Guide to the Claudius Osborne Johnson Papers 1901-1978
Cage 214

Summary Information

Repository
Manuscripts, Archives, and Special Collections, Washington State University Libraries
Creator
Johnson, Claudius Osborne Papers
Title
Claudius Osborne Johnson Papers
ID
Cage 214
Date [inclusive]
1901-1978
Extent
10.0 containers.
General Physical Description note
9.5 linear feet of shelf space. 11,200 items.
Language
English
Abstract
Correspondence with William E. Borah, Irvin E. Rockwell, Thomas Stanford and others re: Senator Borah and Rockwell's book manuscript; notes, drafts, correspondence and other papers re: Johnson's Borah of Idaho (1936); also personal and professional correspondence, notes, clippings, and other papers and printed materials. Included are records of Johnson's proposed debate with Will Rogers and his service on the Washington State Department of Social Security Board of Sponsors.

Preferred Citation note

[Item Description]. Cage 214, Claudius Osborne Johnson Papers . Manuscripts, Archives, and Special Collections, Washington State University Libraries, Pullman, WA.

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Biographical/Historical note

Claudius Osborne Johnson was born in Greenville, Virginia, January 6, l894. He attended the University of Richmond from 1913 to 1917, receiving an A.B. in 1917. His education was interrupted by service overseas with the United States Army in World War I, where he attained the rank of first sergeant of infantry. Upon his return he took his masters degree from the University of Chicago, 1920-1921, and received his doctorate from that institution in l927. Johnson taught at the University of North Dakota from 1921 through 1926 and at the University of Chattanooga from 1926 through 1928. He came to WSU in 1928 as the first full-time political science professor and chairman of the newly formed Department of History and Political Science. At WSU he met Mary Wilson Maxwell, whom he married in 1929. He served as chair of the department until 1951 and retired from the faculty in 1960. He had been described as "one of the most stimulating people who ever entered a classroom at WSU." (Obituary, Idahonian, February 28, 1976.)

In addition to his teaching career at WSU, Johnson was professionally active in several capacities. Governor Clarence D. Martin appointed him to the state Constitutional Revision Committee, 1935-1936. He received a governor's certificate for contributions to the cultural life of the State of Washington in 1967. Johnson served as the Vice-President of the American Political Science Association in 1958. He was honored by his faculty colleagues in being asked to deliver one of the first Invited Addresses at WSU. He traveled widely and was a Fulbright lecturer at the universities of Sydney and Melbourne in Australia in 1953-1954 as well as visiting professor at the universities of Minnesota, Illinois, Colorado and California at Berkeley. He was a Fulbright visiting professor at the University of Athens in 1961-1962.

Johnson authored many books and scholarly articles. His textbooks have been used nationwide. Government in the United States, American National Government, and American State and Local Government all have appeared in several editions. He wrote several monographs, Carter Henry Harrison I: Political Leader (published by the University of Chicago Press, 1928) and  Borah of Idaho (published by Longmans, Green & Co., 1936, and reissued by the University of Washington Press, 1967) and scores of articles for scholarly publications.

Dr. Johnson was a frequent speaker on political and international themes and was a delegate to the peace conference at Geneva, Switzerland, in 1926 as a guest of the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace. He was a member of Phi Beta Kappa and a number of other professional and honorary groups. He received an honorary Doctor of Letters degree from the University of Richmond in 1961. He belonged to Lambda Chi Alpha social fraternity.

Although he retired in 1960, Johnson remained active. He continued to teach on visiting professor appointments and to publish. In 1967, WSU's eight-story Claudius O. Johnson Tower, where the political science department is now located, was dedicated in his honor. Dr. Johnson died in February, 1976.

