Guide to the Rolla Kent Beattie Papers 1899-1956
Cage 318

Summary Information

Repository
Washington State University Libraries, Manuscripts, Archives, and Special Collections
Creator
Beattie, Rolla Kent
Title
Rolla Kent Beattie Papers
ID
Cage 318
Date [inclusive]
1899-1956
Extent
16 containers., 8.5 linear feet of shelf space., 56,500 items.
Language
Collection materials are in English.
Abstract
Correspondence and other papers regarding taxonomic investigations of Pacific Northwest plants, of which a major part consists of approximately 50,000 notes and references to literature on Northwest flora and historical and biographical aspects of Northwest botany. Significant correspondents: C.E. Bessey, L.F. Henderson, Aven Nelson, C.V. Piper, Harold St. John, W.N. Suksdorf, A.R. Sweetser.

Preferred Citation

[Item Description]. Cage 318, Rolla Kent Beattie Papers. Manuscripts, Archives, and Special Collections, Washington State University Libraries, Pullman, WA.

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Biography/History

Rolla Kent Beattie was born in Ohio in 1875. He began his botanical career as a student of Charles Bessey at the University of Nebraska. He was an Instructor, then Professor of Botany, at Washington State University from 1899 to 1912, after which he joined the United States Department of Agriculture research staff at Washington, D. C. and remained there as a forest pathologist until retirement in 1946. During his retirement, he traveled extensively and began again the examinations of Northwest Flora which he had largely abandoned in 1912.

In his earlier years, Beattie’s position was mainly that of a collaborator of the more illustrious Charles Vancouver Piper. The work of the two tended to become so intermingled that the respective contributions could not be discerned. However, Beattie’s contribution appears to have been his knowledge of herbaria and literature resources, while Piper had a greater familiarity with field botany and theory. In later years, as Beattie began to see himself as Piper’s successor, his approach continued to follow the line of herbarium and library research. In fact, he took up the line suggested by the "American Rule" school to a much greater degree than had Piper. During this time Beattie amassed a vast compilation of notes on the development of Northwest botany, in which he examined virtually every treatment of all Northwest species from the initial "discovery," through any and all revisions. He also collected much biographical material relative to the various botanists concerned with Northwest Flora.

Beattie spent most of his retirement years collecting this material. His death in 1960 in Bethesda, Maryland followed four years of failing health.

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Scope and Content

The papers of Rolla Kent Beattie consist of his correspondence relative to Northwest botany and his compilation of notes and references to literature on Northwest plants and botanists. Included in his letterbooks are drafts of articles about the spread of introduced plants, as well as considerable correspondence about plants sent to Washington State University by the public for identification.

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Arrangement

Beattie’s correspondence is arranged in chronological sequence. The materials in his notes are divided into foldered materials, arranged in an alphabetical sequence of biographical subjects, and a card file which contains four parts. First, a section on Northwest flora, arranged according to a standard botanical classification arrangement, with species ordered alphabetically within each genus. A second section consists of biographical information arranged alphabetically by the names of Northwest botanists. A third section consists of extensive notes on David Douglas. Fourth is a partial geographic index of Northwest plants, arranged according to region.

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Administrative Information

Publication Information

Washington State University Libraries Manuscripts, Archives, and Special Collections  © 2012

http://www.libraries.wsu.edu/masc/

Terrell Library

P.O. Box 645610

Pullman, WA, 99164-5610 USA

509-335-6691

mascref@wsu.edu

Restrictions on Access

This collection is open for research use.

Custodial History

The papers of R. Kent Beattie, 1875-1960, were donated to the Washington State University Herbarium during the period from 1956 through 1960 by Mr. Beattie.

Acquisition Information

The papers, along with those of four other Pacific Northwest botanists, were donated to the Washington State Library in 1975 by the Marion Ownbey Herbarium on the Washington State Campus.

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Related Materials

Related Material

Additional Botanical manuscripts in MASC may be found in the following collections:

Cage 53: Botanical papers, 1881-1973

Cage 316: Cusick, William Conklin Papers, 1906-1924

Cage 317: Piper, Charles Vancouver Papers, 1888-1926

Cage 319: St. John, Harold Papers, 1912-1957

Cage 315: Suksdorf, Wilhelm Nicolaus Papers, 1867-1935

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Digital Archival Object

Rolla Kent Beattie

Names and Subjects

Personal Name(s)

