Guide to the Clarence Daniel Martin, Jr. Papers 1916-1976
Cage 449

Summary Information

Repository
Manuscripts, Archives, and Special Collections, Washington State University Libraries
Creator
Martin, Clarence Daniel Jr.
Title
Clarence Daniel Martin, Jr. Papers
ID
Cage 449
Date [inclusive]
1916-1976
Extent
9000.0 items.
General Physical Description note
16.5 linear feet of shelf space.
Language
English
Abstract
Correspondence, memoranda, speeches, reports, photographs, clippings, and other printed materials primarily relating to federal transportation policy, also materials relating to his service on the Board of the Panama Canal Company. Earlier papers include letters, 1933-1941, from his father, Washington Governor C.D. Martin, commenting on state and national events and politics.

Preferred Citation note

[Item Description]. Cage 449, Clarence Daniel Martin, Jr. Papers . Manuscripts, Archives, and Special Collections, Washington State University Libraries, Pullman, WA.

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Biographical/Historical note

Clarence Daniel ("Dan") Martin, Jr., the son of Clarence D. and Margaret Mulligan Martin, was born on October 23, 1916, in Spokane, Washington. He attended the public schools in Cheney, Washington, and summer sessions at Culver Military Academy, Culver, Indiana. Following graduation from Cheney High School in 1934, Martin entered Harvard University. During his freshman year at Harvard Martin played football and was tapped as a member of the Iriquois Club. He shared his family's interest in flying and became president of the Harvard Flying Club as well as president of the National Intercollegiate Flying Club. Martin was graduated from Harvard in 1938 with a B.S. degree in political science and economics. The Harvard Class of '38 was a diverse group that included: Arthur M. Schlesinger, Jr.; Marshall Field, Jr.; Randolph A. Hearst; Theodore H. White; Casper Williard Weinberger; and Joseph P. Kennedy, Jr. In 1939 Martin took a year of graduate study at the University of Washington Law School.

The following year, 1940, he joined the family flour milling business, F. M. Martin Grain and Milling Company, Inc. of Cheney, Washington. As a graduate of the Harvard N.R.O.T.C. he was called to active duty in May 1941 and saw five years active service in World War II with the U.S. Navy, rising from the rank of Ensign to Lieutenant Commander as a naval aviator, a patrol plane commander on duty in the Air Force Atlantic Fleet, and Commanding Officer of the U. S. Naval Air Facility, Middle River, Maryland.

Upon release from active duty in 1946, Martin formed a business partnership in Seattle, Washington, in wholesale hardware and later a raw materials business. In 1950, he moved the center of his business activities to Los Angeles County, California. He opened a retail automobile dealership in Santa Monica, California, and Phoenix, Arizona. Upon the death of his father, Clarence D. Martin, Sr., in 1955, he assumed the management of the family corporation in Washington State, principally farming, real estate, and miscellaneous investments. Martin's political interests were molded by his father, C. D. Martin, Sr., who was a fiscally conservative New Deal Democrat who served as Governor of the State of Washington from 1933 to 1941. His association with the Kennedy family began at Harvard where he was a classmate of John F. Kennedy's older brother, Joseph P. Kennedy. Martin coordinated Jack Kennedy's pre-convention drive for the Democratic presidential nomination in southern California and later served as Deputy Chairman for Finance of the Democratic National Committee during the 1970 election campaign.

Martin was appointed Under Secretary of Commerce for Transportation by the newly elected President Kennedy on February 9, 1961, and took the oath of office the following day. Martin's appointment, however, was more than a political reward. He was chosen because of his administrative ability and the fact that he was removed from the bitter squabbles in which competing modes of transportation had long engaged.

As Under Secretary, Martin was the principal official responsible for the Department of Commerce's role as adviser to the President on national transportation policy. In addition, he was responsible for policy direction and coordination of the operations of the Bureau of Public Roads, the Maritime Administration, the Office of Emergency Transportation, the Saint Lawrence Seaway Development Corporation and the Great Lakes Pilotage Administration.