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Arrangement note

The Claudius O. Johnson papers are arranged in three series. The first series is Borah of Idaho, 1908-1940. This series consists of material related to Johnson's book,  Borah of Idaho, and includes correspondence and other information gathered for the book, drafts of the book, and correspondence about the book. The first subseries, Research and Chapter Notes, illustrates the various stages in the creation of the book. It includes research notes, clippings, newspaper articles, speeches, and manuscript notes on file cards. The subseries is arranged by chapter, although the chapter numbering and titles are different from the final book. The second subseries, Subject File, is arranged alphabetically and contains mainly newspaper clippings and correspondence about Borah and the publication of the book. Included are notes about Borah's life that Johnson felt were inappropriate to include in the book. The third subseries, Borah Files, is arranged alphabetically and consists mainly of copies of correspondence by Borah to Irving E. Rockwell, C. O. Johnson, and Thomas C. Stanford and copies of speeches made by Borah.

The second series is Professional and Personal Papers, 1917-1978. Some of the items in this series belonged to his wife, Mary Maxwell Johnson. The first subseries, General, is arranged alphabetically. It consists mainly of correspondence but contains a variety of items, including photographs, sketches, Christmas cards, manuscripts and newpaper clippings. Included are records of Johnson's proposed debate with Will Rogers and his service on the Washington State Department of Social Security Board of Sponsors. The second subseries, Financial Records, is arranged alphabetically and consists mainly of income tax and real estate records. The third subseries, Scrapbook, Awards, and Certificates, contains a scrapbook with material relating to Borah of Idaho, mainly clippings of reviews. The folder of awards and certificates, consisting mainly of diplomas, is arranged by recipient. They are placed together because they are oversized.

The third series, Publications, 1928-1972, consists of Dr. Johnson's file of his books and articles. The series is arranged alphabetically and contains several editions of most of his books. Many items, especially the books, are annotated.

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Administrative Information

Publication Information

Manuscripts, Archives, and Special Collections, Washington State University Libraries © 1984

http://www.wsulibs.wsu.edu/masc
Terrell Library
P.O. Box 645610
Pullman, WA, 99164-5610
509-335-6691
mascref@wsu.edu

Conditions Governing Access note

This collection is open for research use.

Immediate Source of Acquisition note

The papers of Claudius Osborne Johnson were donated to the Washington State University Libraries by Claudius O. and Mary Johnson in several installments; the most recent being in February, 1980 (MS 80-6).

Processing Information note

The processing of the various accessions into one collection was begun by Steve Balzarini in 1981 and completed by Ann Klavano in 1984.

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Controlled Access Headings

Corporate Name(s)

  • Washington (State). Dept. of Social Security. Board of Sponsors

Personal Name(s)

  • Borah, William Edgar, 1865-1940
  • Johnson, Claudius Osborne, 1894- --Archives
  • Rockwell, Irvin E. (Irvin Elmer), 1862-1952
  • Rogers, Will, 1879-1935
  • Stanford, Thomas C.

Subject(s)

  • Government and Politics
  • Political science--Study and teaching (Higher)--Washington (State)
  • Washington (State)

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Bibliography

An unpublished biography of Johnson, Claudius O. Johnson: Author, Biographer, was prepared for History 513 by James L. Ratcliff in 1970. Will Rogers' newspaper debate with Johnson is described in Stephen E. Balzarini's  The 50th Anniversary of the Time That Will Rogers Didn't Come to the Palouse. (Bunchgrass Historian, 11:2 (Summer 1983) 3-13).

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Collection Inventory

Series 1: Borah Of Idaho 1908-1940 

Research and Chapter Notes 

Box-folder

Manuscript Notes (on cards) undated   4300.0 items.

1 / 1

Chapter Notes 

Box-folder

I: Illinois (1924-1934) 1935   20 items.

2 / 1

III: Idaho (1909-1934) 1935   20 items.

2 / 2

IV: W.E.B. Attorney at Law, (1910-1929) 1935   10 items.

2 / 3

VII: The Election of a Senator - Old Style, (1902-1908) 1935   18 items.

2 / 4

VIII: The Voice of the People (1918-1934) 1935   18 items.

2 / 5

IX: Dynamite and Politics (1930-1934) 1935   14 items.

2 / 6

X: Idaho's Dividends (1908-1934) 1935   44 items.

2 / 7

XI: The National Statesman Emerges (1909-1911) 1935   7 items.

