Guide to the Joseph Wicks Papers 1930-1974
Cage 236

Summary Information

Repository
Manuscripts, Archives, and Special Collections, Washington State University Libraries
Creator
Wicks, Joseph
Title
Joseph Wicks Papers
ID
Cage 236
Date [inclusive]
1930-1974
Extent
21000.0 items.
General Physical Description note
29.5 linear feet of shelf space.
Language
English
Abstract
Correspondence, case files, and legal documents pertaining to Wicks's service as Washington State Superior Court Judge of Okanogan and Ferry Counties from 1947 through 1960, and to his private practice, 1930-1947 and 1961-1972. Of special interest are the materials relating to Goldmark vs. Canwell libel case of 1963-1964, and his duties as attorney for the Colville Confederated Tribes, 1965-1970.

Preferred Citation note

[Item Description]. Cage 236, Joseph Wicks Papers. Manuscripts, Archives, and Special Collections, Washington State University Libraries, Pullman, WA.

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Biographical/Historical note

Joseph Wicks was born in 1896 in Braggs, Oklahoma. Because he was one-quarter Cherokee he was an enrollee in the Cherokee Nation. This lineage has had much to do with Wicks' private and professional life over the course of his career, including a proposed appointment as Commissioner of Indian Affairs.

Wicks graduated from high school at Bacone College, a Baptist Mission school in 1917. He then went into the army, serving overseas from 1917 to 1919. Upon his return to the states he attended the University of Oklahoma during 1919 and 1920. He then left school and took a job as Deputy U.S. Marshal in Muskogee, Oklahoma from 1921 to 1923. While attending George Washington University Law School in Washington, D.C., from 1923 to 1926, he worked as a clerk in the Justice Department. Although admitted to practice law in Oklahoma, Wicks worked for the U.S. Treasury Department for a year and then as an agent for the Federal Bureau of Investigation until 1928.

Wicks began his private practice in 1928 in Alaska but soon came to Washington State where he settled permanently. Between 1929 and 1946, Wicks practiced law in Seattle, Grand Coulee, and Okanogan. He was elected to the office of Superior Court Judge in 1946, and served in this capacity for Okanogan and Ferry Counties from 1947 through 1960. After his retirement from the bench, Judge Wicks returned to private practice, setting up the law firm of Wicks Thomas in Okanogan, Washington. In 1963 and 1964 Wicks served as one of the defense attorneys in the Goldmark vs. Canwell Case. Throughout his career Wicks had been interested in Indian Affairs, and in 1965 he agreed to represent the Colville Confederated Tribes as tribal attorney. He remained in this capacity until his resignation in 1970. In 1973 the Judge was again called to the Bench to serve on a pro tempore Supreme Court dealing with the constitutional questions of the Yelle vs. Kramer Case.

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Scope and Contents note

The papers of Joseph Wicks include case files, legal documents, correspondence, notes and printed materials related to the operation of the Superior Court of Okanogan and Ferry Counties and his own private practice as an attorney. The case files from the period 1947 to 1960 are of those cases brought before Wicks while Superior Court Judge. The case files from his private practice cover the period from 1930 to 1947 and the period from 1961 to 1972. The private practice case files are more extensive in that they also include trial speeches, witness and juror related materials, exhibits and evidence, and legal documents relating to business transactions such as contracts and articles of incorporation. The second period of the Judge's private practice, from 1961 to 1972, was dominated by the Goldmark vs. Canwell libel case, 1963-1964, and his attorneyship for the Colville Indian Tribe. The Goldmark case records contain extensive documentation of trial proceedings, witness materials, and clippings. Wicks' Colville Indian materials contain correspondence, case files, memoranda, legal documents and minutes from business council meetings, government documents relating to Indian legislation, and financial records. A small portion of the papers deal with Wicks' involvement with various Republican party committees. These papers include speeches, minutes, printed materials and election tally sheets for various precincts. Also included in his personal papers are correspondence and legal documents relating to civic committees such as the Okanogan Civilian Defense Council and the Okanogan County Taxpayers Association.