Creator(s) :
  • Beattie, R. Kent (Rolla Kent), b. 1875 --Archives
Subject(s) :
  • Bessey, Charles E. (Charles Edwin), 1845-1915
  • Henderson, Louis Fourniquet, 1853-
  • Piper, Charles V. (Charles Vancouver), 1867-1926
  • St. John, Harold, 1892-
  • Sweetser, Albert Raddin
  • Suksdorf, Wilhelm, 1850-1932
  • Nelson, Aven, 1859-1952

Subject(s)

  • Botanists -- United States--Correspondence
  • Botany -- Research--Northwest, Pacific
  • Science
  • Washington (State)

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Other Finding Aids

Northwest Botanical Manuscripts: An Indexed Register of the Papers, 1867-1957, of William Nikolaus Suksdorf, William Conklin Cusick, Charles Vancouver Piper, Rolla Kent Beattie, and Harold St. John. Pullman: Washington State University, 1976. This guide includes a detailed correspondence index. A PDF version is available in the WSU Research Exchange.

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Detailed Description of Collection

The following section contains a detailed listing of the materials in the collection.

Series 1: Correspondence 1899-1956 

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  1899-1906  175 items.

1 / 1

 1907-1910  225 items.

1 / 2

 1911-1915  180 items.

1 / 3

 1915-1956  150 items.

1 / 4

Letterbook,  May 1904-July 1905  1 volume.

2 / 5

Letterbook,  April 1906-Jan. 1907  1 volume.

2 / 6

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Series 2: Northwest Botany Notes 

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Abbot, E. K. 

3

Abrams, LeRoy 

3

Agassiz, Alexander 

3

Agricultural History 

3

Allen, Miss A. J. 

3

Anderson, A. C. 

3

Applegate, Elmer J. 

3

Austin, Mrs. R. M. 

3

Bailey, Liberty Hyde 

3

Ball, John 

3

Banks, Sir Joseph 

3

Barclay, George 

3

Barett, Mrs. P. G. 

3

Barnhart, John Hendley (biographies) 

3

Baronoff, A. A. 

3

Bartram, William 

3

Baumgarten, Hermann 

3

Bebb, M. S. 

3

Beechey, F. W. 

3

Belcher, Capt. Sir Edward 

3

Benson, Lyman 

3

Bentham, George 

3

Berthand, E. L. 

3

Bessey, Charles 

3

Bethel, Ellsworth 

3

Bigelow, Jacob 

3

Billings 

3

Blake, William P. 

3

Blasdale, W. C. 

3

Bloodgood, C. Delavan (Sitka) 

3

Bolander, Hendry N. 

3

Bolton, H. E. (ANZA) 

3

Bongard (at Nootka) 

3

Bonneville, B. L. E. 

3

Brackenridge, W. D. 

3

Bradbury, John 

3

Brainerd, Ezra 

3

Brandegee, T. S. and  Brandegee, Katherine 

3

Brandel, Joseph 

3

Brewer, William H. 

3

Britton, Nathaniel Lord 

3

Brodie, David 

3

Brown, Jennie Broughton 

3

Brown, Robert, of Campster 

3

Brown, Robert, of Campster 

4

Burke, Joseph 

4

Butters, Frederick King 

4

Caldwell, Joseph 

4

Cannon, Evalina 

4

Carruth, W. W. 

4

Chamissot de Boncourt, Adlebertus 

4

Christ, J. H. 

4

Christensen, Carl 

4

Clayton, John 

4

Collins, J. Franklin 

4

Collinson, Peter 

4

Coltman-Rogers, Charles 

4

Compton, T. B. 

4

Cook, Capt. James 

4

Cooley, J. G. 

4

Cooper, J. G. 

4

Coulter, John Merle 

4

Coville, Frederick 

4

Curtis' Botanical Magazine 

4

Cusick, William Conklin 

4

Dachnowski-Stokes, A. O. 

4

Damon, Samuel 

4

Dana, James D. 

4

Darlington, H. T. 

4

David, Abbe 

4

Davis, Mrs. N. J. 

4

Dayton, William a. 

4

Delacour, Jean 

4

Delano, Amasa 

4

Demofras, Duflot 

4

Dewey, Chester 

4

Dietz, H. F. 

4

Diller, J. S. 

4

Douglas, David  4

5

Douglas, Sir James 

6

Douglas, Robert 

6

Douglas, William O. 

6

Donaldson, A. B. 

6

Drake, Capt. Francis 

6

Drummond, Thomas 

6

Eastwood, Alice 

6

Eaton, Amos 

6

Eaton, Walter P. 

6

Edwards' Botanical Register 

6

Eggleston, Willard W. 

6

Elmer, A. P. E. 

