Guide to the Lulu Donnell Crandall Papers 1895-1929
Cage 249

Summary Information

Repository
Manuscripts, Archives, and Special Collections, Washington State University Libraries
Creator
Crandall, Lulu Donnell
Title
Lulu Donnell Crandall Papers
ID
Cage 249
Date [inclusive]
1895-1929
Extent
1000.0 items.
General Physical Description note
3.5 linear feet of shelf space.
Language
English
Abstract
Correspondence, notes, transcripts of documents, drafts of articles and speeches, photographs, and newspaper stories written or collected by Lulu Crandall for her research on the history of the Pacific Northwest, and especially The Dalles. Emphasis is on the period 1835 to 1870 and includes such topics as missionaries, early settlers, the Yakima War, transportation, and local historic sites, especially Fort Dalles. Although scant, the correspondence includes that of prominant Northwest figures such as Louis Scholl and Joseph M. Cataldo, as well as members of the first generation of Northwest historians, such as T.C. Elliot, Frank Gill, and William Lyman.

Preferred Citation note

[Item Description]. Cage 249, Lulu Donnell Crandall Papers . Manuscripts, Archives, and Special Collections, Washington State University Libraries, Pullman, WA.

Return to Table of Contents »


Biographical/Historical note

Lulu Donnell Brown Crandall (1854-1931) was the daughter of a pioneer homesteader and merchant of The Dalles, Oregon. In the 1890s she developed an interest in local and Northwest history, apparently stimulated by a desire to prove that the youthful Northwest did have a history and traditions. From that time until her death, she collected information about Northwest history, especially the history of the Columbia Gorge area. Her interests were often anecdotal and filio-pietistic and her research depended heavily on uncertain reminiscences and memories, all of which were common among local historians active in her time. She was also involved in the organization of historical societies, in the preservation of historic buildings and in the collection of historical materials. Her correspondence indicates an acquaintance with many of the figures of the first generation of professional northwest historians, as well as the local amateurs with whom she shared most of her activities.

Return to Table of Contents »


Scope and Contents note

Lulu Crandall's papers consist of the correspondence, notes, drafts, transcripts and collected materials which she used in her various local history projects. A large portion of these materials are newspaper clippings, on which she often relied for information. Additionally there are many stories authored by Mrs. Crandall. Photographs of sites and structures and copies of documents also appear among Mrs. Crandall's papers. Although scant, there is some correspondence with persons who were prominent in the Northwest in the 19th century, such as Louis Scholl, Joseph M. Cataldo and Charlotte Haller McKee, and historians of Mrs. Crandall's generation such as T.C. Elliott, Frank Gill, Edmond Meany and William Lyman.

Return to Table of Contents »


Arrangement note

Lulu D. Crandall's papers are arranged in a subject-based system which places the various materials she collected under sixteen general headings and several sub-headings. These subject headings are ordered alphabetically. Each heading may consist of one or two folders. Typewritten transcripts of most items were prepared in the 1940s and have been retained adjacent to the original items.

Return to Table of Contents »


Administrative Information

Publication Information

Manuscripts, Archives, and Special Collections, Washington State University Libraries © 1974

http://www.wsulibs.wsu.edu/masc
Terrell Library
P.O. Box 645610
Pullman, WA, 99164-5610
509-335-6691
mascref@wsu.edu

Conditions Governing Access note

This collection is open for research use.

Immediate Source of Acquisition note

The papers of Lulu D. Crandall of The Dalles, Oregon, were collected by the Historical Records Project of the Works Progress Administration about 1935 and transfered to Washington State University a few years later.

Return to Table of Contents »


Controlled Access Headings

Geographic Name(s)

  • Dalles (Or.)--History--Sources
  • Northwest, Pacific--History--Sources

Personal Name(s)

  • Cataldo, Joseph Mary, 1837-1928
  • Crandall, Lulu D. --Archives
  • Elliot, Thompson Coit, 1862-1943
  • Gill, Frank B.
  • Lyman, William Denison, 1852-1920
  • Scholl, Louis, 1829-1911

Subject(s)

  • Oregon
  • Pacific Northwest History
  • Washington (State)

Return to Table of Contents »


Bibliography

For a more complete biography of Lulu Crandall, see Oregon Historical Quarterly, 32 (1931) 347-49.

Return to Table of Contents »


Collection Inventory

Box Folder

Agriculture 1905-1915   30 items.

Scope and Contents note

Newspaper stories and notes relative to early farms and orchards in Oregon; also several items relative to the first flouring mills in Oregon

1 1

Balch, Frederick Homer 1908   20 items.

