copies, 1920 

5.1 84

Monument to Tow-tow-nah-hee in battle of Pah-qy-ti-koot, Yakima Valley, 4 views with copies, 1917 

5.1 84

Shack where sick woman lay, 5 photos with copies, 1918 

5.1 85

Alex Wesley and family, 2 photos with copies, 1919 

5.1 85

Government station at N(V)ess, Yakama Reservation, with copies, 1917 

5.1 85

Indian Government built house, Yakama Reservation, 2 copies, 1917 

5.1 85

"Slide of Death," Klickitat County, 3 photos with copies, 1917 

5.1 85

Scenes of Tieton Canyon, WA, 3 photos with copies, 1918 

5.1 85

Locating where Capt. Hembree's death occurred, 5 photos with copies and letter, 1915 

5.1 86

2 mountain views 

5.1 86

Qy-yamish (legend place), Yakama Reservation, 4 copies, 1917 

5.1 86

Cow skull, 2 copies 

5.1 86

Commercialized Indian photographs of various tribes, Navajo, Utes, Kwakintl, with note, and artifacts, 13 photos, 79-028 

5.1 87

To-wah-wah (Yakama papoose), 1911, 2 copies, 2 enlargements, Oversize Box 18 

5.1 87

Captain Jack (Peach-te-la-la), 2 photos, 3 copies of one 

5.1 87

Block house at Fort Simcoe, 4 views with copies, 1917-1918, 70-283 

5.1 87

Block house, Fort Simcoe, unidentified man with boy, 2 copies, 70-284 

5.1 87

Klickitat Peter, 1927, 70-282 

5.1 88

3 Yakama maidens 

5.1 88

Southwest Pueblo Ruins at Mesa Verde 

5.1 88

Columbia River excursion, Steamer Bailey Gatzert 

5.1 88

Caesar Williams, Yellow Wolf (see also in Map Case) 

5.1 88

Photo from the Discards 

5.1 88

Stick game at San Poil River with note, Colville Reservation, identified individuals include: Nellie Friedlander with granddaughter Paulette, wife of Louis Pechette., 70-262 

5.1 88

Chief Willy Andrews, 3 views 

5.1 88

6 photos of wild animals in steel traps 

5.1 89

4 photos of mounted animal heads 

5.1 89

14 photos of Montana, one in Oversize Box 18, circa 1920 

5.1 89

Jennie Lewis, Maiden of the Falling Leaves (Maid of Falling Leaf Moon), 4 views, 1918, 87-108 

6 90

Hannah, age 3, Yakama, 3 copies, 1911 

6 90

Chief Yoom-tee-bee (Bitten by a Grizzly Bear) 3 views, circa 1908 

6 90

Chief We-owikt Sluskin (Chief Sa-Luskin We-owikt), 3 copies, 1911 

6 90

Jyal, his son, we-owickt Sluskin, L.V. McWhorter, and W.E. Johnson, circa 1914 

6 90

(Chief) White Elk, noted singer and grafter, 2 views 

6 91

Mrs. White Elk, Klamath (Ah-wa-ah-sawn), 1920 

6 91

Mrs. Arthur Tomeo Kamiakun, 2 views, one with copy, 1931 

6 91

Owl Child (Che'-pos-to-cos) with Kazatani 

6 92

Owl Child (Che'-pos-to-cos), Ste-clah, and Shat-to-wee with note 

6 92

Owl Child (Che'-pos-to-cos) posing with military man and civilian 

6 92

Owl Child (Che'-pos-to-cos) shaking hands with military man 

6 92

Owl Child (Che'-pos-to-cos) in fighting costume of the warrior, 1923 

6 92

Owl Child (Che'-pos-to-cos) seated in traditional dress 

6 92

Chief Charley ( Nouh) Sluskin (also Saluskin, Sa-lus-kin, Sluiskin, Sluskin, We-ow-ikt), 4 views, 1 with wife, 1 with McWhorter, 1918-1927, 70-278 

6 92

Yakama papoose 

6 92

Too-skas-pot-tha-nook (Seven Mountains), last son of Chief Owhi, 2 views with copies, 1908 