2 / 8

XI: New Horizons (1940-1936) 1935   7 items.

2 / 9

XIII: Who Is a Republican (1912-1933) 1935   30 items.

2 / 10

XIV: New Freedom Politics (1913-1916) 1935   95 items.

2 / 11

XV: The Apostle of Free Speech (1918-1925) 1935   75 items.

2 / 12

XVI: A Conception of States' Rights (1914-1926) 1935   20 items.

2 / 13

XVII: The Mirabeau of the Battalion of Death (1919 -1934) 1935   115

2 / 14

XVIII: Swords and Ploughshares (1919-1935) 1935   140

2 / 15

XIX: Cleaning the Augean Stables (1921-1928) 1935   50 items.

2 / 16

XX: The Idaho Stalemate (1917-1924) 1935   90 items.

2 / 17

XXI: Borah-Russian Relations (1922-1932) 1935   70 items.

2 / 18

XXII: We Have Scotched the Snake (1923-1929) 1935   35 items.

2 / 19

XXIII: Anti-Imperialism (1909-1928) 1935   50 items.

2 / 20

XXIV: The Outlawry of War (1922-1929) 1935   85 items.

2 / 21

XXV: The Hammer of Thor (1926-1929) 1935   135

2 / 22

XXVI: Borah and Hoover (1929-1932) 1935   150

2 / 23

XXVII: Achilles in His Tent (1932) 1935   35 items.

2 / 24

XXVIII: The New Deal (1932-1935) 1935   150

2 / 25

XXIX: Characteristics (1909-1934) 1935   40 items.

2 / 26

XXX: Newspapers, Technique & Correspondence With Other Statesmen (1923-1926) 1935   15 items.

2 / 27
Box-folder

Manuscript of Borah of Idaho 1936   1.0 item.

2 / 28

Subject File 

Box-folder

Bibliography and Outline undated   35.0 items.

3 / 29

Correspondence 

Box-folder

Borah in Kansas 1934-1935   20 items.

3 / 30

General 

Box-folder
3 / 30
Box-folder

 1929-1936   123

3 / 31

 1934-1940   161

3 / 32-33

 1940-1949   150

3 / 34

Reprint of Borah Cartoons 1935-1936   35 items.

3 / 35

Reprint of Borah Material 1935-1936   27 items.

3 / 36

Revisions 1934-1940   20 items.

3 / 37
Box-folder

Election Returns, Idaho 1890-1922   25.0 items.

3 / 38

Interview, Johnson and Borah 1935   4.0 items.

3 / 39

Memorial Service for Borah 1940   12.0 items.

3 / 40

Newspaper Article on Borah 1942   1.0 item.

3 / 41

Newspaper Clippings 1907-1940   35.0 items.

3 / 42

Notes on Borah 1939   27.0 items.

3 / 43

Photographs and Drawings of Borah 1932-1936   8.0 items.

3 / 44

Political Cartoons undated   8.0 items.

3 / 45

Reviews of Borah of Idaho 1936-1943   49.0 items.

3 / 46

The Roosevelt Club Debate 1927   1.0 item.

3 / 47

Speeches About Borah 1935-1942   3.0 items.

3 / 48

Borah Files 

Correspondence 

Box-folder

General (carbon and transcribed copies, and originals) 1901-1934   133

3 / 49

C. O. Johnson (transcribed copies) 1934-1936   31 items.

3 / 50

Irvin E. Rockwell (transcribed copies) 1911-1940   155

3 / 51

Rockwell, Stanford, and Johnson (carbon and transcribed copies, and originals) 1934-1943   175

3 / 52

Thomas C. Stanford (transcribed copies) 1901-1939   115

3 / 53
Box-folder

Correspondence, Speeches, and Newspaper Articles (transcribed copies) 1914-1930   75.0 items.

3 / 54

Foreign Relations Committee, Letters and Newspaper Articles (transcribed copies) 1922-1929   50.0 items.

3 / 55

Oratory, Newspaper Articles (transcribed copies) 1924-1929   14.0 items.

