Guide to the Arthur Earl Victor Papers 1927-1944
Cage 376

Summary Information

Repository
Manuscripts, Archives, and Special Collections, Washington State University Libraries
Creator
Victor,Arthur Earl
Title
Arthur Earl Victor Papers
ID
Cage 376
Date [inclusive]
1927-1944
Extent
2400.0 items.
General Physical Description note
4 linear feet of shelf space.
Language
English
Abstract
Correspondence, reports, memoranda, field diaries and notebooks, photographs and printed material regarding Civilian Conservation Corps activities (particularly in combating soil erosion) in Washington, Idaho, and Oregon.

Preferred Citation note

[Item Description]. Cage 376, Arthur Earl Victor Papers. Manuscripts, Archives, and Special Collections, Washington State University Libraries, Pullman, WA.

Return to Table of Contents »


Biographical/Historical note

Arthur Earl Victor was born on March 30, 1900, in May View, Washington. He attended high school in Oregon and in Pullman, Washington. He served in the United States Navy from June 1918 to March 1919. Victor attended Oregon State College at Corvallis for a year after leaving the Navy. From June 1920 to March 1934 when he went to work for the Federal Government, Victor held a number of positions which primarily involved his skills with machinery and carpentry. From March to May 1934 Victor worked for the U.S. Geological Survey in Pullman; in May of that year he went to work for the Soil Conservation Service (SCS) as an engineer-foreman with duties as camp engineer in the first Soil Erosion 200-man Civilian Conservation Corps (CCC) camp in the Pacific Northwest. Victor was in charge of developing methods of erosion control on gullies, developed springs, masonry dams, seeding, and sodding. He also developed work and cost reports and job training classes for foremen and enrollees. In June 1935 he was promoted to Assistant State Administrator of the CCC and in December of that year he was promoted again to Assistant Regional Administrator. In this position Victor assisted in the development of an organization to supervise 18 CCC camps in the three Northwest states. Victor was responsible for building construction, equipment, purchase, maintenance, and reports, and enrollee education and training. In June 1938 he was assigned to the Regional Information Division which focused his attention on training for foremen and enrollees. This position lasted for a little over a year and in November 1939 Victor returned to his administrative duties as Assistant Regional Administrator. During his tenure with the CCC, Victor traveled extensively giving educational presentations about soil erosion to farmers and CCC personnel. The documentation in the Victor papers ends in late 1942 at which time Victor was still with the Soil Conservation Service in his capacity as Assistant Regional Administrator.

The Civilian Conservation Corp was created by an act approved by Congress on June 28, 1937, as amended, to succeed the Emergency Conservation Work (ECW) which was established by Executive order number 6101 of April 5, 1933. The CCC was reorganized and made a part of the Federal Security Agency as of July 1, 1939. In May 1940 the Corps began converting to defense work on military reservations and forest protection. The Labor-Federal Security Appropriation Act of 1943 provided for the liquidation of the CCC not later than June 30, 1943.

Return to Table of Contents »


Scope and Contents note

The A.E. Victor collection includes material from 1927 through 1942, but the bulk of the material covers the period 1934 through 1942.

Return to Table of Contents »


Arrangement note

The papers are arranged in five series: Correspondence; Subject File; Publications, Pamphlets, Reports and Guides; Notebooks; and Photographs and Slides.

The first series, Correspondence, is arranged chronologically by year from 1934 through 1942. This series contains both incoming and outgoing correspondence from Victor and is primarily to and from his superiors in the Soil Conservation Service, particularly with his immediate supervisor, A.W. Middleton. This series also contains Victor's private correspondence with friends, his applications for promotion within the CCC, job records and descriptions, and income tax records.

The second series, the Subject File, was constructed by the processor from non-correspondence material in the accession. The Subject File is arranged alphabetically by subject, and contains material related to Victor's work with the CCC. Included in the Subject File are lessons and course material for training CCC enrollees, CCC newspapers and clippings, construction information for CCC buildings, soil erosion information, and vouchers detailing Victor's travels from 1936 through 1942.

