Guide to the Horlacher-McCoy-Smith Papers 1876-1989
Cage 575

Summary Information

Manuscripts, Archives, and Special Collections, Washington State University Libraries
Horlacher-McCoy-Smith Family Papers
Cage 575
Date [inclusive]
750.0 items.
General Physical Description note
2.5 linear feet of shelf space.
Correspondence, business papers, farming papers and photographs of tthe Horlacher, McCoy and Smith families mostly about the running of the family farm near Rosalia, Washington.

Preferred Citation note

[Item Description]. Cage 575, Horlacher-McCoy-Smith Family Papers. Manuscripts, Archives, and Special Collections, Washington State University Libraries, Pullman, WA.

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Biographical/Historical note

Johan Georg Horlacher was born on November 21, 1848, in Wurtemberg, German. After emigrating to America, he married Maria Margerethe Jung, born November 20, 1860, in Colsville, Wisconsin. After a trip west on May 1, 1882, the Horlachers purchased their first parcel of land, amounting to 160 acres from the Northern Pacific Railroad. The land is located approximately four miles south of Rosalia, Washington, on Olson Road. Georg and Maria farmed the land until about 1918, when their daughter, Serena, and her husband, Ray Meyers, took over farming, operations. The Meyers farmed the land until Georg's death in 1923. Soon after, Serena's sister, Bena, and her husband, Elmer Claude McCoy, took over. In the ensuing years, Elmer acquired possession of the farms previously owned by the Horlachers and James Henry McCoy, his father. Bena and Claude likewise farmed the land until 1964, when their daughter Marjorie Gwendolyn McCoy and her husband, Harry Elmer Smith, assumed farming responsibilities. Upon Claude's death in 1984, possession of the farm went to Marjorie's brother, Clayton McCoy. Marjorie and Harry's son, Clifton, is currently farming the property and owns a portion of land jointly with his uncle.

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Arrangement note

The Horlacher-McCoy-Smith papers are arranged into five series. The first series, the Horlacher Papers, 1876-1963, contains the correspondence which pertains to the Horlacher possession of the land. It includes farm titles, mortgages, indentures, deeds, leases, tax information and forms. Also included are documents relating to an 1889 highway lawsuit, personal business documents and correspondence, personal correspondence, John Georg Horlacher's diary, and George Horlacher's will (George Horlacher is Georg and Maria's son).

Series 2, Elmer Claude McCoy Papers, 1917-1979, contains farm business and related documents, crop books, crop statements, weight and grain certificates, farm tax information, produce and livestock receipts, business notes, highway documents and related correspondence, personal business, personal tax information and blank forms, miscellaneous calendars covering 1923-1933, and personal correspondence. Also included in this series are Bena McCoy's papers which cover the Horlacher heirs conflict, 1926-1967.

Series 3 consists of the James Henry McCoy Papers, 1893-1944. Unlike the previous two series, Series 3 contains farm business information. Instead, stock and investment-related business comprise the bulk of this series, including miscellaneous personal business, loose receipts, personal tax information and forms, and several documents relating to James McCoy's participation in the Bannock Indian War of 1878.

The last correspondence-based series is the Smith Papers, 1878-1989. This series, although smaller than the others, contains similar information: farm business documents, tax information and forms, and personal correspondence. Also included in this series is centennial farms information, centennial farms information photographs, and Horlacher heirs information.

Series 5 consists of two photo albums, the Serena Meyers photo album and the Marjorie Smith photo album. The first album contains photographs of Serena's married years with Ray, emphasizing their trip east. The Marjorie Smith album is a photostatic copy of the original album, which remain in the possession of the owner.

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Administrative Information

Publication Information

Manuscripts, Archives, and Special Collections, Washington State University Libraries © 1990
Terrell Library
P.O. Box 645610
Pullman, WA, 99164-5610

Conditions Governing Access note

This collection is open for research use.

Immediate Source of Acquisition note

The Horlacher-McCoy-Smith Papers were donated by Marjorie McCoy-Smith to the Whitman County Historical Society which placed the collection on permanent loan to Manuscripts, Archives, and Special Collections, September, 1990.

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Controlled Access Headings

Family Name(s)

  • Horlacher family --Archives
  • McCoy family
  • Smith family

Geographic Name(s)

  • Rosalia (Wash.)--History


  • Agriculture
  • Agriculture -- Washington (State)--Rosalia
  • German Americans
  • Pioneers
  • Washington (State)

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Collection Inventory

Series 1: Horlacher Papers 

Box Folder

Farm - Titles, Mortgages, Indentures, Deeds, and Leases 1897-1921 

1 1

Farm - Tax Information and Forms 1910-1921 

1 2

Highway Lawsuit Documents 1883-1925 

1 3

Personal Business, Loose Receipts, and Cancelled Checks 1903-1921 

1 4

Personal Correspondence and Georg Horlacher Diary 1876-1928 

1 5

George Horlacher Will 1963 

1 6

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Series 2: Elmer Claude McCoy Papers 

Box Folder

Farm Business and Related Documents 1917-1935 

1 7

Farm Business and Related Documents 1936-1940 

1 8

Farm Business and Related Documents 1941-1945 

1 9

Farm Business and Related Documents 1946-1958 

1 10

Farm Business and Related Documents 1959-1975 

1 11

Farm Business - Crop Book 1928-1941 

1 12

Farm Business - Big Ten Pencil Tablet 1950-1958 

1 13

Farm Business - Crop Statements to Carolyn Bruce 1965-1970 

1 14

Highway Documents and Related Correspondence 1958-1964 

1 15

Loose Cancelled Checks, Receipts, and Deposit Slips 1912-1979 

1 16

Rosalia Producers Weight and Grain Inspection Certificates 1949-1952 

1 17

Stoneham Grain Weight Certificates 1937-1939 

1 18

Farm Tax Information and Forms 1923-1964 

1 19

Farm Tax Information and Forms 1965-1976 

1 20

Produce and Livestock, Receipts and Business Notes 1934-1956 

1 21

Personal Business 1919-1968 

1 22

Personal Tax Information and Forms 1921-1958 

1 23

Personal Correspondence undated 

1 24

Bena McCoy - Horlacher Heirs' Conflict 1926-1967 

1 25

Calendars 1923-1927 1930-1933 

1 26

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Series 3: James Henry McCoy Papers 

Box Folder

Farm Business 1893-1923 

1 27

Stock and Investment Related Business 1914-1929 

1 28

Stock and Investment Related Business 1930-1932 

1 29

Stock and Investment Related Business 1933-1935 

1 30

Stock and Investment Related Business 1936-1937 

2 31

Stock and Investment Related Business 1938-1944 

2 32

Personal Business - Loose Receipts 1928-1932 

2 33

Personal Tax Information and Forms 1915-1940 

2 34

Bannock Indian War Documents 

2 35

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Series 4: Smith Papers 

Box Folder

Farm Business 1971-1980 

2 36

Tax Information and Forms 1964 

2 37

Personal Correspondence 1974-1977 

2 38

Centennial Farms Information 1989 

2 39

Centennial Farms Information 1989 

2 40

Centennial Farms Information - Photographs 

2 41

Horlacher Heirs Information 1878-1962 

2 42

Items Given to Historical Society 

2 43

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Series 5: Photograph Albums 


Serena Meyers 


Marjorie Smith 


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