President Kennedy also appointed Martin to serve as a member of the Alaska International Rail and Highway Commission and the Board of Directors of the Panama Canal Company. The latter group selected him to serve on their Execu tive Committee. As Chairman of the Interagency Committee on Transport Mergers Martin had the responsibility of developing the Kennedy Administration's policy on proposed mergers of transportation companies.

After President Kennedy's assassination, Martin continued to serve as Under Secretary of Commerce for Transportation in the Johnson administration. After over four years of federal service, Martin resigned his position and returned to his business interests in California. There he resumed his civic activities, serving as California State President and President of the Santa Monica Bay Council of the Navy League of the United States; on the Executive Board of the Boy Scouts of America; as President of the Bay Council; and as a member of the Rotary Club of Santa Monica.

Martin maintained an active interest in sports throughout his life. He was part owner and vice-president of the Los Angeles Rams professional football team, and was the first to introduce professional soccer to the Los Angeles area.

Martin died on June 14, 1976, while in Boston. He was survived by his wife, Charlotte Yeoman Martin, a Butte, Montana, native, and their three children Diana, Cary, and Bradley.

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Arrangement note

The papers of Clarence Daniel ("Dan") Martin, Jr. are arranged in three major series: Papers, 1916-1945; Papers, 1955-1976; and Memorabilia, 1916-1976.

The first series, Papers, 1916-1948, has been divided into two subseries: Correspondence, 1930-1941; and General Subject File, 1916-1948. Almost all of the material in the 1930-1941 Correspondence subseries was originally received with the papers of Clarence D. Martin, Sr. The correspondence includes letters written to Dan Martin during the period from 1930 through 1941, which encompasses his high school years, his summers at Culver Military Academy, his undergraduate years at Harvard, his graduate study at the University of Washington Law School in Seattle, and his initial months in the United States Navy. This subseries centers on Dan Martin's letters from his father; during this period, C. D. Martin, Sr., was governor of the State of Washington. (The other half of the correspondence, Dan Martin's letters to his father may be found in the Clarence Daniel Martin Papers, 1896-1954, Cage 336.) This file is unusually complete; despite his busy schedule, Governor Martin wrote to his son on an almost daily basis when Dan was away from home--at camp, vacationing, or during his years at Harvard. The Harvard correspondence from Governor Martin is especially useful because it includes discussions of current political and economic trends, both on the state and national level. Dan Martin also received letters from his mother, Margaret Martin, his brothers William and Frank, his father's secretary and business representative, Elizabeth Goerling, and many of his high school and college friends. The Correspondence subseries is arranged chronologically with the undated material placed at the end of the subseries.

The second subseries, General Subject File, 1916-1945, includes material from all aspects of Dan Martin's early years. Especially prominent is the material on his education: grade school report cards, class notes, papers and let ters from Cheney High School, summer sessions at Culver Military Academy (19301932), and from his years at Harvard (1934-1938). Martin was president (1938) and treasurer-secretary (1937) of the National Intercollegiate Flying Club and this is reflected in the Club's correspondence and minutes, as well as in the "Newspaper Clipping" folder. The only hint of Martin's finances while at Harvard rests in his cancelled checks for the period from 1935 to 1939. A folder of "Photographs" consists of primarily undated and unidentified photos of Martin's high school and college classmates. This General Subject File has been constructed by the processor from materials scattered throughout the initial accession and has been arranged alphabetically by subject.

The period from 1945, the end of his military career, to 1960, when Martin became involved with the Kennedy drive to win the Democratic presidential nomination, is not documented in these papers. During this 15 year period, Martin moved from Seattle to Los Angeles, began his automobile dealership in Santa Monica, became active in such civic organizations as the Rotary, the Boy Scouts, and the Navy League. This lack of documentation accounts for the sharp chronological break between the first and second series of the Martin papers.