Scope and Contents note

Newspaper stories, notes, and correspondence relative to the life of Frederick H. Balch, author of the novel Bridge of the Gods; to the placing of a memorial at his grave; and a biographic sketch written by his sister, Gertrude Engles

1 2

Bankson, Russell 1930   10 items.

Scope and Contents note

Correspondence and notes of Russell Bankson of Spokane, a nephew of Lulu Crandall, relative to local history

1 3

Crandall, Lulu D. 1901-1921   6.0 items.

Scope and Contents note

Personal papers including memberships in Oregon Historical Society (1901), National Geographic Society (1916), a portrait (ca. 1920), two printed letters relative to trip to California (ca. 1905), and letter from the D.A.R. (1921).

1 4

Crandall, Lulu D.—Autobiography 1928-1929   30 items.

Scope and Contents note

Story written in several installments for The Dalles Chronicle. Includes Lulu Crandall's reminiscences of The Dalles in the 1860s and 1870s and several articles on the history of the temperance movement in The Dalles

1 5

Fort Dalles--general. 1905-1929   30 items.

Scope and Contents note

Correspondence, notes, photographs, and newspaper stories relative to information about Fort Dalles, especially its founding and the effort to preserve the remaining structure

1 6

Fort Dalles--Louis Scholl 1910-1915   40 items.

Scope and Contents note

Correspondence, notes, and newspaper stories relative to Louis Scholl, architect for the buildings at Fort Dalles; included are several installments of Scholl's reminiscences and several items of correspondence with Scholl

1 7

Fort Dalles--Thomas Jordan 1910   30 items.

Scope and Contents note

Notes and newspaper stories concerned with Thomas Jordan, Commandant of Fort Dalles and later a general officer in the Confederate Army. Many of the stories are copies of Jordan's Oregon letters

2 8

Fort Dalles--Granville Haller 1909-1910   20 items.

Scope and Contents note

Correspondence, notes, and newspaper stories about Major Haller, both at Fort Dalles and in his later life in Washington; also several items of correspondence with Charlotte Haller McKee

2 9

General historical topics 1905-1925   25 items.

Scope and Contents note

Newspaper and journal articles about a number of historical topics outside the Northwest, such as the American Revolution, Louisiana Purchase, John Brown, and history of various states

2 10

General historical topics--John C. Fremont undated   10 items.

Scope and Contents note

Newspaper stories and notes which reproduce parts of Fremont's journals

2 11

General historical topics--William Cody undated   10 items.

Scope and Contents note

Notes and transcripts of articles about William (Buffalo Bill) Cody and his father

2 12

Hudson's Bay Company 1907-1911   35 items.

Scope and Contents note

Several newspaper stories relative to the Hudson's Bay Company, especially Fort Vancouver and John McLoughlin. Also reminiscences of settlers from The Dalles who worked at the McLoughlin flour mill at Oregon City

2 13

Indians 1900-1925   35 items.

Scope and Contents note

Newspaper stories about Indians, especially in early years of white contact; copies of Indian treaties

2 14

Lewis and Clark 1905-1906   35 items.

Scope and Contents note

Newspaper stories and notes about the Lewis and Clark expedition, about the appearance of new Lewis and Clark manuscript materials and about the centenary commemoration

3 15

Missions and Churches--Lee's Dalles Mission 1904-1925   90 items.

Scope and Contents note

Newspaper stories and notes relative to the Methodist mission at The Dalles in the 1830s and 1840s. Included are copies of several letters of Jason, Daniel and Annamaria Lee, extracts of Lee's account of the mission, materials relative to placement of a marker at Pulpit Rock and material relative to various persons connected with the mission, such as Rev. John Flinn and Rev. James Gerrish

3 16-17

Missions and Churches--Lee's Dalles Mission: Brewer's journal undated   10 items.

Scope and Contents note

Copy of an item purported to be a portion of the journal of Henry Bridgeman Brewer, in which he describes the Dalles Mission, Mt. Adams, hot springs in the Cascade mountains, and Mt. St. Helens in eruption. Transcribed by Mrs. Crandall from a Sunday school book where it was presented as the later part of Brewer's journal

3 18

Missions and Churches--Spalding's Lapwai Mission 1900-1925   25 items.

Scope and Contents note

Newspaper stories and notes relating to the Spalding mission and the Spalding family, including portraits of Henry Hart Spalding

3 19

Missions and Churches--Catholic Missions. 1903-1925   25 items.

Scope and Contents note

Correspondence, newspaper stories, and notes relative to Catholic missions in the Willamette Valley, at The Dalles and in north Idaho. Includes a letter of Joseph M. Cataldo (1903) in which he discusses the history of the Sacred Heart Mission at Cataldo, Idaho

3 20

Missions and Churches--Congregational Church of The Dalles 1895-1910   40 items.

