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Cassette Tape Collection 3
Pacific Northwest Farm Forum Taped Addresses, 1978

Tape recordings of the proceedings of the 1978 Pacific Northwest Farm Forum held in Spokane, Washington were donated to the Washington State University Libraries in March 1978 by KCLX Radio of Colfax, Washington through A. DeVries. The tapes were abstracted by Margot Knight in July 1979. They consist of 12 tapes.

BACKGROUND SKETCH

The 25th Annual Pacific Northwest Farm Forum was held in Spokane, Washington January 18-19, 1978, at the Opera House and the Sheraton Spokane Hotel under the sponsorship of the Agricultural Bureau of the Spokane Area Chamber of Commerce.

DESCRIPTION AND ARRANGEMENT

The recordings are in the same order as the events, addresses, and sessions they document. The accompanying forum program outlines-the various sessions and speakers. There are no recordings of the speeches given by Dr. Arthur V. Douglas, Jack E. Johnson, Representative Tom Foley, or Robert Liebenow. Jim Herman was replaced by Dr. Sue Hayes. For further reference, a program from the Forum is kept with the print version of this finding aid.


Interview Identification Number: 3/1
Speaker: Ron Bair; G. Burton Wood
Location of Interview: Spokane, WA
Date of Interview: January 18, 1978
Length of Interview: 30 minutes

Abstractor: Margot H. Knight
Date of Abstraction: 6/22/1979

Release: Yes
Restrictions: No

TapeEstimated time on tapePrincipal subjects covered
 
Tape 1
Side A
0 - 4Pledge of Allegiance. Opening remarks by Ron Bair, Mayor of Spokane.
 
Dr. G. Burton Wood--"The Past is Prologue".
4 - 8Reminiscence of the first Pacific Northwest Farm Forum in 1954. Changes in agriculture over the last 25 years.
8 - 12Agriculture as a cyclical business. World food supplies.
12 - 18Increase of efficiency of resource use in agriculture. Human resource development.

Interview Identification Number: 3/2
Speaker: Forest L. Goetsch; Richard Lyng
Location of Interview: Spokane, WA
Date of Interview: January 18, 1978
Length of Interview: 40 minutes

Abstractor: Margot H. Knight
Date of Abstraction: 6/22/1979

Release: Yes
Restrictions: No

TapeEstimated time on tapePrincipal subjects covered
 
Tape 1
Side A
0 - 2Introduction by Don Jacobson.
 
Forest L. Goetsch---"Ag Prospects '78"
2 - 7Decline of farm and ranch profits-. Farmers' demands for cost of production or 100 percent of parity. Problems with parity. Export production.
7 - 15Trends in assets and debts for U.S. farms. Increasing mortgage on land can provide working capital for farmers. Present U.S. farm policy--advantages and disadvantages. Cattle prices and beef market. Hog prices. Dairy farmers.
15 - 21Grain prices. Wheat production. Feed grains. Barley. Dry bean market. Potato stocks.
21 - 30Profits and risks in agriculture. New land used for crops throughout the world. Agricultural development in underdeveloped nations. Encouraging new competition.
Tape 1
Side B
0 - 2Repeat of end of SIDE A.
 
Richard Lyng--"Update on Meat".
2 - 4Necessity for an agriculture advocate in Washington, D.C.
4 - 8Nitrites in processed meat. Banning nitrates would be disasterous. The burden is being put on the meat industry by the Department of Agriculture.
8 - 9Problems in American agriculture.

Interview Identification Number: 3/3
Speaker: B.L. Hauenstein
Location of Interview: Spokane, WA
Date of Interview: January 18, 1978
Length of Interview: 17 minutes

Abstractor: Margot H. Knight
Date of Abstraction: 6/22/1979

Release: Yes
Restrictions: No

TapeEstimated time on tapePrincipal subjects covered
 
Tape 1
Side A
0 - 2Blank
 
B.L. Hauenstein---"Money, Management & Methods of Agricultural Financing".
2 - 9Problems of high operating expenses and inflation. Land expansion. Pressure to expand production.
9 - 14Rate of increase for interest rates. Uncertainty among farmers and financiers. Particular problems with surviving in the cattle business-. Using market futures.
14 - 17Franchise food business. Financing suppliers to fast food outlets. New developments in the cattle business.