Series II, Papers, 1955-1976, focuses on Martin's years in the Kennedy and Johnson administrations as Under Secretary of Commerce for Transportation. Martin served in this capacity from February 1961 through May 1965. The second series is divided into two subseries: Official Files, 1955-1965, and Personal Files, 1961-1976. This division reflects Martin's office filing system while serving as Under Secretary. He attempted to segregate his official materials from his personal papers. Such a division is difficult under the best of circumstances; consequently, materials which might well be included in the Official Files (such as appointment books and telephone logs) are arranged in the Personal Files.

The Official Files subseries is arranged in six subseries (which reflects the received order and attempts to recreate the office filing structure used by Under Secretary Martin): Correspondence, 1961-1965; Transportation Subject File, 1958-1965; Transportation Policy File, 1960-1965; Speeches and Testimony, 1961-1965; Maritime Subsidy Board Actions, 1963-1965; and Transportation Reports, 1955-1965.

The Correspondence, 1961-1965, sub-subseries consists of the official daily correspondence of Under Secretary Martin during his years with the Kennedy and Johnson administrations. This correspondence comprises the bulk of the collec tion, accounting for over two-thirds of the total items, and includes Martin's responses to questions from the public, business, and governmental agencies, Commerce Department memoranda, policy statements, and, in some cases, in-coming correspondence. The correspondence file is arranged chronologically. The second sub-subseries, Transportation Subject File, 1958-1965, consists of material collected on selected transportation topics arranged alphabetically. This material pre-dates Martin's accession to office because relevant material pertaining to transportation topics was retained in the files from the previous administration or collected by Martin during his tenure. The Transportation Subject File includes material on aviation (a large part of which concerns the development of the Supersonic Transport); the development of the nuclear ship N. S. Savannah; the Panama Canal (Martin served both as a director and on the Executive Board); the St. Lawrence Seaway; and the U. S. "Shipping Mission to Moscow." The third sub-subseries, Transportation Policy File, 1960-1964, contains alphabetically arranged material on the formulation of the annual transportation message to the nation, policy planning information, and program development for the Department of Commerce. The fourth sub-subseries, Speeches and Testimony, 1961-1965, includes addresses (before both Houses of Congress) given by Martin during his tenure in office. This sub-subseries also includes some material from conferences and meetings attended by Martin, and also articles by Martin. This material is arranged chronologically by the date on which Martin participated in the event. The fifth sub-subseries, Maritime Subsidy Board Actions, 1963-1965, is arranged alphabetically by the name of the subsidy case involved. The sixth sub-subseries, Transportation Reports, 1955-1965, contains reports arranged alphabetically by title, concerning topics of interest and importance to the department during the period from 1955 through 1965.

The second subseries, Personal Files, 1960-1976, is divided into two subsubseries: Office Subject File, 1961-1965; and General Subject File, 19601976. The Office Subject File consists of the personal material Martin main tained at his office. It includes out-going correspondence to his friends and close associates, photographs, newspaper clippings, appointment calendars, telephone logs, Christmas card lists, and files concerning various individuals, such as: John F. Kennedy, Luther H. Hodges (Secretary of Commerce), Warren G. Magnuson (senior Senator from Washington), and Drew Pearson (newspaper columnist). The files are arranged alphabetically by subject and cover the period of Martin's federal service, 1961-1965.

The General Subject File, 1960-1976, has been assembled by the processor with materials drawn from throughout the collection. It contains some correspondence, newspaper clippings, photographs and certificates, and a tape record ing. The majority of the material is from the period after Martin left federal service, from 1965 through 1976.

Series 3, Memorabilia, 1916-1976, contains various material which Martin chose to save over the years, such as: two flags from the Maritime Administration, souvenir programs, tickets and cards (some of which may have been his father's, Governor C. D. Martin), several copies of Martin's official photograph, Harvard football programs, the Lampoon, and alumni magazines, souvenirs of his trip to Japan, Christmas cards for 1964, two naval manuals from Culver Military Academy, and two long-play records of Martin's commencement address to the U. S. Merchant Marine Academy graduating class of 1961.