6 92

Chief Paul Ahwie (Owhi) holding infant, 1 view 

6 92

Chief Owhi's Garden Monument, 1917 

6 92

Billie Stahi (Me-yah-wah) Yakama Religious Leader, with copies (CAY), 85-100 

6 93

E-la-weh-met, or About Sleep, Nez Perce, circa 1909, 70-280 

6 93

We-letti-cat-sit (Paloose), Paul and Albert Moses (Nez Perce), 91-114 

6 93

Mrs. Charles Sluskin, Yakama, 1925 

6 93

Mrs. Bob Charley and children (?), Yakama, 91-111 

6 93

Ute Indians 

6 93

Navajo Indians 

6 93

Sitting Rock (Wasco Jim, Wasco Jim Peters, Ie-keep-swah), circa 1921 

6 93

Buffalo Ben Olney (Yakama), his family and ranch, 1915-1920 

6 94

Yakama Charley and Jim Wallihee, 2 views, 1908 

6 95

He-mene Ee-lah'-nee (Nez Perce: Many Wolves; Johnny Tan-a-wash-et in Yakama), Dreamer leader, with McWhorter, 3 copies 

6 95

Yakima Valley Indian tipis, 1908, 85-099 

6 95

Oscar Richard Spencer, Yakama Astoria Centennial, 1911 

6 95

Yakama Chief, Astoria or Walla Walla 

6 95

Walla Walla Frontier Days, 1913, 8 views, 4 enlargements in Box 18: McWhorter in Indian dress, Kate Williams and children, Nez Perce boy, Yellow Wolf, Caesar Williams, Peo Peo Tholekt, Owl Child, etc., on horseback, 70-279 

6 95

The McWhorter cabin considered and used in Border Settlers 

7 96

John Hacker's home and barn, 3 views, West Virginia, 1910- considered and used in Border Settlers 

7 96

Cozad Beech Tree, West Virginia, 1898 considered and used in Border Settlers 

7 96

Marker for the Cozad Tragedy, West Virginia where in 1792 Berry Cozad was killed by an indian, 2 copies, 1910 considered and used in Border Settlers 

7 96

Cottrell House, Hacker's Creek, West Virginia, 1909 considered and used in Border Settlers 

7 96

Indian Rock, West Virginia(?), 2 views with copies, 1910 considered and used in Border Settlers 

7 96

Family crest of Henry Lowther, considered and used in Border Settlers 

7 96

Pringle Sycamore, considered and used in Border Settlers, 2 views, 1906 

7 96

Aunt Emily and her son Jeff in front of home (last name unknown), Lewis County, West Virginia, considered and used in Border Settlers, 1895 

7 96

Col. William Lowther's cabin considered and used in Border Settlers, 

7 96

The Reger rifle and McWhorter shot pouch considered and used in Border Settlers, 

7 96

Unidentified Man in Frontier dress with weapons considered and used in Border Settlers, 

7 96

Ash camp, Upshur County, West Virginia considered and used in Border Settlers, 

7 96

John McWhorter's signature, Henry McWhorter, Elias Lowther, 3 views considered and used in Border Settlers, 

7 96

Sketches of compass slab, Stone Coal Creek, 3 views considered and used in Border Settlers, 

7 96

Photo of stone slab, Stone Coal Creek "This was fought for rich miner written by Snath 1777"e; considered and used in Border Settlers,2 views 

7 96

Old Pear Tree of the Cozad Pear Tree, Hacker's Creek, West Virginia, considered and used in Border Settlers 

7 96

The Buffalo of Gomara "La Historia Generalquot; considered and used in Border Settlers 

7 96

Artifacts from A.C Gruhlke's collection, Waterloo, Indiana, considered and used in Border Settlers 4 photos 

7 96

Alexander Scott Withers, possibly in Border Settlers 

7 96

Printed reproduction of sketch of Tecumtha 

7 96

Ka-za-ta-ni, Kamiakin's daughter, 5 views, with copies, 1913, 70-286 

7 97

Tish, Kamiaken's son, from a tintype, with 2 letters, 91-108 

7 97

Chief Tomeo Kamiakun, 2 views, 1931 

7 97

Skolumpke Kamiaken (Snake River Joe), 3 views, 1937 

7 97

Cleveland Kamiaken, 2 views, 1937 

7 97

Chief Yet-ti-mo-chet (Yet-te-mo-chet), son of Skolumpke Kamiaken (Snake River Joe) Kamiaken, on horseback, 3 views with copies, 1913-1918 