3 / 56

Personal Relationships in Senate, Letters (transcribed copies) 1927-1934   17.0 items.

3 / 58

Speeches and Articles (carbon and transcribed copies) 1908-1934   50.0 items.

3 / 58

Speeches and Articles Since 1920 (transcribed copies and originals) 1922-1935   100.0 items.

3 / 59

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Series 2: Professional and Personal Papers 

General 

American Political Science Association Annual Meeting: 

Box-folder

Atlanta, Georgia 1935   25 items.

4 / 60

Political Parties Session 1941-1942   150

4 / 61
Box-folder

Army Insignia 1918   2.0 items.

4 / 62

Blanket Primary Notes 1932-1938   50.0 items.

4 / 63

Christmas Cards (photographs) 1960 1966 1970 1971   9.0 items.

4 / 64

Correspondence: 

Box-folder

Condolences and Memorials 1976-1977   70 items.

4 / 65

T.Y. Crowell, and Harper and Row 1958-1978   15 items.

4 / 66

Former Colleagues 1943-1970   24 items.

4 / 67

Former Students 1942-1970   350

4 / 68-69

General 1938-1960   140

4 / 70

Paulino Maximo Sebastian 1941-1945   13 items.

4 / 71
Box-folder

County Government Conference 1936   92.0 items.

4 / 72

Distinguished Virginians' Homecoming 1957   10.0 items.

4 / 73

Documents 1926 1948 1949   3.0 items.

4 / 74

Family and Other Intimates (correspondence and clippings) 1972-1978   25.0 items.

4 / 75

The Girl Graduate Book 1917   1.0 item.

4 / 76

Johnson Tower (congratulations and correspondence) 1964-1967   75.0 items.

4 / 77

Letters to Johnson Upon His Retirement 1960   1.0 item.

4 / 78

Manuscripts: 

Box-folder

From Dawn to Sunup undated   441

4 / 79-81

From Dawn to Sunup 1966   194

4 / 82

George Douglas Minnick undated   18 items.

4 / 83

Honor Thy Father and Thy Mother undated   54 items.

4 / 84
Box-folder

Memorial Service 1976   14.0 items.

5 / 85

Newspaper Clippings: 

Box-folder

General 1928-1960   83 items.

5 / 86

Obituaries and Tributes 1976   18 items.

5 / 87
Box-folder

Odd and Rare Material 1922-1960   65.0 items.

5 / 88

Photographs 1904-1969   86.0 items.

5 / 89

Professional Recognition I 1935-1970   120.0 items.

5 / 90

Professional Recognition II 1942-1971   180.0 items.

5 / 91

Resume 1972   4.0 items.

5 / 92

Rogers-Johnson Debate 

Box-folder

General 1933 1964   81 items.

5 / 93

Newspapers 1933   7 items.

5 / 94
Box-folder

Sketches of Johnson 1930 1961   2.0 items.

5 / 95

Speeches and Addresses (including notes and correspondence) 1952-1965   250.0 items.

5 / 96

Student Manual to Accompany Textbooks 1958   1.0 item.

5 / 97

Third Invited Address Announcement 1958   1.0 item.

5 / 98

Transcripts, College and University 1920 1927   3.0 items.

5 / 99

Turner, George 

Box-folder

Correspondence Regarding Turner 1940-1944   264

5 / 100

Manuscript undated   207

5 / 101

Papers 1925-1931   24 items.

5 / 102
Box-folder

U'Ren, William S. 1941 1964   5.0 items.

5 / 103

Various Writings undated   76.0 items.

5 / 104

Washington State Department of Social Security Board of Sponsors 1937   150.0 items.

6 / 105

Whiskers 1935-1938   7.0 items.

6 / 106

Writing Possibilities 1955 1959   7.0 items.

6 / 107

Financial Records 

Box-folder

Income Tax (Federal) 1967-1975   172.0 items.

