Guide to the Vardis Fisher Papers 1922-1970
Cage 229

Summary Information

Manuscripts, Archives, and Special Collections, Washington State University Libraries
Fisher, Vardis
Vardis Fisher Papers
Cage 229
Date [inclusive]
1400.0 items.
General Physical Description note
2 linear feet of shelf space.
Correspondence, interviews, articles, scholarly works by and about Vardis Fisher; correspondence, notes and other papers about the Federal Writers Project; and other papers compiled and collected by R.W. Taber as part of his research on Fisher and the Writers' Project. Also, letters from Fisher and his wife, Opal Laurel Holmes Fisher, to Jasper and Inez Puckett McEwen. Other correspondents are Frederick Manfred and Alan Swallow.

Preferred Citation note

[Item Description]. Cage 229, Vardis Fisher Papers . Manuscripts, Archives, and Special Collections, Washington State University Libraries, Pullman, WA.

Return to Table of Contents »

Biographical/Historical note

Vardis Alvero Fisher

Vardis Alvero Fisher was born March 31, 1895, at Annis, Idaho, of Mormon parents. He received an A.B. degree in English at the University of Utah (1920). He followed this up with graduate work at the University of Chicago where he received an M.A. (1922) and Ph.D. (1925). He subsequently taught at the University of Utah, New York University, and the University of Montana. In 1928 his first novel was published, a forerunner of a long and productive writing career. By 1935 he had retired from teaching to continue his writing. Within a few years, as an impoverished author, he eagerly accepted the position as director of the Idaho Guide project, a part of the depression-based Works Progress Administration. Fisher's directorship produced the first state guide published. It was written almost entirely by Fisher as none of his relief workers were writers. Following his experiences with government relief projects Fisher returned to his own writing, moving to a ranch near Hagerman, Idaho. His writings include a twelve volume series The Testament of Man, the four volume Vridar Hunter tetrology, and a score of other works. He died at his home near Hagerman July 9, 1968, and was survived by his wife Opal.

Inez Puckett McEwen

Among Fisher's correspondents and acquaintances was another Idaho author and journalist, Inez Puckett McEwen. She was born in 1904 in Iowa though raised in the west. At the time of her correspondence with Fisher she was living on a ranch near Kimberly, Idaho, the scene o£ the autobiographical So This is Ranching (1948). She is now living and writing in California.

Ronald Warren Taber

Born in 1942, Ron Taber was a graduate student in the American Studies Program at Washington State University when he first approached Vardis Fisher in 1965 with the idea of basing his dissertation on Fisher's historical novels. Eventually changing his topic to a study of the Federal Writer's Project, Taber continued his contact with Fisher through correspondence and interviews, especially regarding Fisher's role in the project. The title of his dissertation, presented in 1969, was: The Federal Writer's Project in the Pacific Northwest: a case study. In addition Taber wrote  Vardis Fisher and the Idaho Guide: Preserving Culture for the New Deal, which appeared in Pacific Northwest Quarterly, v. 59 (April 1968). While these studies were based in part on the material in the present collection, additional material was compiled by Taber in contemplation of a full-length biography of Fisher.

Return to Table of Contents »

Arrangement note

The papers are arranged in two main series: the papers of Inez Puckett McEwen and the papers of Ronald Warren Taber. The subject and main correspondent of both series is Vardis Fisher.

The McEwen material consists of letters received from Fisher and diary entries about Fisher.

The Taber material is more complicated, reflecting his concern with his dissertation research, of which Fisher was only a part, and his correspondence with Vardis Fisher. This correspondence eventually transcended the usual biographer and biographee relationship. Taber's material consists, then, of correspondence received from Vardis and Opal Fisher; correspondence about Fisher, western literature, and the Federal Writer's Project; notes and tapes of interviews; Taber's class papers; notes and photocopies of manuscript and archival collections; copies of Fisher's clippings and unpublished scholarly theses; as well as copies of other published and unpublished material about Fisher.

Return to Table of Contents »

Administrative Information

Publication Information

Manuscripts, Archives, and Special Collections, Washington State University Libraries © 1974
Terrell Library
P.O. Box 645610
Pullman, WA, 99164-5610

Conditions Governing Access note

This collection is open for research use.

Immediate Source of Acquisition note

The papers of Vardis Fisher, Northwest author, were received from two separate sources. The first was from the papers of Idaho author Inez Puckett McEwen who was one of Fisher's correspondents. These were separated from the McEwen Collection in January, 1969, with the approval of Mrs. McEwen. The second part resulted from the efforts of Ronald W. Taber to utilize Fisher's efforts on the Idaho Guide as a major part of his dissertation. These papers were the gift of R. W. Taber to the Washington State University Library in February, 1974.

Return to Table of Contents »

Controlled Access Headings

Corporate Name(s)

  • Federal Writers' Project (Idaho)


  • Authors, American -- 20th century--Correspondence

Personal Name(s)

  • Fisher, Opal Laurel Holmes
  • Fisher, Vardis, 1895-1968 --Archives
  • Manfred, Frederick Feikema, 1912-
  • McEwen, Inez Puckett
  • Swallow, Alan, 1915-1966
  • Taber, Ronald Warren, 1942-


  • Idaho
  • Literature

Return to Table of Contents »

Collection Inventory

Series 1: Inez Puckett McEwen Papers 

Box Folder

Correspondence, between Vardis Fisher, Opal Fisher, Richard J. Pead and I. P. McEwen 1949-1955   203.0 items.