7 98

Chief Yet-ti-mo-chet (Yet-te-mo-chet), son of Skolumpke Kamiaken (Snake River Joe) Kamiaken, studio portrait, 2 views with copies, 1918 

7 98

Chief Moses, or Kla-ka-ta-koo-sum, 1902 

7 98

Tom Smartlowit, or Nush-no, (Tokiaken Twiwash), 2 views with copies, 1918 

7 98

William D. Stillwell 

7 98

Two Moons presenting war pipe to L.V. McWhorter, 4 copies with note, 1911 

7 98

Unidentified Indian at Colville Reservation, caption is at the great Indian Gathering, 1911 

7 98

Coyote's special fishing place above Prosser Falls, WA (legend), with copies, 1918 90-066 

7 99

Coyote's fish-basket above Prosser Falls, with copies, 1918 90-058 

7 99

Scene at Coyote's special fishing place above Prosser Falls, WA, with copies, 1918 

7 99

L.V. McWhorter, 3 views, 1940 

7 99

Tahmahnawis tree near Logies Creek, Yakama Reservation, with copies and note, 1917 90-054 

7 99

Tahmahnawis hunter's sign of devotion, with note (rock cairns), 1911 90-052 

7 99

Tahmahnawis Rock cairn near Logie Creek, Washington with note and copies, 1917 90-053 

7 99

Tahmahnawis rocks piled (cairn) by Indian hunters, Ahtanum City, Washington, with copies, note, and negative July, 1918 

7 99

Landscape with note of legend of the old man and two wives of the Toppenish Mountains, 1917 

7 99

Landscape photo taken from the ridge of the Grizzly bear wife mountains, also known as Qy-yamish. This is where medicine men would obtain the power to see disease in patients, 1917 

7 99

Horse Cache (Butte?) 

7 99

Yakama hunters, 7 views with copies, 1921-1923 

7 99

Three Yakama women, "Three Wild Roses of the Yakima,"3 copies, 1917 

7 99

Chief Tecumseh Yakatowit in his 60s, 2 views, Yakama Chief, circa 1913 

7 99

Chief Stwire C Waters, Head Chief of the Yakamas, used in Crime Against the Yakimas,1871 

7 99

Joe Tonasket, with letter, 3 views, 1926 

7 100

Unidentified Yakama Indian woman, 2 views 

7 100

Burton Onsae, Hopi Snake dancer 

7 100

Captain F.W. James in Mexican desert, 24th Canadian Machine Gun Regiment (World War I), 1927 

7 100

Unidentified Yakama Indian woman with pack horses, "An Indian Belle Yakima Washington," 

7 100

Ida Carpenter 

7 100

Rev. Stwire G. Waters, 1910 (not found in folder 9/19/05) 

7 100

Indians drying salmon, 2 views, White Salmon River, Washington, 1912 

7 100

Locating the Perkins' tragedy with John Edwards, 5 views with copies and letter, 1923 

7 101

Rebel Chiefs of the Yakamas: Chi-mis-tah (Chi-mischa, Sinue-bow), Ryegrass Blanket, and Shut-te-monen, 1913 

7 101

Yakama rock trenches used as outlook posts in tribal wars, 2 views, 1919 

7 101

Indian rifle-pits used in Yakama War, 4 views, with copies, with notes, 1937-38 

7 101

A typical cattleman of the Upper Columbia River 

7 101

Unidentified horse and rider 

7 101

Naches historic excursion, four men and two women at side of road, 3 copies, 1919 

7 102

Rock formations and views of landscape, Naches excursion, 8 views with copies and notes, 1919 

7 102

Unidentified out building or cabin, 2 views 

7 102

Steam Boat Rock, Grand Coulee, Washington, 2 copes, 1935 

7 102

Landscape scene, Grand Coulee, Washington, 2 copies, 1935 

7 102

Home of horned chief Wahk-puch (legend site), Atanum Creek, 2 copies 

7 103

Human foot found along Ahtanum Indian Canal, 2 views, 1918 

7 103

Wedding gifts, Yakama Tribal Wedding, 1910 

7 103

Indian picnic 

7 103

Sgt. Charles N. (R.?) Noyes, 1941 

7 103

Col. Charles Erskin Scott wood and granddaughter 

7 103

"Heart of Kamiah Monster," Kamiah, ID, 1890-91 

7 103

Thompson Telakish and wife, White Swan, Washington 

7 103

Underground house pits, Yakama Reservation 

7 103

Washington Forts: Fort Bellingham, Fort Flager, Fort Okanogan, Fort Townsend, 4 photos with letter 