6 / 108-115

Real Estate: 

Box-folder

Cope House 1953-1962   110

6 / 116

Correspondence and Legal Documents: 

Box-folder

 1933-1953   110

6 / 117

 1956-1961   11

6 / 118
Box-folder

Stocks 1929 1938   3 items.

6 / 119

Scrapbook, Awards, and Certificates 

Box-folder

Scrapbook 1936   1.0 item.

7 / 120

Awards and Certificates: 

Box-folder

Claudius O. Johnson - Diplomas, Certificates, Appointment, and Citation 1913-1960   11 items.

7 / 121

Mary Wilson Maxwell Johnson - Diplomas and Certificate 1917-1923   3 items.

7 / 121

Helen Balch - Diplomas and Endorsement 1905-1909   3 items.

7 / 121

Harold Eugene Culver - Diplomas 1906-1923   5 items.

7 / 121

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Series 3: Publications 1928-1972 

Box-folder

The Adoption of the Initiative and Referendum in Washington, reprint from The Pacific Northwest Quarterly. 35:4. 291-303. October 1944   1.0 item.

8 / 122

American Government National, State, and Local. New York, Crowell. First Printing. Annotated. 1951   1.0 item.

8 / 123

American National Government. New York, Crowell. Annotated. 1945   1.0 item.

8 / 124

American National Government. New York, Crowell. Fourth Edition, Annotated. 1955   1.0 item.

8 / 125

American National Government, Instructors Manual. With David M. Ogden. Jr; H. Paul Castleberry; and Thor Swanson. 1970   1.0 item.

8 / 126

American State and Local Government. New York, Crowell. With H. Paul Castleberry; Thor Swanson; Daniel M. Ogden Jr; Fourth Edition. 1965   1.0 item.

8 / 127

American State and Local Government. New York, Crowell. With Daniel M. Ogden. Jr; H. Paul Castleberry; Thor Swanson; Fifth Edition. 1972   1.0 item.

8 / 128

Autori e Difensori Delle Liberta Civili, reprint from Rivista Internazionale di Scienze Economiche e Commerciali 9:11. 1-15. Annotated. 1962   1.0 item.

8 / 129

Borah - His Political Impact, Borah Foundation Lectures. University of Idaho, Moscow, 27-36. 1964   1.0 item.

8 / 130

Borah of Idaho. New York, Longmans, Green and Co. Annotated, Copies of Political Cartoons Pasted In. 1936   1.0 item.

8 / 131

Borah of Idaho. New York, Longmans, Green and Co. Annotated. 1936   1.0 item.

8 / 132

Borah's Bequest to Democracy, Idaho Yesterday. 1:4 Winter, 1957-1958   1.0 item.

8 / 133

Carter Henry Harrison I. Political Leader. Chicago, University of Chicago Press 1928.   1.0 item.

8 / 134

Civil Liberties: The Citizens Business, reprint from Western Political Quarterly. 3:4. 501-511. Winter, 1950   1.0 item.

8 / 135

Did Judah P. Benjamin Plant the 'States' Rights' Interpertation of the British North American Act?, Reprint From The Canadian Bar Review. 454-477. September 1967   1.0 item.

8 / 136

George Douglas Minnick. Contributions to the History of the Pacific Northwest. Pullman, The State College of Washington 1939.   1.0 item.

8 / 137

George Turner, Attorney-At-Law, Research Studies of the State College of Washington. 11:3. 171-192. September 1943   1.0 item.

8 / 138

George Turner. Part I: The Background of a Statesman, Reprint From The Pacific Northwest Quarterly. 34:3 (July 1943) 243-269. Bound With:  George Turner. Part II: United States Senator and Counsel and Arbiter for the United States, Reprint from The Pacific Northwest Quarterly. 34:4 (October 1943) 367-392.  George Turner of Supreme Court of Washington Territory, Oregon Historical Quarterly. 44:4 (December 1943) 370-385. Annotated.  George Turner, Attorney-At-Law, Research Studies of the State College of Washington, 11:3 (September 1943) 171-192.  George Turner, a Character from Plutarch, Washington Law Review and State Bar Journal. 18:4 (November 1943) 167-181. Continued in next issue. 18-36. Annotated. 1943   1.0 item.