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Administrative Information

Publication Information

Manuscripts, Archives, and Special Collections, Washington State University Libraries © 1981

http://www.wsulibs.wsu.edu/masc
Terrell Library
P.O. Box 645610
Pullman, WA, 99164-5610
509-335-6691
mascref@wsu.edu

Conditions Governing Access note

This collection is open for research use.

Immediate Source of Acquisition note

The papers of Clarence Daniel Martin, Jr. (1916-1976) were donated to the Washington State University Libraries by Charlotte Y. Martin in two separate accessions: February 1977 (MS 77-6) and March 1981 (MS 81-14).

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Controlled Access Headings

Corporate Name(s)

  • Panama Canal Company
  • United States. Office of the Under Secretary of Commerce for Transportation
  • Washington (State). Governor (1933-1941 : Martin) -- Records and correspondence
  • Washington (State). Governor (1933-1941 : Martin)

Geographic Name(s)

  • United States--Politics and government--1933-1945 -- Sources
  • Washington (State)--Politics and government--1889-1950 --Sources

Personal Name(s)

  • Martin, Clarence D. (Clarence Daniel), 1886-1955
  • Martin, Clarence Daniel, 1916-1976 --Archives

Subject(s)

  • Government and Politics
  • Washington (State)

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Collection Inventory

Series 1: Papers 1916-1945 

Correspondence File 1930-1941 

Box Folder

Correspondence 1930-1941   1025.0 items.

1 1-18

Correspondence undated   30.0 items.

1 19

General Subject File 1916-1948 

Box Folder

Baby book 1916   1.0 item.

1 20

Cancelled Checks 1935-1939   150.0 items.

1 21

Cards--Identification, student, etc.   15.0 items.

1 22

College Catalogs, Harvard undated   6.0 items.

1 23

College Notes 1934-1938   200.0 items.

1 24

Culver Military Academy, summer sessions 1930-1932   65.0 items.

2 25

High School, Cheney--notes, papers, etc. 1930-1934   350.0 items.

2 26-27

Invitations 1934-1940   50.0 items.

2 28

Military service 1945   2.0 items.

2 29

National Intercollegiate Flying Club 1935-1938   10.0 items.

2 30

Newspaper clippings 1935-1941   30.0 items.

2 31

Photographs undated   40.0 items.

2 32

Report cards 1923-1924 1926 1929   5.0 items.

2 33

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Series 2: Papers 1955-1976 

Official Files 

Correspondence 1961-1965 

Box Folder

Correspondence Jan. 26-Dec. 31, 1961   2460

2 34-45

Correspondence Jan. 1, 1962-Oct. 31, 1963   3305

3 46-67

Correspondence Nov. 1, 1963-May 31, 1964   2045

4 68-79

Correspondence June 1-Nov. 15, 1964   2060

5 80-90

Correspondence Nov. 16, 1964-March 31, 1965   2075

6 91-102

Correspondence April 1-May 31, 1965   875

7 103-111

Transportation Subject File 1958-1965 

Box Folder

Air Transport Association 1964-1965   5 items.

7 112

American Bureau of Shipping, Annual Report 1964   1 item.

7 113

Aviation 

Box Folder

Aircraft Loan Guarantee Program April 1962-May 1965   80

7 114-115

Airline Subsidy Reduction Program July 1963-March 1964   35

7 116-117

Helicopter Proceedings, CAB Jan.-May, 1965   65

7 118

International Air Transport Study 1961-1963   40

7 119-121

Northwest Airlines, Inc. 1964   2

7 122

Seaboard World Airways, Inc. 1965   3

7 123

Short-Haul Transport Program 1963-1964   15

8 124

Supersonic Transport 

Box Folder

Program Jan. 21, 1963-May 4, 1965   170

8 125-132

American Airlines 1963   1

8 133

Commerce Position May-June 1963   20

8 134

Douglas Aircraft April 1963-January 1964   2

8 135

Lockheed, CAB Meeting March 1964   1

8 136

Senate Committee Hearings October 1963   3

8 137
Box Folder

Bridwell, Lowell K. September 1964   1 item.