Interview Identification Number: 3/4
Speaker: Bob Bergland
Location of Interview: Spokane, WA
Date of Interview: January 17, 1978
Length of Interview: 37 minutes

Abstractor: Margot H. Knight
Date of Abstraction: 6/25/1979

Release: Yes
Restrictions: No

TapeEstimated time on tapePrincipal subjects covered
 
Bob Bergland--Press Conference.
Tape 1
Side A
0 - 4Major farm bill legislation--crop insurance. Farmer's Home Administration.
4 - 6Price consumers pay for bread. Cost of food processing. The consumers demand oven-ready-foods.
6 - 7Demonstrations go with his job.
7 - 9Explosions in grain elevators. Supplies of U.S. wheat
9 - 10More about prevention of grain elevator explosions.
10 - 12Use oŁ pesticides.
12 - 16The wheat market. Export development. Food aid as an economic developing tool as opposed to a surplus dumping device.
16 - 19Problems with the cattle business. Changing import policy so it is more market oriented.
19 - 20Parity.
20 - 23Importance of an international wheat agreement.
23 - 28More on the parity problem and the American Agricultural movement. Financing graineries on farms. Orderly marketing by farmers.
28 - 30Trade with Japan.
Tape 1
Side B
0 - 1Repeat of the end of SIDE A
1 - 2More about the trade with Japan. Getting Japan to buy more American manufactured goods. Trade deficit with Japan.
2 - 7Food for Peace Program. Food aid programs. The example of Malaysia. Identifying needs of developing countries.

INTERVIEW ABSTRACT

Interview Identification Number: 3/5
Speaker: Bob Bergland
Location of Interview: Spokane, WA
Date of Interview: January 18, 1978
Length of Interview: 44 minutes

Abstractor: Margot H. Knight
Date of Abstraction: 6/25/1979

Release: Yes
Restrictions: No

TapeEstimated time on tapePrincipal subjects covered
 
Tape 1
Side A
0 - 9Introductions for Evening Banquet
9 - 12Tom Foley talks about Eugene F. Whelan, Canadian Minister of Agriculture.
12 - 16Foley introduces Bob Bergland, U.S. Secretary of Agriculture.
 
Bob Bergland--Address.
16 - 30His appointment by Jimmy Carter. Why he decided to accept the appointment.
Tape 1
Side B
0 - 4More about how he feels about the role of his position.
4 - 14Where agriculture is headed in the U.S. and the world. Keeping the global market in mind. Building a stable agricultural policy. Expanding export markets.

INTERVIEW ABSTRACT

Interview Identification Number: 3/6
Speaker: Bob Bergland
Location of Interview: Spokane, WA
Date of Interview: January 18, 1978
Length of Interview: 33 minutes

Abstractor: Margot H. Knight
Date of Abstraction: 6/25/1979

Release: Yes
Restrictions: No

TapeEstimated time on tapePrincipal subjects covered
 
Bob Bergland--continuation of evening address.
Tape 1
Side A
0 - 2Financing graineries- on farms.
2 - 5Government's- role in parity. Various-problems with 100 percent parity.
5 - 6Establishing an international wheat agreement.
6 - 9Carol Foreman's consumer advocacy. Food policies.
9 - 11Establishing a wheat cartel. Problems- establishing a good farm policy.
11 - 12Set-aside program.
12 - 14160 acre reclamation laws.
14 - 15Subsidies for tobacco growers. Economics should not be mixed with health considerations.
15 - 18USDA crop production figures. Private surveys.
18 - 21Grain reserve program.
21 - 22Separation of various departments within USDA. Streamlining the government bureaucracy. Abstractor:- Date: Time: Margot H. Knight 6/25/79 18 mins.
22 - 24Problems with dairy surpluses.
24 - 26Gasahol.
26 - 28Economic problems with human rights policy.
28 - 30Bushel marketing quotas.
Tape 1
Side B
0 - 1Repeat of end of SIDE A
1 - 3Why beef is imported when cattle production in the U.S. is low. Cyclical importation.
3 - 8Food stamp program. Multi-national wheat agreement and the free market. Russia's wheat needs.
8 - 10Establishing a higher price of wheat. Oil prices and land prices and their relation to agriculture.
10 - 13Disaster payments. Disaster loans. Crop insurance. FHA credit.

