Back to Finding Aids
Washington State University Libraries
Manuscripts, Archives, and Special Collections
Pullman, WA 99164-5610 USA
(509) 335-6691
Inquiries

PC 64
Cascade Locks, Oregon
Photographs, 1894-1895

Theses photographs were a gift of William E. Aldrich and Cora Aldrich, both of Spokane, WA, in 1960. Their father, E.M. Aldrich, was a master mechanic during the construction of the Cascade Locks dams in the early 1890s; the photographs were taken by his company, Day Contracters, and later given to the Aldrich family.


Number of Containers: 1
Number of Items: 39

ORGANIZATIONAL HISTORY

Congress appropriated money for a set of locks at the Cascades of the Columbia in 1876, but subsequent contractors proved to be exceedingly slow and dissatisfactory; in 1892 Day Contractors assumed the contract. In June of 1894, the largest Columbia River flood in modern history hit the area, and though the area's portage railroad was washed out, workmen and townspeople managed to save the locks. They were completed in 1896. Most of the Locks were subsequently flooded in 1938 by the construction of Bonneville Dam, just five miles downriver.

ARRANGEMENT AND DESCRIPTION

This collection consists of construction scenes of the Cascade Locks, photographs of the town and of the Columbia River at high and low water, 1894 - 1895, and donor correspondence, 1958-1960. Many of the photographs contain a small amount of additional information, penciled in on the photos or their backs. The majority of the photographs are approximately 24 x 19 cm., mounted on thick 30 x 25 cm. backings.

Box Folder Description # of
Items
1 1 Copy prints from negatives 5
2 Cascade Locks on the Columbia, high water, 1894. 1
3 High water on the Columbia River, 1895. 1
4 Lock construction, flood scene, c. 1893 - 1896. 1
5 Cascade Locks Canal, high water, 1894. 1
6 Cascade Locks Canal, high water, 1894. 1
7 Upper bulkhead Cascade Locks, kept 6 ft. above the water, 1894. 1
8 Main St. in Cascade Locks, Oregon, The old town, O.R. & N. track, 1894. 1
9 Civil Engineers quarters on reservation, low water, undated. 1
10 High water, Cascade Locks, 1894 or 1895. 1
11 Constructing gates, Cascade Locks, OR, 1895. 1
12 Main gate, Cascade Locks, OR, 1894 or 1895. 1
13 High water, Cascade Locks, 1894. 1
14 Power House Island during flood, 1894. 1
15 Cascade Locks, during flood, 1894. 1
16 Cascade Locks Canal, 1894. 1
17 Boat landing, lower bulk head, Cascade Locks, 1894. 1
18 Stone yard and finishing shed, high water, 1894. 1
19 Stone yard and finishing shed, 1894. 1
20 Lower gate, Cascade Locks, 1895. (shown, above right) 1
21 Lower gate, Cascade Locks, 1894. 1
22 High water at the locks, 1894. 1
23 Low water, 1895. 1
24 Low water, 1894. 1
25 Flood level on cement shed, 1895. 1
26 Main gate, Cascade Locks Canal, 1894. 1
27 Section of gate for locks, 1894. 1
28 Wreck of gate segments for Cascade Locks 1
29 Gate sections for Cascade Lock Canal, 1894. 1
30 Guard gate, Cascade Locks, 1894. 1
31 Stone shed, Cascade Locks, 1894. 1
32 Lower gate, water went 50 ft. over gate, 1894 or 1895. 1
33 Cascade Locks, 1894. 1
34 Low water, Cascade Locks, 1894? 1
35 Donor correspondence, c. 1960. 1