Guide to the Great Britain, Parliament, Collection of Documents about Edward, Earl of Clarendon 1668-1674
Cage 477

Summary Information

Repository
Manuscripts, Archives, and Special Collections, Washington State University Libraries
Title
Great Britain, Parliament, Collection of Documents about Edward, Earl of Clarendon
ID
Cage 477
Date [inclusive]
1668-1674
Extent
1.0 box
General Physical Description note
.25 linear feet of shelf space
Language
English
Abstract
This collection consists of a single bound volume, "Articles of high treason and other heinous misdemeanors exhibited to the House of Peers by the Earle of Bristol against Edward Earle of Clarendon, 1663 July 10."

Preferred Citation note

[Item Description] Great Britain, Parliament, Collection of Documents about Edward, Earl of Clarendon circa 1668-1674

Manuscripts, Archives, and Special Collections Washington State University Libraries Pullman, WA

Return to Table of Contents »


Biographical/Historical note

Edward Hyde, 1st Earl of Clarendon (1609-1674), was an English statesman and historian, minister to English Kings Charles I and Charles II, and grandfather to two English sovereigns, Queen Mary II and Queen Anne.

Educated in the law, Hyde first became involved in politics in 1640 as a member of the Short Parliament (April-May 1640). With the growing strain in the relationship between Parliament and King Charles I, Hyde became a moderate advisor and minister to the King. A Royalist, Hyde never saw open combat in the English Civil War. Instead, in 1645 he was appointed guardian to the Prince of Wales. In 1649, Charles I was convicted and executed for high treason, abolishing the monarchy and establishing the Commonwealth of England. As an advisor to the exiled King Charles II, Hyde was appointed Lord Chancellor in 1658. Following the restoration of the monarchy in 1660, Hyde was given the title of Earl of Clarendon in 1661. In 1660, Clarendon's daughter Anne was married to Charles II's son James, the Duke of York and future King James II. In 1663, charges of high treason were brought against Clarendon by George Digby, 2nd Earl of Bristol, in an attempt to disrupt Clarendon's influence. The charges were dismissed and Bristol was expelled from court.

Clarendon's downfall began shortly after. He was held responsible for unpopular decisions, such as the sale of Dunkirk to France. With the death of several of his allies, Parliament became determined to make Clarendon the scapegoat for the English defeat in the Anglo-Dutch War of 1665. In August 1667, Clarendon was dismissed from the chancellorship, and in October the House of Commons began impeachment proceedings against him. Although the House of Lords refused to accept the charges, Clarendon was forced to flee the country in November of 1667. Until his death on December 9, 1674 Clarendon remained in exile in France. He was buried in Westminster Abbey.

[sources: "Edward Hyde, 1st Earl of Clarendon," Encyclopedia Britannica; "George Digby, 2nd Earl of Bristol," Encyclopedia Britannica.]

Return to Table of Contents »


Scope and Contents note

This collection consists of a single bound volume, "Articles of high treason and other heinous misdemeanors exhibited to the House of Peers by the Earle of Bristol against Edward Earle of Clarendon, 1663 July 10." This item is a transcription of the articles of "high treason and other heinous misdemeanors" brought against the Earl of Clarendon in 1663; the proceedings in the House of Commons involving the impeachment and banishment of the Earl of Clarendon in 1667 including speeches and debates; and Clarendon's petition to the House of Lords.

Return to Table of Contents »


Administrative Information

Publication Information

Manuscripts, Archives, and Special Collections, Washington State University Libraries 2013

http://www.libraries.wsu.edu/masc
Terrell Library
P.O. Box 645610
Pullman, WA, 99164-5610
509-335-6691
mascref@wsu.edu

Conditions Governing Access note

This collection is open and available for research use.

Immediate Source of Acquisition note

This collection was purchased by the Washington State University Libraries in 1939.

Return to Table of Contents »


Controlled Access Headings

Geographic Name(s)

  • Great Britain -- History -- 1660-1714.

Personal Name(s)

  • Bristol, George Digby, Earl of, 1612-1677.
  • Clarendon, Edward Hyde, Earl of, 1609-1674.

Subject(s)

  • Civil Procedure and Courts
  • Politics and politicians

Return to Table of Contents »