INTERVIEW ABSTRACT

Interview Identification Number: 3/7
Speakers: Bob Nicholson; Eileen Zielinski; Kay Wilson
Location of Interview: Spokane, WA
Date of Interview: January 19, 1978
Length of Interview: 35 minutes

Abstractor: Margot H. Knight
Date of Abstraction: 6/25/1979

Release: Yes
Restrictions: No

TapeEstimated time on tapePrincipal subjects covered
 
Bob Nicholson, Washington State Director of Agriculture.
Tape 1
Side A
0 - 7Opportunities for women in agriculture. Role of the woman on the farm. Economics of farming. Importance of preservation of agricultural land. How to keep young people in the farming community.
7 - 8Introductions of panel-members.
 
Eileen Zielinski.
8 - 20The decline of the family farmer. Unknown problems in agriculture. Energy. Mismanagement of the food system. Trade policies. Farmers must unify. Unneeded regulations-about farming from OSHA. What the Oregon Women for Agriculture are doing.
 
Kay Wilson.
20 - 30Women are more active than ever in agriculture and politics. What the California Women for Agriculture are doing. Urban consumers- don't understand the complexities of farming.
Tape 1
Side B
0 - 5Involvement in legislation, environmental issue, American Agriwomen, religion, academic areas, and the Consumer Task Force. Telling agriculture's story.

INTERVIEW ABSTRACT

Interview Identification Number: 3/8
Speaker: Janet Allison
Location of Interview: Spokane, WA
Date of Interview: January 19, 1978
Length of Interview: 20 minutes

Abstractor: Margot H. Knight
Date of Abstraction: 6/25/1979

Release: Yes
Restrictions: No

TapeEstimated time on tapePrincipal subjects covered
 
Janet Allison.
Tape 1
Side A
0 - 12Undeveloped talents of farm women. OSHARs regulations. What the Washington Women for the Survival of Agriculture are doing. Emergency pesticide regulations. Educating the general public about agriculture. Agriculture leadership programs.
 
Question and Answer Session
12 - 16Protecting the land from urban sprawl.
16 - 20Job opportunities for women in farming other than as farm wives.

INTERVIEW ABSTRACT

Interview Identification Number: 3/9
Speakers: Ronald D. Knutson; Sue Hayes
Location of Interview: Spokane, WA
Date of Interview: January 19, 1978
Length of Interview: 39 minutes

Abstractor: Margot H. Knight
Date of Abstraction: 6/26/1979

Release: Yes
Restrictions: No

TapeEstimated time on tapePrincipal subjects covered
 
Dr. Ronald D. Knutson--"Our Marketing Potentials".
Tape 1
Side A
0 - 4Role of government in pricing in agriculture. The status of the family farm.
4 - 7Farming as a tax relief for non-farming investors. Contemporary government policies-. Trend toward bigness in agriculture.
7 - 14How to preserve the family farm. Marketing strategies must be able to compete with the larger companies. The grain export business. The beef industry. What producers can do.
14 - 20What can the government do to preserve the family farm.
20 - 23Conclusions about the importance of the family farm.
 
Sue Hayes--"Agriculture Looks at Labor"
23 - 30Relationship of agriculture to labor. Value differences.
Tape 1
Side B
0 - 5Agricultural labor--2/3 by farm families and farmers. Migrant workers are not in the majority.
5 - 8More about transient workers in various areas of the U.S. Low wages for farm workers. Many farmers don't make minimum wage.
8 - 9How hired labor affects the family farmer.