8 / 139

George Turner. Part II: United States Senator and Counsel and Arbiter for the United States, Reprint From The Pacific Northwest Quarterly. 34:4. 367-392. October 1943   1.0 item.

8 / 140

George Turner of Supreme Court Washington Territory Oregon Historical Quarterly. 44:4. 370-385. Annotated. December 1943   1.0 item.

8 / 141

Government in the United States. New York, Crowell. Annotated. 1953   1.0 item.

9 / 142

Government in the United States. New York, Crowell. Revised Edition, with Supplement. Tenth Printing. Annotated. 1939   1.0 item.

9 / 143

Government in the United States. New York, Crowell. Revised Edition, Eleventh Printing. Annotated. 1940   1.0 item.

9 / 144

Government in the United States. New York, Crowell. Third Edition. Annotated. Page Missing. 1944   1.0 item.

9 / 145

Government in the United States. New York, Crowell. Fourth Edition. Annotated. 1947   1.0 item.

9 / 146

Government in the United States. New York, Crowell. Fifth Edition 1951   1.0 item.

9 / 147

Government in the United States. New York, Crowell. Sixth Edition. 1956   1.0 item.

9 / 148

Identification of the Principal Issues, The Annals. Vol. 283 September, 1952   1.0 item.

9 / 149

The Initiative and Referendum in Washington, Proceedings of the Public Affairs Conference. The State College of Washington, Pullman 1949 

9 / 150

The Kind of Post-War World We Want, Washington Education Journal. 23:1. 6-7. October 1943   1.0 item.

10 / 151

Review of The Direct Primary in Idaho by Boyd A. Martin, Pacific Historical Review, 17:1. 95. February, 1948   1.0 item.

10 / 152

Review of The Elements of Modern Politics by Francis Graham Wilson, The Pacific Northwest Quarterly. 27:4. 401. October 1936   1.0 item.

10 / 153

Review of How They Became President: Thirty-Five Ways to the White House by Rexford G. Tugwell, The Pacific Northwest Quarterly. 56:4. 184. October 1965   1.0 item.

10 / 154

Review of Papers of Edward P. Castigan Relating to the Progressive Movement in Colorado by Colin B. Goodykoontz, The Pacific Northwest Quarterly. 33:2. 222-223. April 1942   1.0 item.

10 / 155

Review of Pressure Politics in New York: A Study of Group Representation Before the Legislature by Belle Zeller, The Pacific Northwest Quarterly. 28:4. 430. April 1937   1.0 item.

10 / 156

Review of Sweet of Colorado by Wayne C. Williams, The Pacific Northwest Quarterly. 35:1. 80-81. January 1944   1.0 item.

10 / 157

State Government (U.S.) reprint from Encyclopedia Britannica. 148-150. 1971   1.0 item.

10 / 158

State and Local Government. New York, Vail-Ballou Press 1950.   1.0 item.

10 / 159

The Status of Freedom of Expression Under the Smith Act, The Western Political Quarterly. 11:3. 469-480. September 1958   1.0 item.

10 / 160

Strain and Restraint: The Impact of Subversive Control on Personal Freedom, Washington State Review. 3:4. 4-11. Summer 1960   1.0 item.

10 / 161

The Story of Silver Politics in Idaho, 1892-1902, The Pacific Northwest Quarterly. 33:3. 283-296. July 1942   1.0 item.

10 / 162

Washington's Blanket Primary Reviewed, The Pacific Northwest Quarterly. 48:4. 113-119. October 1957   1.0 item.

10 / 163

When William E. Borah was Defeated for the United States Senate, Reprint from The Pacific Historical Review. 12:2. 125-138. June 1943   1.0 item.

10 / 164

William E. Borah: The Issue First, The Party Second, Northwest Science. 27:3. 95-106. 1953   1.0 item.

10 / 165

William E. Borah: The People's Choice, The Pacific Northwest Quarterly. 44:1. 15-22. January 1953   1.0 item.

10 / 166

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