7 103

Washington State Historical Society Building, 1939 

7 103

Arthur Chapman and Chief Yellow Bull, circa 1879 

7 103

Stayhi, Yakama, 1918 

7 104

Chief Yuyune, (son of Chief Smo-hol-la), Priest Rapids, 2 copies 

7 104

Chief Moses and James T. Erwin, 3 copies, 1894 

7 104

L.V. McWhorter, 2 copies, 1912, 97-055 

7 104

L.V. McWhorter 

7 104

Chief Joseph (print and negative), 97-054 

7 104

L.V. McWhorter and Winito, Yakama medicine man, 1913 

7 105

L.V McWhorter 

7 105

Unidentified Man 

7 105

Unidentified group of Indians with Mrs. Kate Stevens Bates 

7 105

L.V. McWhorter with members of Unidentified board (J.N. Price, Ben Olney, S.G. Buckner, C.C. Wheat, L.V. McWhorter, and Nealy Olney) 

7 105

Unidentified Man in traditional dress holding Bow, studio portrait 

7 105

GLASS NEGATIVES 

Box Folder

Chief Nouh Sluskin 

8 106

Kazatani, Kamiakin's daughter 

8 106

Kazatani, Kamiakin's daughter 

8 106

Kazatani, Kamiakin's daughter 

8 106

Kazatani, Kamiakin's daughter 

8 106

Ha-waw-no-ilp-ilp (First-Red-Feather-on-the-Wing, 

8 106

Crow Blanket 

8 106

Mourning Dove 

8 106

Yellow Wolf's mother, Yiyik Wasumwah (YW) 

8 106

Mourning Dove 

8 106

Thomas Hart, Yellow Wolf, and L.V. McWhorter, 1908 (YW) 

8 106

Unidentified Indians 

8 106

L.V. McWhorter, 1915 

8 106

"The Challenge" (Wah-nok-pi, the Yakama), 1911 (CA), 79-123 

8 106

Two Yakama scouts on horseback, circa 1911 

8 106

Peo Peo Tholekt, side view, "The Invocation", 1911 

8 106

George Comedown (Nez Perce), 1908 

8 106

Peo Peo Tholekt on horseback, 1911 

8 106

Yakama warriors on horseback (under trees), circa 1911 89-024 

8 106

Yellow Wolf, 1909 (HM) 

8 106

Yellow Wolf, 1909 

8 106

Yellow Wolf, 1909 

8 106

Mrs. William Charley 

8 106

The Henry McWhorter House; G.F. Queen, 1894 (BS) 

8 106

Pistol, knife and club (west Virginia) 

8 106

Yakama rebel chiefs (l to r): Chi-mis-tah, Ryegrass Blanket, Shut-te-monen, 1913 

8 106

Jennie Lewis, Maid of the Falling Leaves, 1918 

8 106

Jennie Lewis, Maid of the Falling Leaves, 1918 

8 106

Jyal, his son, We-owickt Sluskin, L.V. McWhorter, W.E. Johnson, circa 1914 

8 106

Thomas Smartlowit, 1919 

8 106

Thomas Smartlowit, 1919 

8 106

Mourning Dove (Co) 

8 106

Mourning Dove (Co) 89-052 

8 106

L.V. McWhorter and William Charley, 1917 

8 106

Chief Yoom-tee-bee 

8 106

Yellow Wolf's tipi and son Jasper at McWhorter's ranch, Yakama, WA, 1908, 70-227, 70-267 

8 106

Lowther Coat of Arms (BS) 