6

Englemann, George 

6

Epling, Carl 

6

Ermantinger, Edward 

6

Eschscholtz, Johan 

6

Espinoza y Tello, Jose 

6

Etches, Jon 

6

Evans, John 

6

Fernald, M. L. 

6

Findler, Augustus 

6

Flett, J. B. 

6

Forbes, Charles 

6

Franchere, Gabriel 

6

Fraser, Simon 

6

Fremont, John C. 

6

Frye, Else M. 

6

Fuller, George W. 

6

Gabrielson, Ira N. 

6

Gairdner, Meredith 

6

Gambel, William 

6

Gannett 

6

Gardners' Magazine (London) 

6

Garry, Nicholas 

6

Geiser, Samuel Wood 

6

Geology of the Pacific Northwest 

6

Geyer, Karl Andreas 

6

Ghent, W. J. 

6

Gibbs, George 

6

Golder, Frank A. 

6

Good 

6

Gorman, M. W. 

6

Gould, Dorothy Fay 

6

Gray, Asa 

6

Gray, Capt. Robert 

6

Gray Herbarium 

6

Greene, E. L. 

7

Griffith, David 

7

Haenke, Thaddaeus 

7

Hancock, Samuel 

7

Harshberger, John William 

7

Hartwig, Theodor 

7

Hatch, W. R. 

7

Hayden, F. V. 

7

Hecata, Bruno 

7

Heller, Amos Arthur 

7

Hemenway, Ansel 

7

Henderson, L. F. 

7

Henky, Alexander 

7

Hilgard, Eugene Waldemar 

7

Hitchcock, A. S. 

7

Holway, E. W. D. 

7

Hone, D. S. 

7

Hooker, Joseph Dalton 

7

Hooker, William Jackson 

7

Horsford, F. H. 

7

Hough, J. B. 

7

House, Homer D. 

7

Howard, L. O. 

7

Howell, John T. 

7

Howell, Thomas and  Howell, Joseph 

7

Hudson's Bay Company 

7

Hulten, Eric 

7

Ingram, D. C. 

7

James, Edwin 

7

Jefferson, Thomas 

7

Jennings, O. E. 

7

Jepson, Willis Linn 

7

Jewitt, S. 

7

Johnson, J. E. 

7

Jones, George Neville 

7

Jones, Marcus E. 

7

Juan de Fuca 

7

Judson, Katherine 

7

Kalm, Peter 

7

Kauffman, Karl F. 

7

Kelley, Hall J. 

7

Kellogg, Albert 

7

Kew Collections 

7

Kimmel, Edward 

7

Kin, Mattias 

7

Kip, Lawrence 

7

Kleeberger, George R. 

7

Kotzebue, Otto von 

7

La Gasca y Segura, Mariano 

7

La Perouse 

7

Lake and Hull 

7

Lamson-Scribner, F. 

7

Laut, Agnes 

7

Leiberg, John B. 

7

Lemmon, J. G. 

8

Lesquereux, Leo 

8

Lewis, Meriwether (and  Clark, William) 

8

Lindley, John 

8

Linnean Society of London 

8

Linnaeus, Carolus 

8

Lobb, William 

8

Luders, F. G. J. 

8

Lutke, Frederic 

8

Lyall, David 

8

Lyman, W. D. 

8

Lyons, Maj. H. G. 

8

Mackenzie, Alexander 

8

McKenzie, Donald 

8

Macoun, John 

8

Malispina Expedition 

8

Mayne, R. N. 

8

Marcy, Oliver 

8

Maxon, William R. 

8

Meader, James 

8

Meany, Edmond S. 

8

Meares, John 

8

Meehan, Thomas 

8

Meinecke, E. P. 

8

Menzies, Archibald 

8

Merriam, C. Hart 

8

Merrille, C. D. 

8

Mertens, Henry 

8

Meyer, Frank N. 

8

Michaux, Andre 

8

Michaux, Francois Andre 

8

Miyabe, Kingo 

8

Mocino, D. Jose Mariano 

8

Mourelle, Don Francisco Antonio 

8

Munro, William 

8

Murchison, Sir Roberick 

8

Murray, Andrew 

8

National Herbarium 

8

Nautical Magazine 

8

Nee, Luis 

8

Neilson, Thomas G. 

8

Nelson, Aven 

8

Nelson, David 

8

Nevius, Reuben Denton 

8

Newberry, J. S. 

8

Newcombe, C. F. 

8

Nordhorr, Charles 

8

Northwest Passage (by  K. Roberts) 

8

Nuttall, Thomas 

8

Page, Elizabeth 

8

Pallas, P. S. 