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Arrangement note

The papers are arranged in three series: personal, judicial, and private practice. These series are further divided into subject subseries. All case files are arranged chronologically within an alphabetical sequence, except for the files pertaining to Wicks' role as Tribal Attorney for the Colvilles, which are arranged alphabetically. The remaining subseries and their further divisions are each arranged chronologically.

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Administrative Information

Publication Information

Manuscripts, Archives, and Special Collections, Washington State University Libraries © 1977

http://www.wsulibs.wsu.edu/masc
Terrell Library
P.O. Box 645610
Pullman, WA, 99164-5610
509-335-6691
mascref@wsu.edu

Conditions Governing Access note

This collection is open for research use.

Immediate Source of Acquisition note

The papers of Joseph Wicks, b. 1896, attorney and Superior Court Judge for Okanogan and Ferry Counties from 1947 to 1960, were donated to the Washington State University Library by Judge Wicks in 1968 and 1976.

Existence and Location of Copies note

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Controlled Access Headings

Corporate Name(s)

  • Colville Indians -- Legal status, laws, etc.
  • Confederated Tribes of the Colville Reservation -- Officials and employees -- Records and correspondence
  • Washington (State). Superior Court (Okanogan and Ferry Counties)

Personal Name(s)

  • Canwell, Albert -- Trials, litigation, etc.
  • Goldmark, John -- Trials, litigation, etc.
  • Wicks, Joseph, b. 1896--Archives

Subject(s)

  • Government and Politics
  • Indians of North America -- Washington (State) -- Legal status, laws, etc.
  • Native Americans
  • Washington (State)

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Collection Inventory

Series 1: Personal Papers 

Subseries 1.1: Political. 1932-1966 

Scope and Contents note

National, state, local and personal election materials.

Box

Political 1938   50

1

Political 1940   60

1

Republican State Central Committee 1940-1946   200

1

Political File 1944   100

2

Republican National Convention 1944   40

2

Statement of Election Expenses 1948 1952 1956   10

2

Judges personal election file for Superior Court race. 1946   90

2

Political and Election Data 1947-1948   15

2

Papers re: 1952 Election of County Commissioners, the Election Canvassing Board, and the Subsequent Events 1952   40

3

Judge Wicks, election 196   36

3

National Election 1964.   3

3

Copies of Speeches and Data 1946-1967   20

3

Speeches and Arguments 1937-1963   38

3

Political Precincts 1930 1932 1934 

4

Abstracts of Votes 1946   12

4

Precinct Elections 1962 1964 1966   200

4

Precinct Elections 1966   216

4

Subseries 1.2: Civil Defense and Selective Service. 1940-1946. 

Scope and Contents note

Correspondence and printed materials relative to Wicks' position as Civilian Defense Chairman, Okanogan County Defense Council, 1941-1942, and his work as Government Appeal Agent on the Okanogan County Local Draft Board

Box
4
Box

National Defense 1941   25

4

Civilian Defense 1941-1942   20

4

Selective Service Correspondence 1942-1946   70

4

Selective Service Affidavits Requesting Release 1943   3

4

V.F.W. (Veterans of Foreign Wars). Correspondence, printed materials, relating to V.F.W. Affairs 1940-1941   30

4

Subseries 1.3: Public Service . 1939-1971. 

Scope and Contents note

Correspondence, minutes, reports, legal documents, printed materials, concerning Okanogan Tax Payers Association, Public Utility District, Advisory Committee for Okanogan National Forest and Fort Okanogan Museum

Box
Box

Okanogan County Tax Payers Association Papers 1939   55

5

Minutes of P.U.D. (Special Meetings) 1943-1944   11

5

Minutes of P.U.D. 1944-1945   25

5

Fort Okanogan Museum Material 1959   24

5

Advisory Committee for the Okanogan National Forest 1969-1971   30

5

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Series 2: Judicial Papers 

Subseries 2.1: Case files. 