8 106

Yellow Wolf, 1908 

8 106

L.V. McWhorter and William Charley, 1917 

8 106

L.V. McWhorter and William Charley, 1917 

8 106

Elah-weh-met (About Asleep), 1909 

8 106

Elah-weh-met (About Asleep), 1909 

8 106

Comedown (George Comedown, Eagle-Making-a-Roar, Roaring Eagle/Nez Perce) 1909 

8 106

Comedown (George Comedown, Eagle-Making-a-Roar, Roaring Eagle/Nez Perce) 1909 

8 106

Yellow Wolf with gun, 1909 

9 107

Yellow Wolf with gun, 1909 

9 107

Yellow Wolf with gun, 1909 

9 107

Yellow Wolf with gun and war club, 1909 

9 107

Yellow Wolf with war club, 1909 

9 107

Yellow Wolf with rifle and war club, 1909 

9 107

Yellow Wolf (center) with unidentified group of Indians, 1909 [Broken--handle with care] 

9 107

Mourning Dove 

9 107

Mourning Dove 

9 107

Rock alignments [Broken--handle with care] 

9 107

Rock alignments 

9 107

Indian Pictographs, Naches Gap, Yakima 

9 107

The Red Man, and Star and Bars pictographs, Naches Gap, Yakima, 1907 

9 107

Pictographs, Naches Gap, Yakima, 1907 

9 107

Pictographs, Naches Gap, Yakima (front view), 1907 

9 107

Columnar basalt outcrop: the pictographs are painted on; Naches Gap, Yakima, 1907 

9 107

Pictographs, Naches Gap, Yakima, 1907: "Pictured rocks" 

9 107

Yakama Indian scouts, 1911 

9 107

Yakama scouts in ambush, 1911, 79-120 

9 107

"The Interview": L.V. McWhorter writing (Yakama) Indian history, 1911 90-038 

9 107

"The Challenge," 1911 (CA), 79-123 

10 108

"Yakima Indian Warriors," 1911, 79-124 

10 108

Ha-waw-no-ilp-ilp 

10 108

Ha-waw-no-ilp-ilp 

10 108

Yellow Wolf White Thunder, 1911 

10 108

Billie Stahi (Ho-lite), 1911, 85-094 

10 108

Sa-Luskin We-Owikt, 1911 

10 108

Unidentified Man 

10 108

William Charley 

10 108

William Charley 

10 108

McWhorter signatures (BS) 

10 108

Grave Stone inscriptions (BS) 

10 108

Chief Wey-yal-lup WA-ya-cika 

10 108

Simon Goudy, 1912 (CA) (D) 

10 108

Chief Yet-te-mo-chet 

10 108

Chief Yet-te-mo-chet (TW) 

10 108

"The Invocation" (Peo Peo Tholekt) 

10 108

Hannah, age 3 (Yakama) 

10 108

To-Wah-Wah (Yakama), 1911 

10 108

Chief Paul Ahwie (Owhi) 

10 108

Two unidentified Indian girls 

11 109

Unidentified Indian boy 

11 109

Indian Woman with children 

11 109

A summer house of the Yakamas, 1906 (CA) 

11 109

Indian with gun and horse, 1909 

11 109

Peo Peo Tholekt with gun 

11 109

Camp scene, Columbia River, 1918 

11 109

Unidentified Woman with Girl 

11 109

Indians before their camp 

11 109

Two Riders before a Ranch 

11 109

Yakima Charley and Jim Wallihee, 1908 

11 109

Yakama Indian couple in front of their Home 

11 109

Yakama family in front of their Home 

11 109

Etwamish (No-Stink) 

11 109

Peo Peo Tholekt with gun 

11 109

Unidentified house 

11 109

Two unidentified Indians (Yakama?) 

11 109

Two Moons (Lepeet Hessemdooks) (YW) 

11 109

Ayatootonmi and Jasper (Yellow Wolf's wife and son), 1908 (YW) 

11 109

Unidentified Indian 

11 109

Yakama Girl in front of Home 

11 109

Two Yakama men in front of a house 

11 109

Two Yakama women with a baby, Smartlowit family 

11 109

First-Red-Feather-of-the Wing 

11 109

First-Red-Feather-of-the-Wing 

11 109

Indian Woman and child in front of Tipi 

11 109

Unidentified Indian family 

11 109

Three unidentified Indian men 

11 109

Two Yakama men on horseback in front of a house 

11 109

Smartlowit family in front of Tipi 

11 109

23 "Devon Cattle" images. Primarily cattle; a few group images or pictures of individuals. A 1906 and a 1907 "Year Book of the Devon Cattle Club" came with these and was removed to the book stacks 