1 1-2

Fisher, Vardis. The miracle of electricity 1952   11 p. typescript (carbon)

1 3

Diary fragments, of Inez Puckett McEwen, concerning V. Fisher. 1948-1962   38 l. holograph and typescript.

1 4

Photocopies of Fisher material in the McEwen Papers. 

1 5

Return to Table of Contents »

Series 2: Ronald Warren Taber Papers 

Letters of Vardis and Opal Fisher to R. W. Taber. 

Box Folder

 1965-1966   53.0 items.

1 6

 1967-1970   65.0 items.

1 7
Box Folder

Photocopies of the Fisher-Taber correspondence.   129 l.

1 8

Correspondence, of Ronald Warren Taber, about Fisher, the American Guide Project, and western literature. Correspondents include: Caxton Printers, Alan Swallaw, Wallace Stegner, Leslie A. Fiedler, Frederick Manfred, Nard Jones, Archie Binns, Virginia McConnell, Kenneth Larson, the Pacific Northwest Quarterly, Herbert N. Harris, and Awilda Shorter. 1965-1968   50.0 items.

2 9

Notes, clippings and other papers of Ronald Warren Taber about Fisher and the American Guide Project.   47.0 items.

2 10

Taber, Ronald Warren. Remembrance as technique: form and matter in autobiographical fiction. May 31, 1967   16 p. typescript (photocopy)

2 11

[Taber, Ronald Warren]. Vardis Fisher: New directions for the historical novel. 1967   [17] p. typescript.

2 11

Taber, Ronald Warren. John Winthrop and the managed economy: But it held not long. January 23, 1968   17 p. typescript (mimeo)

2 11

Interview notes and transcripts, with Vardis Fisher, Richard Pead, Edward Langworthy, the Lawsons and others 1966-1967   16.0 items.

2 12

Notes on manuscript and archives collections concerning Vardis Fisher and the American Guide Project   92 3 x 5 cards, 164 4 x 6 cards, 36 5 x 8 cards

2 13

Fisher, Vardis. Vardis Fisher Says [newspaper column], clippings 1966-1968   125.0 items.

2 14

Phonotapes of interviews and panel discussions 1966-1968. 

3 15

Fisher, Vardis. Interview by R.W. Taber, Hagerman, Idaho April 12, 1967   Phonotape. 2 reels (5 in.) 3 3/4 in. per sec.

3 15

Fisher, Opal Laurel Holmes. Interview by R.W. Taber August 13, 1968   Phonotape. 1 reel (5 in.) 3 3/4 in. per sec.

3 15

Mead, Irene Fisher. Interview by R.W. Taber August 14, 1968   Phonotape. 1 reel (5 in.) 3 3/4 in. per sec. Dual track recorded on both.

3 15

Discussion between Carl Hayden, Bob Gardner, John LeMagne, Jim Barlogi, Opal Fisher and Ron W. Taber August 13, 1968   Phonotape. 2 reels (5 in.) 3 3/4 in. per sec.

3 15

Symposium on the Historical Novel, Washington State University, Pullman, Washington November 11-12, 1966   Phonotape. 3 reels (5 in.) 3 3/4 in. per sec.

Scope and Contents note

Reel one contains: The Western Voice in American Literature with panelists Frederick Manfred, Archie Binns, Alan Swallow, Warren Clare, moderated by Charles Blackburn. Reels two and three contain:  What is a Historical Novel? A discussion of the use of history for literary purposes. with panelists Vardis Fisher, C. L. Sonnichsen, Alan Swallow, Ron W. Taber and moderated by George Watkins.

3 15

Photocopies from the Robert E. Burke Papers, University of Washington   68 l.

3 16

Photocopies from the Mary Farquharson Papers, University of Washington   101 l.

3 17

Photocopies from the Washington Writer's Project Records, Washington State Historical Society   40 l.

3 18

Letters, of Vardis Fisher, to Mary and Robert Lawson. 1961-1963   19 l. (photocopy)

4 19

Letters, of Vardis Fisher, to Herbert C. Roseman. 1965-1968   14 l. (photocopy)

4 20

Fisher, Vardis. London low life and Daniel Defoe. Master's thesis, University of Chicago. 1922   121 p. (photocopy)

4 21

Fisher, Vardis. George Meredith's literary reputation: 1850-1885. Doctoral dissertation, University of Chicago. 1925   285 p. (photocopy)

4 22

Rein, David. Vardis Fisher: challenge to evasion. Preface by Vardis Fisher. Chicago, Normandie House. 1938   pp. 1-9, 38-63 (photocopy)

4 23

Crandall, Allen. Fisher of the Antelope Hills. Manhattan, Ks., The Crandall Press. 1949   38 p. (photocopy)

4 24

Flora, Joseph Martin. Vardis Fisher's story of Vridar Hunter: a study in theory and revision. Doctoral dissertation, University of Michigan 1962   pp. 1-31, 198-222. (photocopy)

4 25

Publications by and about Fisher, his work and his critics. Including George Kellog's bibliography of Fisher (1961), the Vardis Fisher number of American Book Collector (1963) and Vardis Fisher: a critical summary (1939) a promotional pamphlet published by Caxton.   8.0 items.

4 26

Return to Table of Contents »