Scope and Contents note

Court notes, jury instructions, venire lists, lists of witnesses, orders appointing attorneys, verdicts, information forms, memoranda, juror records, stipulations, printed materials, and correspondence pertaining to each specific case. The civil and criminal files cover the period from 1947-1960 when Wicks was Superior Court Judge for Okanogan and Ferry Counties, and the Yelle case from 1973-1974.

Box
5

Subseries 2.1.1: Criminal. 

Arrangement note

Alphabetical arrangement of cases within alphabetized categories of crimes.

Box

Arson and Assault B-S   570

6

Assault S-W, Burglary, Carnal Knowledge   480

7

Contributing to Delinquency of a Minor, Extradition Proceedings, Forgery, Indecent Liberties   270

8

Grand Larceny A-H   520

9

Grand Larceny J-Y   315

10

Miscellaneous, Murder A-J   300

11

Murder M-T, Negligent Homicide, Robbery   300

12

Selling Intoxicating Liquor to Minor, Sodomy, Taking a Motor Vehicle without Permission   300

13

Subseries 2.1.2: Civil. 

Arrangement note

Arranged chronologically within each alphabetical heading.

Box

A-B 1948   365

14

B 1949-1953   455

15

B 1959-1961   110

16

C 1948-1953   110

16

C 1953-1961   190

17

D 1948-1956   190

17

D 1957   200

18

F 1954   200

18

F 1956   225

19

H 1951   225

19

H 1951   115

20

J 1954   115

20

K-M 1949   280

21

M 1949   140

22

N 1960   140

22

0-P 1949-1961   236

23

R 1949-1959   320

24

S 1948-1955   450

25

S 1956-1961   310

26

T 1947-1961   300

27

U-W 1947-1960   410

28

Subseries 2.1.3: Yelle vs. Kramer . 

Box

Wicks served on a pro tempore Supereme Court in a special case involving state legislators' and judicial officers' salaries, (citation: 520 P2d 927) 1973-1974   200

29

Subseries 2.2: Court's Notes. . 

Box

Judge's notes on cases on which his office had no file, also Law Day Notes 1947-1960   330

30

Subseries 2.3: Jury Duty Lists. 1947-1960. 

Scope and Contents note

Lists of persons subject to jury duty, voter registration lists, orders, claims of exemption, correspondence, venire for jury and other legal forms pertaining to jury selection and terms.

Box

Ferry County 1947-1960   195

31

Okanogan County. 

Box

 1946-1949   110

31

 1947-1949   540

32

 1950-1953   520

33

 1953-1955   780

34

 1955-1964   135

35

Subseries 2.4: Court Calendars. 1947-1961 

Scope and Contents note

Calendars for Okanogan, Ferry, Spokane and Miscellaneous Counties. Some folders also contain correspondence, various forms and court's notes attached to the calendars.

Box

Ferry County 1947-1960   200

36

Miscellaneous 1947 1951   60

36

Okanogan County. 

Box

 1947-1949   110

36

 1950-1964   165

37

Subseries 2.5: Marriage Licenses and Waivers. 

Box

Orders authorizing County Auditor to deliver marriage license, indexes to waivers and marriage licenses 1947-1958   445

38

Subseries 2.6: Correspondence. 1946-1961 

Scope and Contents note

General correspondence, and with the Court Reporter 1947-1948 and Court Administrator 1959-1961.

General (arranged alphabetically) 

Box
38
Box

 1946-1948   570

39

 1949   150

40

 1950   180

40

 1951-1952   190

41

 1953-1954   230

41

 1955-1957   210

42

 1958-1959   250

42

 1961   120

42

Court Administrator and Court Reporter 

Box

Correspondence with Court Administrator 1960-1964   10

43

Administrator for the Courts--correspondence and memoranda 1959-1961   55

43

Court Reporter, Correspondence re 1947-1948   40

43

Subseries 2.7: Procedural Orders and Reports. 1947-1961. 