11 109

PHOTOENGRAVING PLATES 

Box Folder

Kate Williams (Yes-to-lah-lemy) (CC) 

11 109

Ste-clah, Che-pos-to-cos (Owl child), and Lu-Pah-hin (CC) 

11 109

Tow-Tow-nah-hee Monument, Union Gap, Yakama Reservation 

11 109

Yakama War Monument (CC) 

11 109

Unidentified Chief in front of Tipi (CC) 

11 109

Cover engraving (CA) 

11 109

Yakama Indian hunters in camp, 1912 (CA) 

11 109

Indians drying salmon, 1912 (CA) 

12 110

Cover engraving (D) 

12 110

Louis Mann, Yakama, 1912 (CA), 85-102 

12 110

War dance of the Yakama, 1911 (CA) 

12 110

Rebel chiefs of the Yakamas (CC?) 

12 110

(Yellow Wolf ?) 

12 110

Typical Yakama Indian barn, 1912 (CA) 

12 110

Yah'-ya-tosh (ancient grave), 1912 (CA) 

12 110

Mourning Dove 

12 110

Chief Yoom tee-bee (CA) 

12 110

Three rebel Chiefs of the Yakamas: Chi-mis-tah, or Sinew-Bow, Ryegrass Blanket, and Shut-te-monen: Sheared Head, 1913 (CC?) 

12 110

Home of Louis Mann 

12 110

Chief we-yal-lup WA-ya-cika (CA) (D) 

12 110

Sub-irrigated meadow (CA) 

13 111

Yakama tribal wedding scene, 1911 (CA) 

13 111

Chief Sluskin we-owikt (CA) 

13 111

Chief we-yal-lup WA-ya-cika (CA) (D) 

13 111

Chief we-yal-lup WA-ya-cika (CA) (D) 

13 111

Chief Billie Stahai, 1911 (CA) 

13 111

A primitive dwelling (mat lodge), 1911 (CA) 

13 111

"The Challenge," 1911 (CA) 

14 112

Whe-ach (Sweathouse), 1911 (CA) 

14 112

Hannah, age 3 (CA) 

14 112

Mourning Dove (CA) 

14 112

Chief Yet-ti-mochet 

14 112

Chief Billie Stahai, 1911 (CA) 

14 112

"The Challenge," 1911 (CA) 

14 112

Scene on the Satus River, 1906 (CA) 

14 112

Typical Yakama Indian dwelling, 1912 (CA) 

15 113

Josephine Augustus Yemowat, 1912 (CA) 

15 113

Yah'-ya-tosh (ancient grave), 1912 (CA) 

15 113

Peach-te-la-la (Captain Jack) 

15 113

Jennie Lewis, Maid-of-the-Falling-Leaves 

15 113

Tom-man-cha-tah-nee Kohpt (Falls of the Fish Trap), 1906 

15 113

Kazatani, 1915 

15 113

Mrs. William Charley 

15 113

Pictographs, Naches Gap, Yakima 

15 113

Chief Nouh' Sluskin 

15 113

Yellow Wolf, 1909 

15 113

Social dance of the Yakama, 1911 (CA) 

15 113

"The Interview," 1911 (CA) 

16 114

Cover engraving (CA) 

16 114

Yakama Indian hunters, 1912 (CA) 

16 114

we-yal-lup WA-ya-cika and wife 

16 114

Henry McWhorter house 

16 114

Yakama warrior scouts, 1911 

16 114

A summer house of the Yakamas, 1906 (CA) 

16 114

William Charley, 1912 (CA) 

16 114

Rev. Stwire Waters (CA) Major Jay Lynch (CA) 

16 114

Simon George replacing worthless flume (D) 

16 114

Simon Goudy, 1912 (D) (CA) 

16 114

PHOTOGRAPHS 

Box Folder

Proof cuts of photographs and sketches used in Border Settlers? (54 items) 

17 115

House built by Henry McWhorter, 2 views with copies, circa 1893, 1908, 70-285 

17 116

Scene of Captain William White's death, 1909 

17 116

Historic barn, Edmund West, Sr., homestead, 2 copies, 1894 

17 116

Barn built by Alexander West, 3 views, 1910 

17 116

Indian spring, 1906 

17 116

Site of Buckhannon Fort and Little Indian Knob, 1909 

17 116

Big Indian Knob and Heavner Cemetery, 1909 

17 116

Ruins of the Old Cellar, Buckhannon Fort, 2 views, 1909 

17 117

A mountain "corncracker," 1910 (2 images) 

17 117

John Reger, undated. 