8

Palliser, John 

8

Palmer, Edward 

8

Parish, S. B. 

8

Parker, Rev. Samuel 

9

Parry, C. C. 

9

Paullin, Charles O. 

9

Paxton, Sir Joseph 

9

Peck, Morton E. 

9

Pennell, Francis W. 

9

Perez Expedition 

9

Pickering, Charles 

9

Pinch, Jeremy 

9

Piper, Charles V. (General Information) 

9

Piper, Charles V. (Index to Flora of Washington) 

9

Piper, Charles V. (Herbarium)   4

9

Piper, Charles V. (Herbarium)   2

10

Piper, Charles V. (Index to notes, pp. 1-1131) 

10

Plant introduction into America 

10

Portlock, Capt. Nathaniel 

10

Postels, Alexander 

10

Pringle, Cyrus G. 

10

Pursh, Frederick 

10

Rafinesque, C. S. 

10

Ramsbottom, John 

10

Rees, Abraham 

10

Rich, William (Hutton) 

10

Richards, C. Audrey 

10

Rigg, George B. 

10

Rogers, H. Thomas 

10

Roll, Julius 

10

Rosendahl, C. O. 

10

Rugel, Ferdinand 

10

Ruiz, Hipolito 

10

Rusby, H. H. 

10

St. John, Harold 

10

Sandberg, J. H. 

10

Sargent, Charles Sprague 

11

Schafer, Joseph 

11

Scouler, John 

11

Scribner, Frank (see Lamson-Scribner) 

11

Seeman, Berthold 

11

Seese, Martin 

11

Shinn, Charles H. 

11

Simpson, George 

11

Smet, P. J. de 

11

Smith, Alexander 

11

Smith, Charles Piper 

11

Smith, Jedediah 

11

Sorel, Henry Andrew 

11

Spalding, Rev. H. H. 

11

Spaulding, Perley 

11

Sperlin, O. B. 

11

Spillman, W. J. 

11

Sperlin, O. B. 

11

Spillman, W. J. 

11

Stacey, J. W. 

11

Stevens, Isaac I. 

11

Stevens, Neil E. 

11

Stevens, O. A. 

11

Stewart, Sir William G. P. 

11

Strange, James 

11

Sudworth, George B. 

11

Suksdorf, Wilhelm 

11

Swallen, Jason R. 

11

Swallow, Prof. 

11

Swan, James 

11

Sweetser, A. R. 

11

Thompson, David 

11

Thorington, J. Monroe 

11

Tidestrom, Ivar T. 

11

Tolmie, W. F. 

11

Torrey, John 

11

Tuckerman, Edward 

11

Tweedy, Frank 

11

Vancouver, George 

11

Vancouver Island 

11

Vasey, George and  George R. Vizcaino 

11

Wagner, Henry R. 

11

Whetzel, Herbert H. 

11

Wildox, E. T. 

11

Whited, Kirk 

11

Wilkes, Expedition 

11

Wilks, W. 

11

Willson, Beckles 

11

Wilson, Ernest 

11

Winsor, Justin 

11

Wood, Alonzo 

11

Wood, C. B. 

11

Wood, C. W. 

11

Work, John 

11

Wright, Charles 

11

Wyeth, Nathaniel 

11

Wynd, F. Lyle 

11

Young Naturalists Society of Seattle 

11

Zeller, S. M. 

11

Type Localities  4

12

Geographic Notes:  

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Washington State 

13

Oregon 

13

Idaho 

13

Wyoming 

13

British Columbia (Nootka) 

13

California 

13

Northwest America localities 

13

Personal Notes 

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British Museum (South Kensington) 

14

Washington State University Herbarium 

14

University of Idaho, Southern Branch, Herbarium 

14

University of Oregon 

14

Texas 

14

Rusby Herbarium 

14

California Academy of Sciences 

14

Colorado Agriculutural and Mechanical College Herbarium 

14

Collection in the Pacific Northwest, 1946 

14

Miscellaneous notes of Northwest botany 

14

Notes for Piper and Beattie's Floras, 1914-1915 

14
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Berberidaceae 

15

Circaea 

15

Fagacaea 

15

Impatiens 

15

Mimulus 

15

Tobacco 

15

Plants to be looked for in the Siskiyou Mountains 

15

Card File 

Northwest Flora 

16 / 1-6

Biographical Notes 

16 / 6-7

David Douglas Notes 

16 / 7

Geographic Notes 

16 / 7-8

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