The third series consists of publications, pamphlets, reports, and guides. The bulk of this material was published by the SCS, the CCC or other government agencies. Included in this series is an article by Victor for Northwest Science, 1935, entitled: Some Effects of Cultivation Upon Stream History and Upon the Topography of the Palouse Region.

The fourth series, Notebooks, includes Victor's notebooks during his employment with the CCC: notebooks, 1935-1939; field diaries, 1937-1942; appointment books, 1934-1937; personnel notebooks for SCS, ECW, and CCC; equipment notebook, 1942; intra-office memo notebook, 1937; telegram book, 1935; time books, 1927 and 1942; lesson notes, 1934; travel expenses, 1937-1938; and general notebooks, undated.

The fifth series, Photographs and Slides, consists of about 1100 photographs and slides of CCC personnel, camps, equipment, work, and activities in the Pacific Northwest (Washington, Oregon, and Idaho).

Return to Table of Contents »


Administrative Information

Publication Information

Manuscripts, Archives, and Special Collections, Washington State University Libraries © ca 1982

http://www.wsulibs.wsu.edu/masc
Terrell Library
P.O. Box 645610
Pullman, WA, 99164-5610
509-335-6691
mascref@wsu.edu

Conditions Governing Access note

This collection is open for research use.

Immediate Source of Acquisition note

The papers of Arthur Earl Victor (b. 1900) were donated to the Washington State University Libraries in July 1977, by Mr. Victor (77-40).

Processing Information note

The papers were arranged and described by Stephen E. Balzarini. The photographs were arranged by Dave Smested.

Return to Table of Contents »


Related Materials

Related Archival Materials note

Further of Arthur Earl Victor papers were donated in 1989 and are kept as a separate collection, Cage 594.

Return to Table of Contents »


Controlled Access Headings

Corporate Name(s)

  • Civilian Conservation Corps (U.S.)--Northwest, Pacific
  • United States. Soil Conservation Service

Personal Name(s)

  • Victor, Arthur Earl--Archives

Subject(s)

  • Photographs
  • Public Works
  • Soil conservation--Northwest, Pacific
  • Washington (State)

Return to Table of Contents »


General note

Part of Idaho Photograph series

Return to Table of Contents »


Collection Inventory

Series 1: Correspondence 

Box Folder

Correspondence undated   55

1 1

Correspondence 1934-1942   415

1 2-9

Return to Table of Contents »