17 117

The Cozad beech tree, 2 copies, 1898 

17 117

The Tanner House, 1894 

17 118

G.C. Lawson home, Meadows Blue, WV, 2 views 

17 118

Indian camp and "lost mine" on one plate, 1893 

17 118

Chimney of the Old Tanner Fort-house, WV 

17 118

J. Scott McWhorter's children 

17 118

Indian Rock 

17 118

William Cottrell Cabin, 1909 

17 119

Old Harmony Church, WV 

17 119

County Clerk's Office, Green Brier County, WV, 1909 

17 119

Richard Allen, WV 

17 119

Mrs. Richard Allen 

17 119

Elijah Waggoner, WV 

17 119

William E. Connelley, Kentucky historian 

17 119

Pucara, Peru. Man and Two children front of house door. 

17 120

Pucara, Peru. family of five in front of home. 

17 120

Pucara, Peru. 7 indigenous adults and 1 child near stone houses four miles outside of Pucara. 

17 120

Pucara, Peru. Silver Mining settlement with Stone Houses near Chicla, Peru. 

17 120

Pucara, Peru. settlement against the foothills of the Pui-Pui Mountain. 

17 120

Pucara, Peru. settlement against foothills, adults and children in background. 

17 120

Two Unidentified Indians 

17 120

Unidentified family group posing outside of Home 

17 120

Mesa Verde Ruins 

17 120

Fort, ancient site, Warren K. Moorehead's excavations, 5 views 

17 121

Hopewell Mound Group, Warren K. Moorehead's excavations, 2 photos 

17 121

Platform pies from excavation Mound associated with Warren Moorehead 

17 121

Idol pipe from Mississippi Mound, 3 views 

17 121

Starving, neglected, and dead animals, Humane Society Work, 27 photos with copies, 1919-1920 

17 122

Scenes from a pack-horse expedition on Mount Tahoma (Rainier), 49 photos with copies, 1919 

17 123

Sweathouse built on Mount Tahoma (Rainier), 9 photos with copies, 1919 

17 124

GLASS NEGATIVES 

Box Folder

Projectile points once in L.V. McWhorter's collection 

17 125

Projectile points once in L.V. McWhorter's collection 

17 126

Part of L.V. McWhorter's artifact collection 

17 127

Figure 2, Appendix 3 of Border Settlers 

17 128

McWhorter family signatures used in Border Settlers 

17 129

More of L.V. McWhorter's artifact collection 

17 130

OVERSIZE PHOTOGRAPHS AND PHOTOCOPIED REPRODUCTIONS 

Box Folder

"Closing Scenes of General Howard's Campaign" (from sketches by an officer of General Howard's staff) 

18 131

"End of Nez Perce War, from sketches in the Field," Harper's Weekly, 17 November 1877 

18 131

Chief Joseph sketch, Harper's 1877 

18 131

"Pictures of Participants in 1877 Campaign," published by J.W. Redington 

18 131

"Pioneers and Near-Pioneers of the Pacific Northwest," published by J.W. Redington 

18 131

Car-jumping ramp, Wisdom, MT, undated. 

18 132

Buffalo Ben Olney and family, friends, 1917 

18 132

L.V. McWhorter in Indian dress, 1913 

18 132

Kate Williams and Yakama children, 1913 

18 132

Nez Perce boy, 1913 

18 132

Yellow Wolf, Caesar Williams, Peo Peo Tholekt, Owl Child, Kate Williams and others on horseback, Walla Walla, 1913 (Frontier Days, Walla Walla, WA) 

18 132

Ink sketch of an Indian, by H.R. Fulton, 1910 

18 133

Printed Photo of an Indian Woman and child 

18 133

Print of Sitting Bull ("The Great Divide"), 1891 

18 133

Peo Peo Tholekt 

18 134

Yellow Wolf, 1908 

18 134

Tracings of Pictographs at Naches Gap, Yakima, WA (15 items) 

18 135

"The Invocation," Peo Peo Tholekt, 1911, 2 copies 

18 136

"The Invocation," side view, 1911 

18 136

"The Challenge," Buffalo Boy of the Yakamas, 1911 

18 136

Two Yakamas in war dress with bows drawn, 1911, 2 copies 

18 137

Two Yakama Warriors on Horseback (under trees), (1911?) 