8 138

Business Economic, Office of March 1962-April 1965   40 items.

8 139

Civil Aeronautics Board 1963-1965   4 items.

8 140

Commerce, Department of 

Box Folder

Briefing Books 1960 1965   10

8 141-142

Hodges, Luther. Meetings 1963-1964   60

8 143-144

Committee of American Steamship Lines April 1961-May 1965   30

8 145

Maritime Administration 

Box Folder

Alaska Ports, Survey of 1965   1

8 146

N. S. Savannah (Nuclear Ship) 

Box Folder

General Correspondence April 1963-April 1965   255

8 147-151

Backup Crew June 1963-May 1964   40

9 152
Box Folder

National Capital Transportation Agency November 1962-May 1963   6

9 153

New York World's Fair May 1964-April 1965   5

9 154

Panama Canal Company 

Box Folder

Board of Directors 1961-1965   55

9 155-156

Correspondence 1961-1965   40

9 157

Financial Statements February-April, 1965   3

9 158

Reports 1961-1965   15

9 159-160

Elliot Roosevelt proposals January-March 1965   15

10 161
Box Folder

Pan American Railway Congress Assn. August 1962-November 1963   20

10 162

Plowman, Dr. E. G. (Deputy Undersecretary for Transportation) 1964   5

10 163

Project Mercury Commemorative Stamp 1962   1

10 164

Public Roads 

Box Folder

Alaska Task Force 1964   1

10 165

Highway Cost Allocations Study March 1965   1

10 166
Box Folder

Railroad Labor Dispute July 1963- December 1964   35

10 167

St. Lawrence Seaway Development Corp. February 1961-May 1965   35

10 168-170

Shipping to Moscow 

Box Folder

Background October 1963-October 1964   45

10 171-172

Correspondence March-August 1964   25

10 173

Final Reports July 1964   2

10 174

Press Information February 11-March 16, 1964   65

10 175

Secretary's Meeting March 23, 1964   20

10 176

Telegrams-Cables February-March 1964   20

10 177
Box Folder

Staff Activity Reports May 1964-May 1965   70

10 178-181

Trinity River Basin November 1963-April 1965   10

10 182

U. S. Science Exhibit, Century 21 Exposition September 1958-October 1962   20

10 183

Virgin Islands March-May 1964   2

10 184

Washington, D. C., Permanent Exhibition May 1965   12

10 185

Weather Bureau July 1961-October 1963   10

10 186

White House 

Box Folder

Cabinet Meetings January-October 1964   10

10 187

Correspondence February 1961- September 1964   16

10 188

Democratic Platform July 1964   8

10 189

State of the Union Message January 1964-January 1965   10

10 190

Transportation Policy File 1960-1964   

Box
Folder
Box Folder

Industry Meetings 1962   20 items.

10 191

Message 

Box Folder

 November 1960-March 1961   75

11 192

 March-November 1961   40

11 193

 May-September 1961   100

11 194

 August 1961   100

11 195

 September-December 1961   200

11 196

 December 1961-May 1962   225

11 197
Box Folder

Policy Group, W. Owens March-July 1961   35 items.

11 198

Policy Planning Groups 1961   40 items.

11 199

Program: Present and Future 1962   1 item.

11 200

Recommendations 1963-1964   80 items.

11 201-203

Reorganization Proposals March- November 1961   115

11 204

Speeches and Testimony 1961-1965 

Box Folder

 March 14, 1961-March 24, 1962   150

205-222

 March 8, 1962-February 4, 1964   380

12 223-288

 February 10, 1964-May 13, 1965   310

13 289-334

Article, Paul Martin May 1965   1 item.

