Cage 110

G. J. Bayle

Papers, 1930-1940

Acquisition And Processing Information

Mrs. Curt Bowers donated the G. J. Bayle papers to the Washington State University Libraries in 1962. This collection guide was created by Susan Vetter in 2010.

Extent/Quantity Information

Number of Containers: 1

Linear Feet of Shelf Space: 0.25

Historical Note

G. J. Bayle was a timber cruiser and logger for the Consolidated Mining and Smelting Company Limited (CMS), later Cominco, in Trail, British Columbia. CMS's Trail Smelter sits 10 miles north of the United States-Canada border on the Columbia River. Sulfur dioxide in the stack emissions from Trail's lead-zinc smelter moved with prevailing winds down the Columbia River valley into Stevens County, WA. In the 1920s as a result of complaints about harm caused to timber, crops, and livestock from Stevens County residents, the U.S. government objected formally to the Canadian Government about this damage. Consequently the International Joint Commission (IJC), whose task was to settle U.S.-Canadian border disputes, conducted hearings. Bayle testified before the International Joint Commission in 1930 as a CMS witness. He was identified then as from Creston, British Columbia, and as having worked for CMS near Trail in 1921 and 1922. He cruised and valued timber in 1927 and 1928, and surveyed timber conditions in the Northport (Stevens County) district in 1929. Based on his familiarity with timber condition, Bayle testified in 1930 regarding smoke damage caused by CMS's Trail Smelter. As the Trail Smelter case continued, Bayle valued the timber in Stevens County again in 1936 and remained in contact with CMS attorneys regarding the continuation of the Trail Smelter case until its conclusion in 1940.

Collection Description

All materials are connected to Bayle's work for CMS regarding the smoke damage cases. The printed documents date to 1930 when the IJC conducted hearings at which Bayle testified. The IJC issued its decision with damage awards in 1931. Because the damage continued, the Trail Smelter Arbitral Tribunal was created under an agreement between the governments of Canada and the United States by the Convention of Ottawa in 1935. The Trail Smelter Arbitral Tribunal's 1938 decision is included in the collection. Correspondence from CMS attorneys in the collection dates to this second arbitration of the Trail Case from 1935 to 1941. Bayle seems to have testified in Ottawa in 1937, presumably regarding his 1936 inspection of timber in the Columbia River valley. The 1940 correspondence indicates that Bayle did not perform another valuation before the final damage awards in 1941. The collection includes two maps of Stevens County by Dr. G. G. Hedgecock, forest pathologist, showing "smelter fumes injury" zones. Hedgecock documented injury to timber in Stevens County in 1928 and 1929, and defined zones based on the percentage of trees exhibiting damage.

Collection Arrangement

The collection is arranged in a single series.

Subjects

Air -- Pollution -- United States
Air -- Pollution -- Washington (State) -- Stevens County
Smoke -- Environmental aspects
International Joint Commission
Trail Smelter Arbitral Tribunal
Consolidated Mining and Smelting Company of Canada Ltd.
Cominco Ltd.

Access

This collection is open and available for research use. Copyright restrictions may apply.

Preferred Citation

The suggested citation for the collection is:

[Item description]
G. J. Bayle Papers, 1930-1940
Manuscripts, Archives, and Special Collections
Washington State University Libraries
Pullman, WA

Related Materials

At Washington State University: Lon Johnson Papers, 1912-1967 (Cage 195. Collection guide available online: http://www.wsulibs.wsu.edu/MASC/finders/cg195.htm). Johnson was a Washington attorney representing CMS in the IJC hearings.

Languages

Items are in English.

Container List

Box Folder Description
1 1 International Joint Commission. Trail Smelter Reference: In the Matter of the Complaint Regarding Damages in the State of Washington Caused by Fumes from the Smelter of the Consolidated Mining and Smelting Company, Trail, British Columbia. "Reply Brief for the Government of the United States," by J. A. Metzger and James Oliver Murdock, Counsel for the Government of the United States. Washington, D.C., 1930 October 3
    International Joint Commission. Trail Smelter Reference. "Reply Brief" by S. W. O'Brien, circa 1930
    International Joint Commission. Trail Smelter Reference. "Brief Submitted on Behalf of His Majesty's Government in Canada." Ottawa: F. A. Acland, printer, 1930
  2 International Joint Commission. Trail Smelter Reference. "Brief of the Consolidated Mining and Smelting Company Limited" by W. N. Tilley, K.C., W. Lon Johnson, and R. C. Crowe, circa 1930
  3 International Joint Commission. Trail Smelter Reference: In the Matter of the Complaint Regarding Damages in the State of Washington Caused by Fumes from the Smelter of the Consolidated Mining and Smelting Company, Trail, British Columbia. "Abstract of Evidence of the Hearing at Washington, D.C., January 22-February 12, 1930" by counsel for the Consolidated Mining and Smelting Company of Canada, Limited, W. N Tilley, K.C., W. Lon Johnson, and R. C. Crowe, 1930
  4 "Decision Reported on April 16, 1938 to the Government of the United States of America and to the Government of the Dominion of Canada by the Trail Smelter Arbitral Tribunal, under the Convention Signed April 15, 1935." Typescript, circa 1938
  5 Stevens County Smelter Fumes Injury Maps (by Hedgecock)
    Correspondence, 1937 and 1940