Scope and Contents note

Reports to the Judge from county officials and institutions, and reports made by the Judge on judicial business done, orders, definitions, rules, and information related to the orderly functioning of the judiciary, also material relating to Juvenile Courts

Box

Report for Judge Wicks on Judicial Business done. 1948   13

43

Judicial Business Done 1949-1957 

43

Juvenile Officers Reports 1951.   11

43

Adoptions 1958. 

43

Reports of Next-of-friend.   8

43

Eastern State Hospital Reports--Judge's file 1958-1960   15

43

Ferry County Pre-Sentence Reports 1961.   9

43

Pre-Sentence Reports 1963   10

43

Temporary File of Orders Appointing Attorney in Criminal Cases 1947-1954   150

44

Orders Appointing Attorneys, Criminal Cases 1955-1957   30

44

Immigration and Naturalization Service 1947-1949.   27

44

Order Fixing Rules for County Jail 1949-1950.   6

44

Nervous & Mental Diseases--Definition of terms used, etc   15

44

Pertaining to Rules, Practice & Procedure—Effective Jan. 1 1960.   4

44

Impeachment Information.   4

44

Matters Pending for Judge's Signature, etc. 1950.   4

44

Proposed Legislature 1947-1948.   9

44

Juvenile Matters--Inter-office 1947-1960   50

44

Subseries 2.8: Financial Records. 1947-1952. 

Scope and Contents note

Okanogan and Ferry County Budgets, and the Judge's personal expense, travel and salary vouchers.

Box

Budget--Okanogan & Ferry Counties 1947-1952   35

45

Ferry County Budget 1949, Revenue for 1948. 1949   2

45

Travel and Salary Vouchers 1947-1948   75

45

Salary and Expense Vouchers 1949   35

45

Subseries 2.9: Committees. 1948-1961. 

Scope and Contents note

Concerning Judge Wicks' involvement with juvenile matters, various public committees, committees related to judicial and state administration, and committee for the mentally ill.

Box

State School for Girls 1948.   3

45

Committee on Institutions & Juvenile Delinquency 1958 

45

Committee on Institutions & Juvenile Delinquency 1957-1959   60

45

Committee on Public Institutions and Juvenile Delinquency--Judge Wicks, Chairman 1954-1955   200

45

Okanogan County Youth Council and Rando Manor matters 1953.   3

45

Okanogan Valley Child Guidance 1957 1961.   5

45

Private Schools State of Washington, List 1952.   3

45

Correspondence etc. In Re. Committee for Mentally Ill 1961 

45

 1960-1961   15

45

Committee for Good Government and Grand Jury 1949.   18

45

Committee on Improvement of the Administration of Justice 1960-1961.   17

45

Subseries 2.10: Washington State Superior Court Judges Association . 

Box

Minutes, correspondence, financial reports, lists of members, and printed materials connected with the association 1948-1950 1954-1962   225

46

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Series 3: Private Practice. 

Subseries 3.1: General Practice. 1963-1964. 

Scope and Contents note

Correspondence, exhibits, evidence, contracts, articles of incorporation, application forms, minutes, juror materials, orders, petitions, complaints, notices, memoranda, clippings, summons, notes, photographs, trial speeches, printed materials and other papers relating to criminal and civil cases, including defense materials for the Goldmark case.

Box
46
Box

The Gold Mountain Mining Company Papers 1930-1933.   30

47

Green Mountain Gold Mining Company 1932   15

47

Monte Oro Mining Company 1942-1947.   6

47

Sawdust Makers Union 1939-1951   130

47

School District #401 (Okanogan County) vs. School District #14 (Okanogan County) 1942-1943   60

47

Public Utility District 1936-1940   20

48

PUD #1 (Okanogan Co.) vs. WWP and PUD #1 (Douglas) vs. WWP Exhibits 1930-1942.   11