13 335

Miscellaneous Articles undated   5 items.

13 336

Maritime Subsidy Board Actions 1963-1965 

Box Folder

General 1964-1965   85 items.

13 337-339

American Export Lines, Inc., Subsidy Case 1964-1965   3 items.

13 340

American Hawaiian Subsidy Case 1963-1965   40 items.

13 341-342

Bloomfield Steamship Co. Subsidy Case 1964   5 items.

13 343

Farrell Lines, Inc., Subsidy Case 1964   3 items.

13 344

General Order 99, Decision on 1965   2 items.

13 345

Ingalls Shipbuilding Corp. Subsidy Case 1964   2 items.

14 346

Lykes Brothers (Cargo Ships) Subsidy Case 1963   21 items.

14 347

Moore-McCormack Lines Inc., Subsidy Case 1964   25 items.

14 348

Prudential Lines, Inc., Subsidy Case 1964   4 items.

14 349

States Steamship Subsidy 1964-1965   50 items.

14 350-351

U. S. Lines-American Export-Waterman Steamship Case 1964   5 items.

14 352

Waterman Steamship Company Subsidy Case 1964-1965   8 items.

14 353

Transportation Reports 1955-1965 

Box Folder

Maneuvering Propulsion Devices on Merchant Ships, Use of January 1965   1 item.

14 354

Maritime Resources of Security and Trade undated   1 item.

14 355

Merchant Marine undated   1 item.

14 356

Miscellaneous 1955-1962   8 items.

14 357

New York, New Haven & Hartford Railroad 1962   6 items.

14 358

Northeast Corridor undated   4 items.

14 359

Ocean Conference Freight Rates: Inbound vs. Outbound with Japan July 1964   1 item.

14 360

Regulations, Current Index of April 1965   1 item.

14 361

Transportation Policy and Program Proposals September 1964   1 item.

14 362

Transportation Policy and Program of the Department of Commerce undated   1 item.

14 363

Personal Files 1960-1976 

Office Subject File 1961-1965 

Box Folder

Appointment Calendar 1961-1963   3 items.

14 364-366

Appointment Calendar 1964-1965   2 items.

15 367-368

Biographical sketch 1961   6 items.

15 369

Christmas Card lists 1961-1964   40 items.

15 370-373

Clippings 

Box Folder

General 1961-1965   70

15 374

Martin's appointment 1961 1965   20

15 375
Box Folder

Commerce, Department of. Luther H. Hodges   20 items.

15 376

Correspondence: Personal, A-Z 1961-1965   645

15 377-401

Kennedy, John F. (President) 1961-1965   7 items.

15 402

Klotz, Herbert W. 1963-1965   2 items.

15 403

Miscellaneous Correspondence 1965   2 items.

15 404

Magnuson, Warren G. 1961   7 items.

15 405

Martin, Clarence D., Sr. 1961   4 items.

15 406

Personal Information, U.S. Government 1961-1965   3 items.

15 407

Photographs: Official 1961-1965   250

15 408

Public Roads: Drew Pearson's Column 1963-1965   15 items.

15 411

Receipts 1961-1965   25 items.

15 412

Roosevelt, Franklin D., Jr. 1963-1965   2 items.

15 413

Telephone Calls 1961-1962   2 items.

15 414-415

Telephone Calls 1963-1965   3 items.

16 416-418

General Subject File 1960-1976 

Box Folder

Correspondence 1961   4 items.

16 419

Martin Clippings 1960-1970   15 items.

16 420

Photographs 1960-1973   4 items.

16 421

Tape recordings Feb. 19, 1961   2 items.

16 422

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Series 3: Memorabilia 1916-1976 

Box

Tickets and souvenir programs, 1964 Christmas cards, Culver Military Academy naval manuals, records of July 1961 Martin Speech, Harvard National Lampoon and Alumni Association Magazines   300.0 items.

17

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