Scope and Contents note

Correspondence and notes related to the history of the first denominational congregation at The Dalles. Items include reminiscences of Rev. John Tenny, his correspondence with Mrs. Crandall and Mrs. Crandall's mother, Mrs. Camilla Donnell. Transcripts only.

4 21

Oregon history 1900-1929   55 items.

Scope and Contents note

Newspaper stories and notes relative to several Oregon history subjects: first legislature, first capitol, first prison and prominent figures in the second third of the 19th century, such as David Douglas and Joe Meek

4 22

Pioneer reminiscences and biographies 1911-1925   45 items.

Scope and Contents note

Correspondence, notes, drafts of reminiscences, newspaper stories containing reminiscences, and biographic sketches. Persons involved, most of whom were from The Dalles area, include Justin Chenowith, Jonathan Jackson, Judge John Fulton, Carson Masiker, and Sam Houston Borland

4 23

Pioneer women 1924-1925   30 items.

Scope and Contents note

Newspaper stories of women in 19th century Northwest, including Rosaria Romero Brune, Mrs. Carter, Sacajewea, Emily Olney Martin, Elizabeth Laughlin Lord, Frances E. Willard, Martha Spalding Wigle, Annamaria Pittman Lee and others

5 24

The Dalles—city 1900-1925   20 items.

Scope and Contents note

Correspondence, notes, drafts of speeches, and newspaper stories relative to the history of The Dalles, including items on the origins of place names, on public schools, and on local events, such as a bull-fight held in the 1850s

5 25

The Dalles--Wasco County 1900-1925   20 items.

Scope and Contents note

Correspondence, notes, newspaper stories, and drafts of speeches relative to the history of Wasco County, Oregon, including the history of the court house, of county boundaries, and of some local areas outside the city of The Dalles

5 26

The Dalles--Celilo Falls 1911-1915   35 items.

Scope and Contents note

Correspondence, notes, newspaper stories, and drafts principally about the origin of the name of Celilo Falls. Correspondents include several persons familiar with the area in the 1850s and historian William D. Lyman

5 27

The Dalles—photographs 1860-1875   35 items.

Scope and Contents note

Prints of photographs of The Dalles and surrounding region. Included are some photos of Fort Dalles buildings, of the city, of water front facilities, of a flood on the Columbia River, and of a men's club.

5 28

Transportation—riverine 1910-1928   65 items.

Scope and Contents note

Newspaper stories, notes, drafts, and ephemeral materials about riverboat travel on the Columbia and Snake rivers. Included is a pencil copy of a pilot's guide to landings from Celilo to Lewiston, Idaho; material relative to early steamboats and steamboaters, photographs, and material related to the opening of the Dalles-Celilo Locks

6 29-30

Transportation--riverine: frank gill article 1925   5.0 items.

Scope and Contents note

Draft of an article by Frank Gill, "Steamboats on the Columbia" (which later appeared in Oregon Historical Quarterly, 38 (1937) 1-43, 300-322, 398-410; 39 (1938) 5064, co-authored by Dorothy Johansen)

6 31

Transportation--roads and trails 1910-1925   25 items.

Scope and Contents note

Correspondence, notes and newspaper stories relative to old wagon roads and trails in The Dalles region

6 32

Transportation—railroads 1916-1929   25 items.

Scope and Contents note

Correspondence, notes, and drafts relative to early railroads in the Columbia River valley. Most items are related to an article by Frank Gill, Oregon's First Railroad: The Oregon Portage Railroad at the Cascades of the Columbia River, Oregon Historical Quarterly, 25 (1924) 171-235. Correspondents include Gill, T.C. Elliot and Edmond Meany

6 33

Yakima War--"covered wagon stories" by Lulu Crandall 1924-1925   40 items.

Scope and Contents note

A series of articles written by Mrs. Crandall about the Yakima War, in which she reproduces accounts of Ulysses Grant and Phillip Sheridan, as well as several local accounts including Lawrence Coe's of the battle of Bradford's Store, Mrs. S. E. Joslyn's of her escape from the battle, and George Hunter's recollections of the volunteer campaign and the capture of Peo-Peo-Mox-Mox

7 34-35

Yakima War--soldier biographies 1927-1928   50 items.

Scope and Contents note

Correspondence, note, and drafts used to compile the biographies of the United States Regular Army soldiers involved in the Yakima War at Fort Dalles (which appeared in Mrs. Crandall's article Indian Fighters, Settlers in Wasco County, Oregon Historical Quarterly, 31 (1930) 382-392)

7 36-37

Container list 1945 

7 38