Series 2: Subject File 

Box Folder

Camp buildings 1938   2

1 10

Certified lists--Washington, Oregon, and Idaho 1935   8

1 11

Course Material 

Box Folder

Soil Conservation and Natural Resources undated   5

1 12

SCS Lessons, Units 1-6 undated   20

1 13

Directories 

Regional Office Personnel; Project and Camp Personnel; Washington D.C. Personnel 

Box Folder

 1937-1939   20

1 14

 1938-1939   40

1 15
Box Folder

SCS, Pacific Coast Region 1944   1

1 16
Box Folder

ECW Personnel undated   20

1 17

Educational Conference, CCC Nov. 1-3 1939   1

1 18

Erosion talk--Northwest Scientific Association, Dec 1934   15

1 19

Essays on Soil Conservation by Lewis-Clark High School Students 1938   25

1 20

Film Strip Project 

Box Folder

Correspondence 1941   1

1 21

Lessons (list of slides and text) 1938   70

1 22
Box Folder

Forms 1940   3

1 23

Gully Control 1934   6

1 24

Meteorology notes 1935   25

1 25

Newspapers 

Box Folder

CCC Review Oct-Dec 1935   5

1 26

Clippings 1934-1938   25

1 27

Clippings--CCC participation in winter of 1936 1936   30

1 28

Lewis-Clark Trail Blazer Oct 1935-Nov 1936   10

1 29

Contributions to the Northwester (newsletter)   25

1 30

Northwester, Vol. 1, Nos. 4, 5; Vol. 2, Nos. 1-7, 12; Vol. 3, Nos. 1, 2, 5.   13

1 31

Nursery Buildings 

Box Folder

Blueprints 1936   25

1 32

Correspondence with Consulting Architect 1936   95

1 33
Box Folder

Organizational Charts 1938 1941   20

1 34-36

Sagehen Dam, Gem Co., Idaho, Plans and Specs. 1937   1

1 37

Side Camps, Notes on 1940-1941   7

1 38

Training Specifications, Committee on CCC 1941   50

2 39

Travel Vouchers 1936-1942   115

2 40-41

Washington D.C. Trip Sept-Oct 1941   40

2 42

Work schedules undated   3

2 43

Return to Table of Contents »


Series 3 Publications, Pamphlets, Reports, and Guides 

Box Folder

Farm Planning and Management Handbook 1941   1

2 44

Field Instructions, SCS, Region 11 1936   1

2 45

Instructions, CCC, 9th Corps Area 1935   1

2 46

Lord, Russell. "To Hold This Soil." SCS 1938   1

2 47

Pamphlets, Reports and Guides--SCS, CCC   20

2 48

Pamphlets   12

2 49

Victor, A.E. "Some Effects of Cultivation Upon Stream History." Northwest Science 1935   1

2 50

Return to Table of Contents »


Series 4: Notebooks 

Box Folder

Notebooks 1935-1939   12

2 51

Field Diaries 1937-1942   23

2 52

Appointment Books 1934-1937   4

2 53

Personnel Notebooks--SCS, EWC, CCC   2

2 54

CCC Equipment Notebook 1942   1

2 55

Intra-Office Memo Notebook 1937   1

2 56

Western Union Telegram Book 1935   1

2 57

Time Books 1927 1942   2

2 58

Lesson Notes 1934   1

2 59

Traveling Expenses 1937-1938   5

2 60

General Notebooks undated   4

2 61

Return to Table of Contents »


Series 5: Photographs and Slides 

Box Folder

Idaho, black and white photographs   5

3 62

Oregon, black and white photographs   16

3 63

Washington, black and white photographs   31

3 64

Aerial photographs, 8 x 10 black and white, taken Dale Sevarty, National Guard Pilot 1937-1938   37

3 65

Happy Canyon Dam, Oregon, black and white photographs (plus contact prints from nitrate 12-80) 1938   69

3 66

Equipment, black and white photographs   58

3 67

People (identified), black and white photographs   9

3 68

Unidentified, black and white   72

3 69

CCC Camps (Goldendale) and Soil Erosion, 35 mm negatives and unmounted transparencies (black and white)   120

3 70

Correspondence related to photographs   3

3 71

Photograph album of Soil Erosion Service, Project 6 (black and white photographs)   195

3 72

Description of slides in boxes 5-8   4

3 73

Panoramas and oversized photographs 

Box Folder

Dayton Camp 1936   1

4 74

Educational Advisors Meeting, Ft. Wright 1938   1

4 75

Garfield Camp, Pomeroy, WA 1936   1

4 76

Genesee Camp 1936   1

4 77

McConnell Camp, Boise, Idaho 1939   1

4 78

Moscow Camp undated   1

4 79

Moscow Camp 1936   1

4 80

Moscow Camp 1938   1

4 81

Moscow Camp 1938   1

4 82

Moscow Camp 1940   1

4 83

Sagehen Camp, Emmett, Idaho undated   1

4 84

Walla Walla Camp 1936   1

4 85

35 mm slides (for index, see: Folder 73) 

Box

Color slides of CCC related activities in the Pacific Northwest, taken by CCC photographer Mead   116

5

Color and black and white slides taken in Idaho   169

6

Color and black and white slides taken in Oregon   189

7

Color and black and white slides taken in Washington   168

8

Return to Table of Contents »