INTERVIEW ABSTRACT

Interview Identification Number: 3/10
Speakers: Sue Hayes; G. Burton Wood
Location of Interview: Spokane, WA
Date of Interview: January 19, 1978
Length of Interview: 34 minutes

Abstractor: Margot H. Knight
Date of Abstraction: 6/26/1979

Release: Yes
Restrictions: No

TapeEstimated time on tapePrincipal subjects covered
 
Dr. Sue Hayes--"Agriculture Looks-at Labor".
Tape 1
Side A
0 - 10Labor Union movement in agriculture. Seasonal agriculture. Unionization does not necessarily mean higher prices for consumers. Sometimes producers-move when labor costs increase. Decisions generally go in favor of the worker.
10 - 17Advantages- and disadvantages of union contracts for farmers. Mechanization. Future of agricultural unions.
 
Dr. G. Burton Wood--"Food for Thought".
17 - 22Introductions. Opening remarks.
22 - 30Importance of the Pacific Northwest Farm Forum. Expanding involvement in the politics of agriculture. Expanding markets and market penetration.
Tape 1
Side B
0 - 4Export markets. More on importance of Farm Forum.

INTERVIEW ABSTRACT

Interview Identification Number: 3/11
Speaker: Eugene F. Whelan
Location of Interview: Spokane, WA
Date of Interview: January 19, 1978
Length of Interview: 43 minutes

Abstractor: Margot H. Knight
Date of Abstraction: 6/26/1979

Release: Yes
Restrictions: No

TapeEstimated time on tapePrincipal subjects covered
 
Eugene F. Whelan-Luncheon Address.
Tape 1
Side A
0 - 2Introduction.
2 - 6Relationship with Bob Bergland, Playing hockey.
6 -- 9Agriculture from the Canadian perspective. Similarities between beef farmers. Problems between beef producers on both sides of the border.
9 - 16Beef and veal imports and exports. His activities with farm organizations. Marketing quotas-for dairy products. Shared programs.
16 - 22Differences between America and Canada with regards to agriculture. Concept of an international wheat agreement. Canadian Wheat Program.
22 _ 30Egg production and export. Imported agricultural products, Canadians spend less of their income on food than Americans.
Tape 1
Side B
0 - 6Canadian marketing co-ops-. Stability of domestic market is their primary concern. Voluntary crop insurance funds.
6 - 9Competition for markets between U.S. and Canada. Canadian potatoes. Canadian apples-.
9 - 13Tariffs the U.S. levies interfere with free market and open trade for many Canadian- products. Canadian soy beans. Example of corn market in U.S. and Canada.

INTERVIEW ABSTRACT

Interview Identification Number: 3/12
Speaker: Eugene F. Whelan
Location of Interview: Spokane, WA
Date of Interview: January 19, 1978
Length of Interview: 38 minutes

Abstractor: Margot H. Knight
Date of Abstraction: 6/26/1979

Release: Yes
Restrictions: No

TapeEstimated time on tapePrincipal subjects covered
 
Eugene F. Whelan--Press Conference.
Tape 1
Side A
0 - 6Introductory remarks. A general feeling that Canada and Canadians are taken for granted. Problems-in the trading of beef.
6 - 9Effect of American farmers' strikes on Canadian farmers. New Food Strategy now being implemented in Canada.
9 - 11Price controls.
11 - 13Progress on an international wheat agreement.
13 - 16Disease problems in the U.S. among cattle.
16 - 19Discussions with Bob Bergland. He doesn't have as much power as Bergland does.
19 - 22Possibility of a wheat cartel.
22 - 26Present administration of U.S. agrees with many of Canada's agricultural policies.- Competition between Canada and the U.S. for grain markets. Domestic price of wheat is stable in Canada.
26 - 28Prediction of Canada's wheat crop.
28 - 30He, too, was once a farm organizer and understands the position of the striking farmers in the U.S.
Tape 1
Side B
0 - 3More about what Canada can do to help American striking farmers to understand the Canadian agricultural system.
3 - 5The Canadian Wheat Board and their pooling system. Feed grain sold off the board.
5 - 8Competition between the U.S. and Canada for foreign wheat markets. Policies of the Canadian Wheat Board and their priorities.