18 137

Two Mounted Yakama Warriors, 1911, 2 copies 

18 137

Mourning Dove, two poses, 1915 

18 138

Yakama Village at Astoria Centennial, 1911 

18 138

Girl on Wana-Wish 

18 138

to-wah-wah, Yakama papoose, Two views 

18 139

photographs from Border Settlers? 

18 140

John Fink Monument 

18 140

Two views of the Pringle Sycamore, 1915 

18 140

Washington State College Certificate of Merit recipients for 1941 (includes L.V. McWhorter) with letter by Johnson, Edward C. 

18 141

Unidentified Indian portrait 

18 141

Owl Child, Caesar Williams, L.V. McWhorter, Yellow Wolf, unidentified Indian, Astoria, OR, 1911 

18 141

NEGATIVES AND PHOTOGRAPHS: MISC. LOOSE IMAGES 

Box Folder

Items from Rich Jordan Family, ca. 1920s-1930s 

19 142

"Last of the Tribe," tipis in Seattle, 1923 

19 142

Bertha Jane Cross, infant Sound Indian, early 1930s 

19 142

Spalding Monument, Spalding, ID 

19 142

Margaret Jordan; Rocky Mountains cabin 

19 142

Looking up the "Rattlesnake," 15 miles from Dillon, MT 

19 142

Ollie Jordan 

19 142

Continental Divide, 7000 feet 

19 142

Jordan family 

19 142

Dredge boat in Alder Gulch near Virginia City, MT 

19 142

Margaret Jordan, 1928 

19 142

The inside of an Indian "Gui-gui-hautgt" 

19 142

Jacob Horner (Nez Perce campaign) & E.A. Brininstool 

19 142

Alaskan photographs, photographer: CL Andrews. 5 photographs: Eskimos, Wainwright, AK, 1927 

19 143

Major Jay Lynch (from the Crime against the Yakima) 

19 144

Wheat farming, Emil Kopac, Oshkosh, NE 

19 144

Mrs. Francis Rookstool in regimental togs 

19 144

Weeping Angelus 

19 144

Jacob Adams, Vincennes, IN. Veteran of Indian wars 

19 144

William and Mrs. Evans, March 1, 1918 

19 144

Sacajawea State Museum, Pasco, WA 

19 144

"Mother, Russell, and Basil" in garden, going to funeral, July, 1942 

19 144

Betty Jean Anderson, Jean Hunter, Orpha Runyon, Mary Hunter, 1931 

19 144

Thomas Beall, hangman for Colonel George Wright, Yakama and Spokane campaign, Indian Wars. (2 copies) 95-053 

19 144

Lee's Tree, Rainelle, WV (4 prints, 1 negative) 

19 144

Rifle and confederate side knife; A Hunting Trip by LV McWhorter, 1878 

19 144

A fearful forest fire of the northwest, 1908 

19 144

Nathaniel Hawthorne 

19 144

Unidentified canal (folder 490a) 

19 144

One of Big Foot's Nez Perce boys. Frontier Days, Walla Walla, WA, 1913 (negative) 

19 144

Kau-ul-kis-kis, Nez Perce Warrior, 1877 (1 image: 2 negatives) 

19 144

Wounded Head's drinking horn (2 images, negatives; 1 35 mm neg, 3 images), 82-037 

19 144

Cave #2. C.A.P. 

19 144

Unidentified mountain top (folder 147a) 

19 144

Home of JM McWhorter, WV, ca. 1887 

19 144

Fred Bond, author of Flatboating on the Yellowstone 

19 144

Grave of Cherokee Bob, located at Florence, ID. 1933 

19 144

Print of Native America Head, possibly from a memorial service. Poem "Pray One for Another" printed inside. 

19 144

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