48

Public Utility Dist. vs. Wash. Water Power 1942-1943   150

48

Washington Water Power vs. P.U.D. #1 of Okanogan County 1945   35

48

Washington vs. Robert Neil Murder Case 1936-1944   65

49

U.S. vs. John Paradis Murder Trial (Indian) 1940-1941.   50

49

Wash. State vs. J.F. Thorpe 1940   90

49

General Practice 1969   10

49

LaCourse, Lee Gibson #766 1970-1972   80

49

Goldmark, John et ux vs. Canwell, Albert F., et al, file no. 1 Wicks 43 1963-1964   34

50

Goldmark, John, et ux vs. Canwell, Albert F., et al., 43 no. 2 1962-1963   200

50

43 no. 3 1963   125

50

Goldmark, John et ux vs. Canwell, Albert F., et al, 44 file no. 4 1964-1965   100

51

Wicks 44 1963   90

51

Clippings from Goldmark Case 1963   185

51

Goldmark vs. Canwell, Wicks papers 45 1960-1964   70

52

Wicks 45, Index to Trial Proceedings, and Note cards on witnesses 1963-1964   2

52

Subseries 3.2: Indian Affairs. 

Scope and Contents note

Materials related to Wicks' personal and professional interest in Indian matters. The sub-series contains two sub-sub-series' which are: a personal file, and files relating to Wicks' official representation for the Colville Confederated Tribes.

Box
52

Subseries 3.2.1: Personal. 1941-1963. 

Scope and Contents note

Correspondence, speeches, and printed materials relating to Indian Affairs which were of personal interest to Wicks.

Box

Colville Indians 1941-1942   20

53

Commissioner of Indian Affairs 1953   70

53

Indian Affairs 1960-1963   100

53

Subseries 3.2.2: Attorney, Colville Confederated Tribes. 

Arrangement note

The first chronological file of minutes, government documents and other printed material has been retained in the original order, the second is a compilation of loose papers arranged chronologically. The third set, case files, are arranged alphabetically.

Box
53

Chronological 

Box

 1965-1968   360

53

 1969-1971   340

54

 1961-1967   180

55

 1967-1971   120

56

Case Files 

Box

Agreement of Trustees 1963   2

57

Attorneys 1962-1966   40

57

Mrs. Amelia (Boswell) Christie, Omak, Washington, Tribal Loan, Case File 497 1968   20

57

Cigarettes, Matters Relating thereto-Permits, etc. 1969.   6

57

Colville Confederated Tribes vs. Mervel Allen and wife 1968   10

57

Confederated Tribes of the Colville Indians vs. Wells, George 1967-1969   14

57

Contract Between Colvilles & Wicks & Brucher 1968.   8

57

Desautel, Lucetta, Collection for Colvilles 1968.   4

57

Factual Data of Use in Matters of Impending Legislation Concerning Colvilles 1963-1965   30

57

In Re: Grazing CFR. Trespass Cases, Pakotas, Simpson & R.W. Miller Trespass Cases 1968   15

57

Houghland vs. Houghland (Anna Mae Pooler) 1969   50

57

Indian Matters 1965-1967   120

57

Indian Museum, Soap Lake 1966-1967   60

58

Insurance Matters 1966   11

58

In Re: Jurisdiction Bill Senate Bill 399 1969.   8

58

Laramie vs. Colville Confederated Tribes, U.S. District Court 1970   15

58

[Memoranda of Expenses] 1967-1970   60

58

Omak Lake Leases 1968-1969   60

58

Omnibus Bill & Data on Same & Correspondence 1966-1967   25

58

In Re: Permit for Exploration on Indian Reservation 1968   4

58

Political-GOP Indian Legislation 1968-1969   15

58

Brooks, G. Ragen-Correspondence In Re: Land 1968-1969   8

58

[Reservation Law] 1963-1971   20

58

Senatorial Hearing June 8 1967   25

58

Statement, [State of Washington, vs. Kenneth Stanger] 1953 1962   2

58

In Re: Telephone Line to San Poil 1970   5

58

Tonasket vs. State of Washington, et al 1969   25

59

[In Re: Wells Hydroelectric Project] 1966   4

59

[In Re: Ziontz, Pirtle and Morisset] 1972   15

59

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Box

Container list 1969 

59