Preliminary Guide to the Martin Family Papers
MS.1988.12

Summary Information

Repository
Manuscripts, Archives, and Special Collections, Washington State University Libraries
Creator
Martin family
Creator
Martin, Charlotte
Creator
Martin, Clarence D. (Clarence Daniel), 1886-1955
Creator
Martin, Clarence Daniel, 1916-1976
Title
Martin Family Papers
ID
MS.1988.12
Date [inclusive]
1902-1982
Extent
5.0 Linear feet 5 boxes and oversized item.
Location Note
(MASC Staff Use: 2-7-19-2)
Language
English
Languages
Materials are in English, Chinese, and Latin.

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Biographical/Historical note

Clarence Daniel Martin (1886-1955) was born in Cheney, Washington, to Francies M. and Philena Martin, who migrated to eastern Washington from Ohio in the early 1880s. Martin graduated from the State Normal School at Cheney in 1903 and received his Bachelor's degree from the University of Washington in 1906. Martin helped his father found the F. M. Martin Grain and Milling Company in Cheney, and assumed the role of president and general manager of the company in 1925, which he retained until 1943 when they sold the mill to the National Biscuit Company. Martin was elected to the Cheney City Council in 1915, and served as mayor of Cheney from 1928 until he was elected Governor of the State of Washington in November, 1932 and reelected in 1936. Martin became the first native son of Washington to be elected to the state’s highest office. During his term, Martin oversaw the construction of the Grand Coulee Dam, the creation of the Columbia Basin Commission, the Lake Washington Floating Bridge, the Tacoma Narrows Bridge, and the Bonneville Dam, creating thousands of jobs and extended electricity throughout the state. Martin also supported Washington State College's extensive development under President E.O. Holland. (for additional information, see Cage 336)

Clarence Daniel Martin, Jr., (1916-1976) was born to Clarence D. and Margaret Mulligan Martin in Spokane, Washington. Martin graduated from Cheney High School in 1934, received his Bachelor's of Science in Political Science and Economics from Harvard University in 1938. While at Harvard, Martin played football, belonged to the Iroquois Club, became president of the Harvard Flying Club, eventually president of the National Intercollegiate Flying Club. Martin was graduated from Harvard in 1938 with a B.S. degree in political science and economics. Martin then studied at the University of Washington Law School during 1939. After returning to Cheney to work with his family at the F. M. Martin Grain and Milling Company, Inc., Martin was called into active duty in 1941 and served five years in World War II with the U.S. Navy. Martin began several businesses in Washington and later across the southwest, before returning to manage the F. M. Martin Grain and Milling Company, Inc. Martin became involved in national politics with his coordination of John F. Kennedy's pre-convention drive for the Democratic presidential nomination in southern California and later served as Deputy Chairman for Finance of the Democratic National Committee during the 1970 election campaign. Martin was appointed Under Secretary of Commerce for Transportation by the newly elected President Kennedy in 1961. As Under Secretary, Martin was responsible for advising the President on national transportation policy. Martin also coordinated the operations of the Bureau of Public Roads, the Maritime Administration, the Office of Emergency Transportation, the Saint Lawrence Seaway Development Corporation and the Great Lakes Pilotage Administration, as well as served as a member of the Alaska International Rail and Highway Commission and the Board of Directors of the Panama Canal Company. Martin later became part owner and vice-president of the Los Angeles Rams professional football team, and was the first to introduce professional soccer to the Los Angeles area. (for additional information, see Cage 449)

Charlotte Yeoman Martin funded the development and expansion of Martin Stadium and Learning Center at Washington State University. Martin Stadium is named after Martin and her husband Clarence Daniel Martin, Jr. Following the death of her husband in 1976, Martin served as president of the Martin Cadillac Agency in Los Angeles, California; she oversaw a restaurant in Whidbey Island, Washington, and helped manage the Martin wheat farm in Cheney, Washington. Martin also established the Charlotte Y. Martin Endowed Scholarship at Gonzaga University, providing sixty scholarships a year; she donated $4.5 million for the Gonzaga Student Recreation and Activities Centre, and served on various trustee and regent committees at Gonzaga University.

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Scope and Contents note

This collection contains papers of several members of the Martin family: Clarence Daniel Martin (1886-1955), Governor of Washington State (1933-1940), his son Clarence Daniel Martin, Jr. (1916-1976), and Charlotte Yeoman Martin, wife of Clarence Martin, Jr.

The personal and professional papers of Clarence Daniel Martin (1886-1955) include newspaper articles, campaign advertisements and memorabilia, telegrams as governor, various photographs including one with President Franklin D. Roosevelt and Eleanor Roosevelt in 1934, personal memorabilia, pencil portraits (1930s), and printed government documents.

The personal and professional papers of Clarence Daniel Martin, Jr. (1916-1976) include incoming and outgoing correspondence, business records for the F.M. Martin Grain and Milling Company, the Martin Oil and Gas Drilling Company, the C.D. Martin, Jr. Cadillac Car Agency, and the Los Angeles Blades Hockey Club, as well as photographs from his service in World War II, his work with the Democratic National Committee, and his positions with the Department of Commerce, including several with President Kennedy and President Johnson. The collection also contains papers and photographs of Martin and his wife Charlotte's trip to the People's Republic of China in 1974 with Senator Henry M. Jackson, and a copy of the Surrender Program for Japan's surrender in WWII including pictures of the event. Additionally, the collection includees awards, certificates, political memorabilia, and scrapbooks.

The personal and professional papers of Charlotte Yeoman Martin include newspaper articles pertaining to her donation to Washington State University for Martin Stadium, the Charlotte Y. Martin Endowment given to Gonzaga University, her christening of the freighter "Pioneer Moon," family photographs and photographs of political events, incoming and outgoing correspondence, a guestbook for their vacation home on Gooch Island in British Columbia, Canada, as well as papers concerning the licensing for a radio station CKU23 on Gooch Island, a scrapbook of Martin Stadium's dedication, and miscellaneous items.

The Martin collection also includes audiovisual media, a small number of artifacts, and an oil painting (portrait).

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Organization of Collection

This is an unprocessed collection. It has not yet been arranged.

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Administrative Information

Publication Information

Manuscripts, Archives, and Special Collections, Washington State University Libraries

http://www.wsulibs.wsu.edu/masc
Terrell Library
P.O. Box 645610
Pullman, WA, 99164-5610
509-335-6691
mascref@wsu.edu

Access

This collection is open and available for research use.

Acquisition Information

The estate of Charlotte Martin donated this collection to the Washington State University Libraries in 1988 (MS 1988-12).

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Related Materials

Related Materials

Clarence Daniel Martin, Jr. Papers (Cage 449); F. M. Martin Grain and Milling Company Record (Cage 338); Clarence Daniel Martin Papers (Cage 336)

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Controlled Access Headings

Family Name(s)

  • Martin family

Geographic Name(s)

  • Washington (State) -- History -- Sources
  • Washington (State) -- Politics and government

Subject(s)

  • Governors -- Washington (State) -- Interviews

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